Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

First report of the parasitic infection in two snail species from Burkina Faso water bodies

Research Paper | January 1, 2022

| Download 58

Noellie W Kpoda, Géneviève I Tingueri, Rimwaodo Pierre Silga, Awa Gnémé, Idrissa Ouédraogo, Gustave B Kabré

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.20( 1), 133-143, January 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.1.133-143


IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Trematodiases are important yet neglected tropical diseases, caused by trematode parasites with a multi-host life cycle, which typically involves a snail intermediate host. The many knowledge gaps regarding the trematode life cycles, pathology, and epidemiology complicate effective control. This work was initiated to inventory parasites as part of the “One Health” initiative, where human and animal trematodes are considered equally important, in order to map their distribution, detect high-risk locations and improve disease control. This paper describes the occurrence of parasitic infections in the Ouagadougou reservoirs. These reservoirs are under intensive market gardening. The infra- and component community of digenetic trematodes and other parasites in a freshwater gastropod community were examined over a 5-month period. A total of 1031 Thiaridae snails was collected. Among them, 109 belonging to 2 species were infected by larval trematodes. Seven different types of cercaria were found: xiphidiocercaria, furcocercous, megalurous cercaria, monostome cercaria, Armatae xiphidiocercaria, echinostome cercaria and gymnocephalus cercaria. In addition to trematode infections, nematode and oligochaete (Chaetogaster limnaei limnaei) infections have been reported during this investigation. The association of Chaetogaster limnaei limnaei with the snail intermediate host may be of value as a control measure against economically important parasitic diseases such as fascioliasis and schistosomiasis..


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

First report of the parasitic infection in two snail species from Burkina Faso water bodies

Abdulkadi MF, Maikaje DB, Umar YA. 2018. Cercarial diversity in freshwater snails from selected freshwater bodies and its implication for veterinary and public health in Kaduna State, Nigeria. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation 12(2)

Bachtel RZ, Rittenhouse M, Sandland GJ, Koop JAH. 2018. Infection patterns of trematodes across size classes of an invasive snail species using field and laboratory studies. Parasitology 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018001646

Brown D. 2015. Freshwater Snails of Africa and their Medical Importance. Page Taylor & Francis e-Library 53(9), 1689-1699

Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. The Journal of parasitology 575-583. https://doi.org/10.2307/3284227

Callisto M, Moreno P, Gonçalves JF, Ferreira WR, Gomes CLZ. 2005. Malacological assessment and natural infestation of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) by Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) and Chaetogaster limnaei (K. Von Baer, 1827) in an urban eutrophic watershed. Brazilian Journal of Biology 65, 217-228. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842005000200005

Chalkowski K, Morgan A, Lepczyk CA and Zohdy S. 2021. Spread of an avian eye fluke, Philophthalmus gralli, through biological invasion of an intermediate host. Journal of Parasitology 107(2), 336-348. https://doi.org/10.1645/20-72

Chontananarth T, Tejangkura T, Wetchasart N, Chimburut C. 2017. Morphological characteristics and phylogenetic trends of trematode cercariae in freshwater snails from Nakhon Nayok Province, Thailand. The Korean journal of parasitology 55(1), 47. https://doi.org /10.3347 /kjp.2017.55.1.47

Cisse M, Sangare I, Djibougou AD, Tahita MC, Gnissi S, Bassinga JKW, Konda S, Diallo AH. 2021. Prevalence and risk factors of Schistosoma mansoni infection among preschool-aged children from Panamasso village, Burkina Faso. Parasites & vectors 14(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071

Coulibaly G, Leye B, Tazen F, Mounirou LA, Karambiri H. 2020. Urban flood modeling using 2D shallow-water equations in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Water 12(8), 2120.

Dechruksa W, Krailas D, Ukong S, Inkapatanakul W, Koonchornboon T. 2007. Trematode infections of the freshwater snail family Thiaridae in the Khek river, Thailand. Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health 38(6), 1016-1028

Deka MA. 2020. Mapping the Geographic Distribution of Tungiasis in Sub-Saharan Africa. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 5(3), 1-20 https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5030122

Duan Y, AlJubury A, Kania PW, Buchmann K. 2021. Trematode diversity reflecting the community structure of Danish freshwater systems: molecular clues. Parasites and Vectors 14(1), 1-15

Dudgeon D. 1989. Ecological strategies of Hong Kong Thiaridae (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia). Malacol. Rev 22, 39-53

Frandsen F, Christensen. 1984. An introductory guide to the identification of Cercariae from african freshwater snails with special reference to cercariae of trematode species of medical and veterinary importance. Acta Tropical 41, 181- 202.

