First data on reproduction and growth parameters of the cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis L.) in Oran bay (Western Algeria coasts)

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Research Paper 01/05/2017
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First data on reproduction and growth parameters of the cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis L.) in Oran bay (Western Algeria coasts)

L. Saddikioui, M. Mazouz, S. M. E. A. Abi-Ayad
Int. J. Biosci.10( 5), 75-84, May 2017.
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This study presents the first data of growth and reproduction parameters of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) fishing in Western coasts of Algeria, in Oran. Such information is essential for assessing commercial potentialities of its stock, life history, and actual management of its fishery. For this purpose, a total of 581 cuttlefish, including 328 females and 253 males were collected monthly from January to December 2013. Cuttlefishes were measured, weighed, maturity assessed, and reproductive systems were removed and investigated in the laboratory. Length at first sexual maturity was determined following the length class in which at least 50% of the cuttlefish specimens were sexually mature. Spawning periodicity was determined studying the monthly gonadosomatic index (GSI). The estimated parameters of growth using the equation of Von Bertalanffy were L= 60 cm; K= 0.16; t0= -0.35 for females and L= 75 cm; K= 0.29; t0= -0.69 for males. According to the length-weight relationship; allometry is negative for both males and females. The female-male ratio was 1.3:1. The size at first maturity was estimated as 9.2 cm for females and 8.9 cm for males. Monthly values of the gonadosomatic index suggest that the spawning period of this species occurs between February and April, with a peak in March for females and between March and May, with a peak in April for males.


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