Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Field effectiveness of yellow sticky sheets, aluminium foil and malathion for vectored viral disease in cucurbits

Research Paper | July 1, 2020

| Download 15

Shawana Ahmad, Asad Ali

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 1), 58-65, July 2020


JBES 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Extensive losses in many agricultural and horticultural crops are caused by vector borne viral diseases. The problem is really grave if the nature of transmission is non-persistent and we are left with only a few options to control. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of aluminium foil mulch, yellow coloured sticky sheets and insecticide for the management of vector borne viral disease in bottle gourd and its effect on yield. The experiment was conducted using RCB design with three replications and four treatments with ten plants in each treatment. Four treatments including the control were applied for the management of vectors i.e. Yellow sheets painted with mobile oil on 3×3 feet board to trap insects whilst Malathion insecticide was applied as second treatment, diamond aluminium foil was used with holes as third treatment and control plots. Based on results, yellow sticky sheet, aluminium foil mulching and insecticide application had significant effect on plant growth and yield. Yellow sticky sheets resulted in lowest disease incidence (10.83%) of viruses with good impact on yield parameters resulting in maximum fruit yield (7.51kg plant-1), highest number of fruits (7 plant-1) and maximum vine length (263.4cm) followed by aluminium foil mulching where disease incidence of virus was (13%), fruit yield was 6.42kg plant-1, fruits number was 5.23 plant-1 and vine length was 253.37 plant-1. Highest disease incidence (42.98%), minimum fruit yield (1.5kg plant-1), least number of fruits (4 plants-1) and minimum vine length (216.83cm) were recorded in untreated plants. Current study suggests that yellow sticky sheet is highly effective for virus vector control followed by aluminium foil. It can suppress vector population thereby reducing the virus incidence which ultimately increase fruit yield of bottle gourd.


Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Field effectiveness of yellow sticky sheets, aluminium foil and malathion for vectored viral disease in cucurbits

Ali A, Natsuaki T, Okuda S. 2004. Identification and molecular characterization of viruses infecting cucurbits in Pakistan. Journal of Phytopathology  152, 677-682

Antignus Y. 2000. Manipulation of wavelength-dependent behaviour of insects: an IPM tool to impede insects and restrict epidemics of insect-borne viruses. Virus Research 71, 213-220.

Antignus Y. 2012. Control methods of virus diseases in the Mediterranean basin. In Adv. in virus Res. (Vol. 84, pp. 533-553). Academic Press.

Barlow CA, Randolph PA, Randolph JC. 1977. Effects of pea aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) on growth and productivity of pea plants. Canadian Entomology 109, 1491-1502.

Brown JE, Dangler JM, Woods FM, Tilt KM, Henshow MD, Griffey WA, West MS. 1993. Delay in mosaic virus onset and aphid vectors reduction in summer squash grown on reflective mulches. Horticulture Science 28, 895-896.

Budnik K, Laing MD, Da Graca JV. 1996. Reduction of yield losses in pepper crops caused by Potato Virus Y in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, using plastic mulch and yellow sticky traps. Phytoparasitica 24, 119-124.

Buntin GD, Gilbertz DA, Oetting RD. 1993. Chlorophyll loss and gas exchange in tomato leaves after feeding injury by Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86, 517Ð522.

CMRAB, California Melon Research Advisory Board. est Management Strategic Plan- Cantaloupe, Honeydew, and Mixed Melon Production in California. 2003. http://pest-data.ncsu.edu/pmsp/pdf/CAMelon.pdf

Csizinski AA, Schuster DJ, Kring JB. 1995. Colour mulches influence yield and insect pest populations in tomatoes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 120, 778-784.

Damicone JP, Edelson JV, Sherwood JL, Myers LD, Motes JE. 2007. Effects of border crops and intercrops on control of cucurbit virus diseases. Plant Dis 91(5), 509-516.

Diaz BM, Fereres A. 2007. Ultraviolet-blocking materials as a physical barrier to control insect pests and plant pathogens in protected crops. Pest Technology 1, 85-95.

Elbert A, Nauen R. 2000. Resistance of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) to insecticides in southern Spain with special reference to neonicotinoids. Pest Manage Science 56, 60-64

Fajinmi AA, Fajinmi OB. 2010. Incidence of okra mosaic virus at different growth stages of okra plants (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) under tropical condition. Journal of General and Molecular Virology 2, 028-031.

Fajinmi AA, Odebode CA. 2010. Evaluation of maize/pepper intercropping model in the management of pepper veinal mottle virus, genus potyvirus, family potyviridae on cultivated pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in Nigeria. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 43, 1524-1533.

Green SK. 1991. Integrated control of virus diseases of vegetables in Taiwan. In: Proc. 1990 Int. Workshop Implementation Integ. Control Virus Dis. Important Crops, Taichung, Taiwan pp 35-68.

Greenough DR, Black LL, Bond WP. 1990. Aluminum-surfaced mulch: an approach to the control of tomato spotted wilt virus in solanaceous crops. Plant Disease 74, 805-808.

Hartz TK, Mayberry KS, Valencia J. 1996. Cantaloupe production in California. UC DANR Pub 7218. 1996. 3-

Jetter KM, Alston JM, Farquharson RJ. 2001. The case of silver leaf whitefly in California. UC Ag Issues Center.http://aic.ucdavis.edu/oa/whitefly.pdf

Kapoor PRO. 2012. Effect of polythene mulches and barrier crops on virus disease incidence and yield of bell pepper. Indian Phytopathology 65, 391-394.

Khalid S, Ahmad I. 1997. Occurrence of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) in Pakistan. Int. Conf. Integ. Plant Dis. Manag. For susten. Agric; Nov. 10–15; New Delhi, India..

Makkouk KM, Kumari SG. 2009. Epidemiology and integrated management of persistently transmitted aphid-borne viruses of legume and cereal crops in West Asia and North Africa. Virus Research 141, 209-218.

Malik AH, Mansoor S, Iram S, Briddon RW, Zafar Y. 2010. Severe disease of mellon in North West Frontier province is associated with simultaneous infection of two RNA viruses Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 361-367

Moreau TL, Isman MB. 2011. Trapping whiteflies? A comparison of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) responses to trap crops and yellow sticky traps. Pest Management Science 67, 408-413.

Natwick ET, Byers JA, Chu C, Lopez M, Henneberry TJ. 2007. Early detection and mass trapping of Frankliniella occidentalis and Thrips tabaci in vegetable crops. Southwestern Entomologist 32, 229-238.

Nyoike TW, Liburd OE. 2008. Application of Imidacloprid and cultural techniques for management of whiteflies in Cucurbits. In Proc Fla State Hort Soc 121, 249-251.

Pimentel D, Greiner A. 1997. Environmental and socio-economic costs of pesticide use. In: Pimentel D. (Ed.), Techniques for Reducing Pesticide Use: Economic and Environmental Benefits. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester pp. 51-78.

Stapleton JJ, Summers CG. 2002. Reflective mulches for management of aphids and aphid-borne virus diseases in late-season cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L. var. cantalupensis). Crop Protection 21, 891-898.

Summers CG, Stapleton JJ, Newton AS, Duncan RA, Hart D. 1995. Comparison of sprayable and film mulches in delaying the onset of aphid-borne virus diseases in Zucchini squash. Plant Disease 79, 1126-1131.

Webb SE, Akad F, Nyoike T, Liburd OE, Polston JE. 2007. Whitefly-transmitted Cucurbit leaf crumple virus in Florida. Fact Sheet ENY-477 (IN716), Entomology and Nematology Dept., Florida Coop. Ext. Serv., Inst. of Food and Agric. Sci., University of Florida.