Gabrielli AF, Toure S, Sellin B, Sellin E, Ky C, Ouedraogo H. 2006. A combined school- and community-based campaign targeting all school-age children of Burkina Faso against schistosomiasis and soil- transmitted helminthiasis: performance, fnancial costs and implications for sustainability. Acta Tropical 99(2-3), 234-242.

Gibson D, Jones A, Bray R. 2002. Keys to the Trematoda, volume I. CAB International and Natural History Museum, Wallingford and London, UK.

Guralnick R, Hall E, Perkins S. 2004. A comparative approach to understanding causes and consequences of mollusc–digenean size relationships: A case study with allocreadiid trematodes and Cyclocalyx clams. Journal of Parasitology 90(6), 1253-1262. DOI: 10.1645/GE-332R1.

Hechinger RF, Lafferty KD, Mancini FT, Warner RR, Kuris AM. 2008. How large is the hand in the puppet? Ecological and evolutionary factors affecting body mass of 15 trematode parasitic castrators in their snail host. Evolutionary Ecology 23(5), 651-667.

Heneberg P, Rojas A, Bizos J, Kockava L, Mala M, Rojas D. 2014. Focal Philophthalmus gralli infection possibly persists in Melanoides tuberculata over two years following the definitive hosts’ removal. Parasitology international 63(6), 802-807.

Hung N, Madsen H, Fried B. 2013. Global status of fish-borne zoonotic trematodiasis in humans. Acta Parasitologica 58(3), 231-258; https://doi.org /10.2478 /s11686-013-0155-5.

Ibrahim M. 2007. Population dynamics of Chaetogaster Limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae) in the field populations of freshwater snails and its implications as a potential regulator of trematode larvae community. Parasitology Research 101(1), 25-33.

Jung WT, Lee KJ, Kim HJ, Kim TH, Na BK, Sohn WM. 2014. “A case of Echinostoma cinetorchis (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) infection diagnosed by colonoscopy.” The Korean journal of parasitology 52(3), 287-290. https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2014.

Keeney DB, Boessenkool S, King TM, Leung TLF, Poulin R. 2008. Effects of interspecific competition on asexual proliferation and clonal genetic diversity in larval trematode infections of snails. Parasitology 135(6), 741-747. https:// doi.org/10.1017/S0031182008004435

Koudenoukpo ZC, Odountan OH. 2020. Checklist of the fresh and brackish water snails (Mollusca, Gastropoda) of Bénin and adjacent West African ecoregions. ZooKeys 942, 21-64.

Kuris AM, Lafferty KD. 1994. Community structure: larval trematodes in snail hosts. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 25(1), 189-217.

Lu XT, Gu QY, Limpanont Y, Song LG, Wu ZD, Okanurak K, Lv ZY. 2018. Snail-borne parasitic diseases: an update on global epidemiological distribution, transmission interruption and control methods. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 7, 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0414-7 28(7).

Malek EA. 1981. Freshwater snails of Africa and their medical importance. The American Journal of Tropical Medecine and Hygiene. DOI: 10.4269/ ajtmh.1981.30.744

Mereta ST, Bedewi J, Yewhalaw D, Mandefro B, Abdie Y, Tegegne D, Birke W, Mulat WL, Kloos H. 2019. Environmental determinants of distribution of freshwater Snails and trematode infection in the Omo Gibe River Basin, Southwest Ethiopia. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 8(1), 93.

Mitchell DR, Leung TL. 2016. Sharing the Load: A Survey of parasitism in the invasive freshwater Pulmonate, Physa Acuta (Hygrophila: Physidae) and sympatric native snail Populations. Hydrobiologia 766(1), 165-172.

Mohammed NA, Madsen H, Ahmed AA. 2016. Types of trematodes infecting freshwater snails found in irrigation canals in the East Nile locality, Khartoum, Sudan. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 5(1), 16.

Mukaratirwa S, Hove T, Cindzi ZM, Maononga DB, Taruvinga M, Matenga E. 2005. First report of an outbreak of the oriental eye-fluke, Philophthalmus gralli (Mathis & Leger 1910), in commercially reared ostriches (Struthio camelus) in Zimbabwe. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 72(3), 203-206.

