Flood simulation using geospatial and hydrologic models in Manupali Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines

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Research Paper 01/03/2018
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Flood simulation using geospatial and hydrologic models in Manupali Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines

George R. Puno, Rose Angelica L. Amper, Bryan Allan M. Talisay
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 3), 294-303, March 2018.
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Application of geographic information system (GIS) and Hydrologic Engineering Center’s (HEC) Hydrologic Modeling System and River Analysis System model using light detection and ranging (LiDAR)-derived digital elevation model (DEM) dataset to simulate floods at different return periods was conducted. The developed model for Manupali Watershed in Bukidnon, Philippines was calibrated using the May 23, 2016, flood event. The overall model performance was good with 0.65, 18.96, and 0.59 for the root Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency, percent bias, and root mean square error statistics, respectively. The simulated discharge and rainfall intensity duration frequency data were used to simulate flood events for 5-, 25- and 100-year return periods. Flood hazard maps generated within the GIS environment were classified into three different level depths corresponding to low, medium and high, respectively. Maps were validated through interviews and focus group discussions with the localities. The used of LiDAR datasets with hydrologic and GIS models able to generate high resolution and updated flood hazard maps useful in making more precise decisions and actions relative to disaster risk reduction management and mitigation.


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