Int. J. Biosci.3(12), 65-72, December 2013
The Present study deals with fish diversity of Indus River at Beka Swabi. The main aim of this study is to know whether this area of Indus river is rich in fish fauna or not. Present study was conducted for four months that was from November 2012 to February 2013. In this duration 14 species were reported, in which, 04 species were reported in November, 02 species were reported in December, 02 species were reported in January and 06 species were reported in February. These 14 species belong to 05 orders, 05 families, and 11 genera. Orders were Cypriniformes, Siluriformes, Beloniformes, Mastecembeliformes and Channiformes. Families were Cyprinidea, Bagridae, Belonidae, Mestacembelidae and Channidae. Genera were Rasbora, Cyprinus, Labeo, Catla, Tor, Channa, Mystus, Ompok, Xenentedon and Mastacembelus. Species were Rasbora daniconius, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Labeo rohita, Catla catla, Tor putitora, Channa punctatus, Channa gachua, Mystus vittatus, Mystus bleekeri,Ompok pabda, Xenentedon cancila and Mastacembelus armatus. According to this survey of fish diversity of Indus River at Beka Swabi, the family Cyprinidea was richest family which consists of 07 species, while second richest family was Bagridae which consist of 03 species, third richest family was family Channidae which consist of 02 species and remaining each family consist of single species. It’s also concluded from such study that present area of Indus river is rich in fish fauna.
Ahmad N, Chaudhry GR. 1988. Irrigated Agriculture of Pakistan.
Bone Q, Moore RH. 2008. Biology of Fishes. 418– 422, Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 978-0-415-37562-7
Carey FG, Lawson KD. 1973. Temperature regulation in free-swimming blue fin tuna. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A:Physiology 44(2), 375–392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(73)90490-8
Fairley J. 1975. The Lion River: The Indus. ISBN: 0381982726/9780381982720.
Goldman KJ. 1997. Regulation of body temperature in the white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, Journal of comparative physiology, Biochemical systematic and environmental physiology 167(6), 423-429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003600050092
Gulhati ND. 1968. The Indus and its tributaries in mountains and river of India. Edition B.C.Law. 348-355. National committee for Geography, Culeutta, 21st international Geography Congress, India.
Hogan MC. 2011. Ross Sea. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC.
Helfman G, Collette B, Facey D . 1997. The Diversity of Fishes. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-86542-256-7.
Jayaram KC. 1981. The fresh water fishes of the India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Srilanka. A hand book Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.
Jayaram KC. 1999. The fresh water fishes of Indian region .Narendra publishing house, Delhi, India.
Kureshy KU. 1977. A Geography of Pakistan, 4th edition. ISBN: 0195772229 9780195772227.
Lambrick HT. 1975. Sind: A General Introduction, 2nd edition. ISBN: 0195772202 / 0-19-577220-2.
Mirza MR, Sandhu AA. 2007. Fishes of Punjab, Pakistan. First edition, Ploymer Publication. Rahat Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore.
Michel AA. 1967. The Indus Rivers: A Study of the Effects of Partition. ISBN: 0300007701/ 9780300007701.
Nelson JS. 2006. Fishes of the World.4th edition. ISBN: 978-0-471-25031-9.
Peter RB. 1995. Pakistan: A Country Study, 6th edition. ISBN: 0844408344/978-0844408347.
Rafique M. 2000.Fish diversity and distribution in Indus River and its drainage system. Pakistan Journal Zoology 32(4), 321-332. http://dx.doi.org/0030/2000/0004-0332
Talwar PK, Jhingran AG, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries, 02 volumes, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, India.
Wellcome RL. 1985. River Fisheries.FAO fisheries technical paper No: 262. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nation, Rome.