Nasr M. 1941. The Occurrence of Prohemistomum vivax (Sonsino, 1892) Azim, 1933. Infection in Man, with a redescription of the Parasite. Laboratory and Medical Progress 2(2).

Oliveira CDL, Oliveira CYB. 2018. Growth parameters of the invasive gastropod Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774) (Gastropoda, Thiaridae) in a semiarid region, Northeastern Brazil, Acta Scientiarum, Biological Sciences 41, e45720, 9 p. DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v41i1.45720

Oliver LC, Schneiderman M. 1956. A method for estimating the density of aquatic snail population. Exp Parasitol 5, 109-117.

Opisa S, Odiere MR, Jura WG, Karanja DM, Mwinzi PN. 2011. Malacological survey and geographical distribution of vector snails for schistosomiasis within informal settlements of Kisumu City, Western Kenya. Parasites & Vectors 4(1), 226.

Ouedraogo I, Oueda A, Sirima D, Ouedraogo I, Guenda W, Kabré GB. 2015. Assessment of benthic molluscs diversity and distribution in urban reservoirs (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso). International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 9(4), 2066-2077.

Azim MA. 1933. On Prohemistomum vivax (Sonsino, 1892) and its development from Cercaria vivax Sonsino, 1892. Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 5(2), 432-436.

Papkou A, Gokhale CS, Traulsen A, Schulenburg H. 2016. Host–parasite coevolution: why changing population size matters. Zoology 119(4), 330-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.201

Perez-Saez J, Mande T, Ceperleya N, Bertuzzoa E, Maric L, Gattoc M, Rinaldo A. 2016. Hydrology and density feedbacks control the ecology of intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis across habitats in seasonal climates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(23), 6427-6432.

Poda JN, Sanogo S. 1994. “Distribution spatiale des mollusques hôtes intermédiaires potentiels des schistosomes et de leurs biotopes au Burkina Faso.” OCCGE-Informations

Poda JN. 1996. Spatial distribution of intermediate hosts of schistosomes in Burkina Faso: factors influencing the dynamics of Bulinus truncatus rohlfsi and Bulinus senegalensis. PhD.

Pointier JP, Thaler L, Pernot AF, Delay B. 1993. Invasion of the Martinique island by the parthenogenetic snail Melanoides tuberculata & the succession of morphs. Acta Oecologica 14(1), 33-42

Sah R, Khadka S, Hamal R, Poudyal S. 2018. Human echinostomiasis: a case report. BMC research notes 11(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018

Sansarricq H. 1959. Schistosomiasis due to Schistosoma haematobium in the Upper Volta in the Region of Bobo-Dioulasso. Medecine Tropicale 19(3), 345-349.

Sellin B, Simonkovich E, Ovazza L, Sellin E, Desfontaine M, Rey JL. 1982. Valeur de l’examen macroscopique des urines et des bandelettes réactives pour la détection de l’hématurie et de la protéinurie dans le diagnostic de masse de la schistosomiase urinaire, avant et après traitement. Medecine Tropicale 42, 521-526

Sousa WP. 1993. Interspecific antagonism and species coexistence in a diverse guild of larval trematode Parasites. Ecological Monographs 63, 103-128. DOI: 10.2307/2937176

Standley CJ, Dobson AP, Stothard JR. 2012. Out of animals and back again: schistosomiasis as a zoonosis in Africa. Schistosomiasis. InTech: 209-230. DOI: 10.5772/25567

Tchakonté S, Ajeagah GA, Diomande D, Camara AI. 2014. Diversity, dynamic and ecology of freshwater snails related to environmental factors in urban and suburban streams in Douala–Cameroon (Central Africa). Aquatic ecology 48(4), 379-395

Tina Liu HT, Resh VH. 1997. Abundance and microdistribution of freshwater gastropods in three streams of Moorea, French Polynesia. Annls Limnol 33(4), 235-244

Von Bertalanffy L. 1938. A quantitative theory of organic growth (inquiries on growth laws. II). Human biology 10(2), 181-213.

Wajdi NAK. 1963. Studies on the larval development of Schistosomes.

Zongo D, Kabre BG, Dayeri D, Savadogo B, Poda JN. 2013. Profil parasitologique de deux formes de schistosomiase (formes urinaire et intestinale) dans dix sites du Burkina Faso (pays d’Afrique sub-saharienne). Comptes Rendus Biologies 336(5-6), 317-319. https://doi.org/10.1016 /j.crvi. 2013.04.014