Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Fish biodiversity and conservation status of the Dhepa river sanctuary in protection and restoration of threatened fishes of the northwest Bangladesh

Research Paper | January 1, 2017

| Download 6

Imran Parvez, Hrisikesh Sarker Sujan, Md. Ashraful Alam, Mst. Nahid Akter, Kalipada Roy, Md. Rezoanul Haque

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 1), 183-190, January 2017


JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


A fish sanctuary has established at the Dhepa river basin in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh to protect the threatened fishes. The present fish biodiversity status and the impacts of the sanctuary on the protection and restoration of fishes were mapped from January to December 2015 through an extensive survey and fish sample collection. A total of 55 freshwater fishes including 48 indigenous species and 7 exotic species were identified from the Dhepa river fish sanctuary. The fishes belong to 43 genera, 8 orders and 18 families. Cypriniformes was the most dominant order (51%), followed by siluriformes (19%), perciformes (19%), osteoglossiformes (3%), beloniformes, clupeiformes, cynbranchiformes, and tetraodontiformes (2%). Among 18 families, cyprinidae was the most dominant with 40% of the total fishes. According to the updated red list, 48 indigenous fishes were grouped into 6 endangered (EN), 5 vulnerable (VU), 9 near threatened (NT) and 24 least concerned (LC) categories. A cluster diagram using the un-weighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) algorithm was constructed that depicted the direct correlation of LC, VU, CR, EN and NT categories while the not threatened (NO) and data deficient (DD) were not related to the other categories. It may be assumed that fishes under LC go towards the endangered category. The questionnaire survey categorized the collected fishes into abundantly available (22), moderately available (23) and rarely available (03). The conservation of fishes found in the category of least concerned, moderately available and rarely available are extremely desired for the protection and restoration of the threatened fishes of the northwest Bangladesh.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Fish biodiversity and conservation status of the Dhepa river sanctuary in protection and restoration of threatened fishes of the northwest Bangladesh

Abell R, Thieme M, Lehner B. 2003. Eco-region conservation for freshwater systems, with a focus on large rivers. In: RL Welcomme and T Peter (Editors), Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Management of Large Rivers for Fisheries Volume -2. Food and Agriculture Organization and Mekong river Commission. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok. RAP Publication 2004/17. 1-14.

Ahmed KKU, Hambrey JB. 2005. Studies on the fish catch efficiency of different types of fishing gear in Kaptai Reservoir, Bangladesh. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management 10, 221-234. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1770.2005.00280.x.

Ahmed K, Ahmed M. 2002. Fish Sanctuary; necessity, practice and prospects. Technical Assistance for Rural Development, Dhaka 165.

Alam MS, Mohammad S, Hossain, Mohammad M, Monwar, Mohammad E, Hoque, Faiz M, Taimur. 2013. Check-list of bony fish collected from the Upper Halda River, Chittagong, Bangladesh. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation International Journal of the Bioflux Society 6(4), 333-338.

Amin R, Ahammad S, Amin HA, Mehbub F, Miah MU. 2010. Biodiversity study of SIS (Small Indigenous Species) of fish in Northwest part of Bangladesh and detection of threatened species. Biological Diversity and Conservation 3(1), 56-65.

Azher SA, Dewan S, Wahab MA, Habib MAB and Mustafa GM. 2007. Impacts of fish sanctuaries on production and biodiversity of fish and prawn in Dopi beel, Joanshahi haor, Kishoregonj. Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries (Special Issue) 30, 23-36.

Bhuiyan SS, Joadder MAR, Bhuiyan AS. 2008. Occurrence of Fishes and Non- fin fishes of the River Padma near Rajshahi, Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 27, 99-100. www.dx.doi.org/10.3329/ujzru.v27i0.1965.

Chaki N, Jahan S, Fahad MFH, Galib SM, Mohsin ABM. 2014. Environment and fish fauna of the Atrai River: global and local conservation perspective. Journal of Fisheries 2(3), 163-172. DOI: 10.17017/ jfish.v2i3.2014.46.

FRSS. 2015. Fisheries Statistical Report of Bangladesh. Fisheries Resources Survey System (FRSS). Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh 31-57.

