Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 5, 2022

VIEWS 23
| Download 10

Factors influencing rice production in the Lwafi-katongolo irrigation scheme: Nkasi District, Tanzania

Revocatus P. Ruvubu, Pantaleo KT. Munishi

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.21(5), 11-20, November 2022

Certification:

IJAAR 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess factors influencing rice production in the Lwafi-Katongolo Irrigation Scheme. A sample of 120 farmers from 4 villages of Katongolo, Masolo, Kamwanda and Mpata were purposively selected for the assessment of factors influencing crop yields and water delivery (flow). Data was collected through a questionnaire administered to households to generate information on factors influencing water delivery and how the influence affects rice production. The data were subjected to analysis of trends in crop production and water flows using Microsoft Excel. Multivariate regression analysis was used to assess factors influencing production during the wet and dry seasons while Descriptive analysis was used to determine the level of farmer satisfaction on irrigation services. Qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis. The findings show that Cropped land size, condition of secondary canals, relative position of irrigated area and Government facilitation for maintenance significantly and positively influenced productivity in the scheme. Experience of farmers in irrigation practices influenced negatively the productivity in the scheme. The annual rainfall increased 1.58mm in the period 1981-2020 causing destruction of canal walls and soil erosion in the scheme. Water discharge in the irrigation scheme decreased by 40.36m3/s between 2019 and 2021 implying poor water supply hence negatively influencing productivity. The finding also explained farmers satisfaction for water delivery in the scheme as the response was 61.57% Neutral, 33.75% Dissatisfied, 3.64% Satisfied, 1.04 Strong Dissatisfied and 0% Strong Satisfied. The study recommends, the government and other stake holder of agriculture should continue planning for rehabilitating the infrastructure destructed and constructing other structure as per design, construction of water dam, and rescheduling of the maintenance and operation for Water user association in the scheme.

VIEWS 23

Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Factors influencing rice production in the Lwafi-katongolo irrigation scheme: Nkasi District, Tanzania

FAO. 2015. National Investment Profile Water for Agriculture and Energy. In Fao. http://www. fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/agwa/docs/NIP-TANZANIA-MAY 2014-GC-AM-MD-to print.pdf

January RB, Kim AK. 2019. Enhancing community participation to improve sustainability of irrigation projects in Geita District, Tanzania. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 11(10), 169-175. https://doi.org/10.5897 /jaerd2019.

Kawasaki J, Herath S. 2011. Impact assessment of climate change on rice production in Khon Kaen province, Thailand. Journal of ISSAAS 17(2), 14-28.

Kulyakwave PD, Shiwei X, Yu W. 2019. Households’ characteristics and perceptions of weather variability impact on rice yield: Empirical analysis of small scale farmers in Tanzania. Ciencia Rural 49(11). https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr

Mahoo H, Simukanga L, Kashaga R. 2015. Water resources management in Tanzania: identifying research gaps and needs and recommendations for a research agenda 14(1), 57-77.

Materu ST, Shukla S, Sishodia RP, Tarimo A, Tumbo SD. 2018. Water use and rice productivity for irrigation management alternatives in Tanzania. Water (Switzerland) 10(8). https://doi.org/10.3390 /w10081018

Mdee A, Harrison E, Mdee C, Mdee E, Bahati E. 2014. The politics of small- scale irrigation in Tanzania: Making sense of failed expectations. September 23.

Mdemu MV, Mziray N, Bjornlund H, Kashaigili JJ. 2017. Barriers to and opportunities for improving productivity and profitability of the Kiwere and Magozi irrigation schemes in Tanzania. International Journal of Water Resources Development 33(5), 725-739. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/ 07900627 .2016.1188267

Mfinanga FA, Musa B. 2021. The Performance of Traditional and Modern Irrigation Schemes in Improving Agriculture Crops Yields in Tanzania A Case of Mbeya Rural District The Performance of Traditional and Modern Irrigation Schemes in Improving Agriculture Crops Yields in Tanzania A . April 2018.

Molle F, Chompadist C, Srijantr T, Keawkulaya J. 2001. Dry-season water allocation and management in the Chao Phraya Delta.

Oates N, Mosello B, Jobbins G. 2017. Pathways for irrigation development : policies and irrigation performance in Tanzania.

Rowshon MK, Mojid MA, Amin MSM, Azwan M, Yazid AM. 2014. Improving Irrigation Water Delivery Performance of a Large-Scale Rice Irrigation Scheme. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 140(8), 04014027. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)ir.1943-4774.0000747

Sarwar A, Bastiaanssen WGM, Feddes RA. 2001. Irrigation water distribution and long-term effects on crop and environment. Agricultural Water Management 50(2), 125-140. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/ S0378-3774(01)00094-4

Thakur SB. 2018. Climate Change Impacts on Irrigation System and. September 29-38.

Uyanık GK, Güler N. 2013. A Study on Multiple Linear Regression Analysis. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 106, 234-240. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.027

Vos J. 2005. Understanding water delivery performance in a large-scale irrigation system in Peru. Irrigation and Drainage 54(1), 67-78. https:// doi.org /10.1002/ird.152

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background