Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2015

VIEWS 2
| Download 2

Feeding rate requirements for Schilbe intermedius (Rüppel, 1832) fingerlings reared in captivity

Ephrem Comlan Tossavi, Augustin N’tcha, Arnauld Djissou, Diane Kpogue, Issa Nahoua Ouattara, Emile Didier Fiogbe

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.7(6), 34-41, December 2015

Certification:

IJAAR 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The control of the breeding of Schilbe intermedius in captivity, passes by the determination of its nutritional requirements. The present study aims therefore to determine the optimal feed ration of the fingerlings of S. intermedius. The experiment was carried out in circular basins during 28 days. After their capture in natural environment, their transfer in controlled area and their acclimatization to the artificial food used (coppens: protein 45%.), the fingerlings used (average weight: 3.12±0.83g) were subjected to four feed rations (2, 5, 8 and 11% of the biomass) tested in triplicate each one. Thus, the lowest rate of survival (64.00±1.15%) was recorded for the fingerlings’lot subjected to the ration of 8% where the pH is more acid (5.29).The final average weight (4.63±0.00g), the specific growth rate (1.19±0.08%/day) and the food effectiveness (0.53±0.00) obtained with the ration of 11% were the highest. These values are significantly different (P< 0.05) than those obtained with the ration of 2%.The best consumption index was registered with the ration of 2%. According to the model of Brett, the maximum and optimal daily rations of S. intermedius fingerlings were estimated to 4.6 % and 8.5 % respectively.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Feeding rate requirements for Schilbe intermedius (Rüppel, 1832) fingerlings reared in captivity

Aderolu AZ, Seriki BM, Apatira AL, Ajaegbo CU. 2010. Effects of feeding frequency on growth, feed efficiency and economic viability of rearing African catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell 1822) fingerlings and juveniles. African Journal of Food Science 4(5), 286 – 290.

Ahouansou – Montcho S, Chikou A, Lalèyè PA, Linsenmair KE. 2011. Population structure and reproductive biology of Schilbe intermedius (Teleostei: Schilbeidae) in the Pendjari River, Benin. African Journal of Aquatic Science 36(2), 139-145.

Barnabé G. 1991. Bases biologiques et écologiques de l’aquaculture. Coll. TEC & DOC. Lavoisier (ed), 489p.

Brett JR, Groves TDD. 1979. Fish physiology. Physiological Energetics 3, 280-282.

Chikou A. 2006. Etude de la démographie et de l’exploitation halieutique de six espèces de poissons-chats (Teleostei, Siluriformes) dans le delta de l’Ouémé au Bénin. Thèse de Doctorat, Université de Liège, Belgium, 459 p.

Durville P, Bosc P, Galzin R, Conand C. 2003. Aptitude à l’élevage des post – larves de poisons coralliens. Ressources marines et commercialisation 11, 19 – 30.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2014. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014. Rome.

Fermon Y. 2010. La pisciculture de subsistance en étangs en Afrique: Manuel technique. Action Contre la Faim (ACF) – International network, 274p.

Fiogbé ED. 1996. Contribution à l’étude des besoins nutritionnels chez les larves et juvéniles de la perche fluviatile (Perca fluviatilis L.). Thèse de Doctorat, FUNDP, Namur, 288 p.

Harmon P, Peterson R. 1994. The affect of temperature and salinity on the growth of striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada (2), 45–47.

Hecht T, Appelbaum S. 1988. Observations on intraspecific aggression and coeval sibling cannibalism by larva and juvenile Clarias gariepinus (Clariidae: Pisces) under controlled conditions. Journal of Zoology 214, 21 – 44.

Kerdchuen N. 1992. L’alimentation artificielle d’un silure africain, Heterobranchus longifilis (Teleostei: clariidae): Incidence du mode d’alimentation et première estimation des besoins nutritionnels. Thèse de Doctorat de l’Université Paris 6, 182 p.