Galib SM, Naser SMA, Mohsin ABM, Chaki N, Fahad FH. 2013. Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5(6), 389-395. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC 2013.0552.

Hasan SJ, Flura, Alam A, Shafiqul AKMS, Haider I, Karim E. 2013. Ecological Aspects and Affectivity of Biodiversity Restoration of Baikka Beel, International Journal of Business, Social and Scientific Research 01, 09-16.

Haque MMU. 2013. Impacts of Baikka beel sanctuary on protection and restoration of fish diversity and enhancement of local livelihoods. Connecting communities and conservation: Co-management initiatives by IPAC in wetlands and forests of Bangladesh. USAID/ Bangladesh 177-191.

Hossain SM, Das NG, Sarker S, Rahaman MZ. 2012. Fish diversity and habitat relationship with environmental variables at Meghna river estuary, Bangladesh. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 38, 213-226. www.dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2012.12.006.

Imteazzaman AM, Galib SM. 2013. Fish Fauna of Halti Beel, Bangladesh. International Journal of Current Research 5(1), 287-290.

Islam SM. 2014. Study on fish biodiversity of Ashura beel in Dinajpur district. MS thesis. Department of Fisheries Management, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur.

IUCN Bangladesh, 2000. Red Book of Threatened Fishes of Bangladesh. IUCN the World Conservation Union, XII. 116.

IUCN. 2013. Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2

IUCN. 2016. Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.1

Jenkins M, Williamson D. 2003. Biodiversity and the ecosystem approach in agriculture, forestry and fisheries Proceedings. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy 100-116.

Lakra WS. 2010. Fish Biodiversity of Uttar Pradesh: Issues of Livelihood Security, Threats and Conservation. National conference on Biodiversity, Development Poverty Alleviation. Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, India 40-45.

Lima FP, Latini AO, Junior M. 2010. Environment perception by alien fish dispersal in Brazilian tropic lakes. Interciencia  35(2), 84-91.

Mohsin ABM, Haque ME. 2009. Diversity of Fishes of Mahananda River at Chapainawabganj District. Research Journal of Biology and Science 4(7), 828-831.

Mondol MMR, Hossain MY, Rahman MM. 2015. Check List of Fish Availability in the Karatoya River, Bangladesh. World Journal of Zoology 10(1), 17-21. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wjz.2015.10.1.91149.

Mukherjee M, Praharaj A, Das S. 2002. Conservation of Endangered Fish Stocks Through Artificial Propagation and Larval Rearing Technique in West Bengal, India. Aquaculture Asia 7(2), 8-11.

Parvez I, Mostakim GM, Ali MR, Sujan HS, Alam MA. 2014. Present Status and Potential Risks of Fishes of Northwest Bangladesh. The Festschrift on the 50th Anniversary of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 102.

Rahman AKM. 2005. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, second edition. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh 263.

Rahman MM, Hossain MY, Ahamed F, Fatematuzzhura BR, Abdullah EM, Ohtomi J. 2012. Biodiversity in the Padma Distributary of the Ganges River, North-western References 61 Bangladesh: Recommendations for Conservation. World Journal Zoology 7(4), 328-337. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wjz.2012.7.4.6634.

Rao JCS, Raju CHS, Simhachalam G. 2014. Biodiversity and Conservation Status of Fishes of River Sarada, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Research Journal of Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences 2(2), 1-8.

Rixon CAM, Duggan IC, Bergeron NMN, Ricciardi A, Macisaac H. 2013. Invasion Risks Posed by the Aquarium Trade and Live Fish Markets on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Biodiversity Conservation 14, 1365-1381. DOI 10.1007/s10531-004-9663-9.

Saha BK, Hossain MA. 2007. Saldu Beel Fishery of Taingail. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 30(2), 187-194.

Sayeed MA. 2010. Fish biodiversity in the chalan beel, a natural depression in North West Bangladesh. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, BAU, Mymensingh.

Talwar PK, Jingran AG. 1991. Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, Volume No.2, New Delhi. 936-1023.

Vyas V, Damde V, Parashar V. 2012. Fish Biodiversity of Betwa River in Madhya Pradesh, India with special reference to a sacred ghat. International Journal of Biodiversity Conservation 4(2), 71-77.