Khan MA, Ahmed I, Abidi SF. 2004. Effect of ration size on growth, conversion efficiency and body composition of fingerling mrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton). Aquaculture Nutrition 10, 47-53.

Kpoguè D, Sêzonlin M, Houédété H, Fiogbé E. 2011. Estimation de la ration alimentaire optimale chez les fingerlings de Parachanna obscura (Perciformes, Channidae). International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 5(6) 2434 – 2440.

Kpogue DNS. 2013. Domestication de Parachanna obscura (Günther, 1861) au Bénin: Besoins nutritionnels et densités de mise en charge. Thèse de doctorat, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 153 p.

Lalèyè P, Akele D, Philippart JC. 2005. La pêche traditionnelle dans les plaines inondables du fleuve Ouémé au Bénin. Cahiers d’Ethologie 22 25–38.

Lalèyè P, Chikou A, Wuemenou T. 1997. Poissons  d’eaux  douces  et saumâtres  du Bénin : Inventaire, distribution, statut et conservation. Inventaire des poissons menacés de disparition du Bénin. Rapport d’étude. Coop. bénino-néerlandaise/ Ambassade Royale des Pays-Bas, Cotonou (Bénin), 80 p.

Lalèyè P, Niyonkuru C, Moreau J, Teugels GG. 2003. Spatial and seasonal distribution of the ichthyofauna of Lake Nokoué, Bénin, west Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 28(2), 151-161.

Lazard J, Cacot P. 2004. La domestication des espèces de poissons – chats du Mékong de la famille des Pangasiidae. INRA productions animales 17(3), 195 –198.

Mélard C, Abi-Ayad A, Grignard JC, Baras, E, Paelinck P, Kaiser L, Philippart JC, Kestemont P, Fiogbé ED, Pirmez L, Micha JC. 1995. Diversification de la pisciculture Wallonne. Mise au point de l’élevage intensif de nouvelles espèces de consommation et de repeuplement cyprinidés et percidés. Rapport de recherche à la Région Wallonne, Université de Liège, FUNDP. Namur, 58p.

Lequenne P. 1984. Les fermes marines. Ed. Sud ; 124 p.

Monentcham SE. 2009. Alimentation et nutrition des juvéniles de Heterotis niloticus (Arapaimidae, Teleostei). Premières estimations des besoins nutritionnels et alorisation des sous – produits végétaux. Thèse de Doctorat, FUNDP, Namur, p. 176.

Mosepele K. Mosepele B, Williams L. 2006. Preliminary Assessment of the Feeding Ecology of Silver Catfish (Schilbe intermedius, Ruppel, 1832) in a Seasonal Floodplain of the Okavango Delta. Botswana Notes & Records Vol 37.

Paugy D, Lévêque C, Teugels GG. 2004. Faune des poissons d’eau douce et saumâtres de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. IRD Edition, Publications scientifiques du Muséum, MRAC.

Pickering AD. 1993. Growth and stress in fish production. Aquaculture 111, 51- 63.

Saville DJ. 1990. Multiple comparison procedures: the practical solution. American Statistic 44(2), 174– 180.

Smit NJ, Davies A J, Van As JG. 2000. A Trypanosome From Silver Catfish (Schilbe intermedius) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 20(3), 116-119.

Teferra G, Feledi B, Motlhabane D. 2003. The effects of rainfall on the composition and quality of food ingested by two species of fishes, Schilbe intermedius and Oreochromis mossambicus, in Gaborone dam. Botswana Notes and Records 35, 179-186.

Tossavi CE. 2013. Evolution de la biodiversité et de l’exploitation des poissons du lac Toho (sud-bénin): implications pour la gestion durable des ressources halieutiques. IV Colloque de l’UAC, Atelier Sciences Naturelles et Agronomie, communication n°48.

Woods CMC. 2005. Growth of cultured seahorses (Hippocampus obdominalis) in relation to feed ration. Aquaculture International 13, 305-314.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background