Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Floristic analysis of Badro Mountain (Khirthar range), District Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan

Research Paper | July 1, 2019

| Download 8

Muzafar H. Sirohi, Ameer A. Mirbahar, Shakeel A. Khaskheli, Naeema K. Khaskheli, Bahram Chachar, Abdul Majid, Mumtaz A. Saand

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.15( 1), 270-276, July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.1.270-276


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The Badro Mountain is a part of Kirthar Mountain range, which is important for its ecological value and conservation of species and habitats. The areas is becoming popular among the tourists and nature lovers for its wide variety of ecological features which support the range of biological diversity. We surveyed the Badro Mountain and its base area for floristic inventory. The entire collected plant specimens were processed through recommended methods for drying and preparing herbarium sheets and preserved, for future reference, at Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC), Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU), Khairpur, Sindh. The study recorded 64 floral species of 25 plant families. The species of family Poaceae (21%), Fabaceae (14%), and Apocynaceae (6%) were found to be more frequent in the study area. More than 75% of the identified species were perennial. The vegetation was dominated by a higher number of shrub species (40%) followed by herbs (38%). The analysis revealed the Phanerophyte (36%) and Chamaephyte (27%) as a common life forms of the species. The study also recorded a critically endangered species, Convolvulus scindicus (Convolulaceae). Conservative measures are required to protect the declining population of threatened species. The study demonstrates vegetation variations and plant biodiversity conservation in arid mountainy region of Kirthar ranges of Sindh.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Floristic analysis of Badro Mountain (Khirthar range), District Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan

Abbas H, Qaiser M. 2011. Convolvulus scindicus: Conservation assessment and strategies to avoid extirpation. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 1685– 1690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.08.073

Al-Hawshabi OSS. 2017. Floristic Composition, Life-forms and Chorotypes of Al-Asabah region, Ash Shamayatayn District, Taiz Governorate, Yemen. Feddes Repertorium 128, 42–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fedr.201600015

Ali S, Nasir YJ. (eds). 1989-92. Flora of Pakistan (No 91-204). Karachi.

Ali SI, Qaiser M. (eds). 1993-2007. Flora of Pakistan (No. 191-215). Karachi.

Barlow J, Lennox GD, Ferreira J, Berenguer E, Lees AC, Nally RM, Thomson JR, Ferraz S, Frosini DB, Louzada J, Oliveira VHF, Parry L, Ribeiro De Castro Solar R, Vieira ICG, Aragaõ LEOC, Begotti RA, Braga RF, Cardoso TM, Raimundo CO, Souza CM, Moura NG, Nunes SS, Siqueira JV, Pardini R, Silveira JM, Vaz-De-Mello FZ, Veiga RCS, Venturieri A, Gardner TA. 2016. Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation. Nature 535, 144–147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature18326

de Boer HJ, Lammertsma EI, Wagner-Cremer F, Dilcher DL, Wassen MJ, Dekker SC. 2011. Climate forcing due to optimization of maximal leaf conductance in subtropical vegetation under rising CO2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 4041–4046. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1100555108

Charan PD, Sharma KC. 2016. Floral diversity of Thar Desert of western Rajasthan, India. Journal of Phytological Research 29, 55–71.

Enright NJ, Miller BP, Akhter R. 2005. Desert vegetation and vegetation-environment relationships in Kirthar National Park, Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Arid Environments 61, 397–481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.09.009

Hautier Y, Tilman D, Isbell F, Seabloom EW, Borer ET, Reich PB. 2015. Anthropogenic environmental changes affect ecosystem stability via biodiversity. Science 348, 336–340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa1788

Hussain MI, Perveen A. 2009. Plant biodiversity and phytosociological attributes of Tiko Baran (Khirthar range). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 581–586.

Hussain MI, Perveen A. 2015. Phytosociological attributes of the plant biodiversity of the fort ranikot and adjoining area (kirthar range). Pakistan Journal of Botany 47, 927–935.

Isbell F, Tilman D, Polasky S, Loreau M. 2014. The biodiversity-dependent ecosystem service debt. Ecology Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12393

Jafri SMH. 1966. The Flora of Karachi Pakistan. The Book Corporation: Karachi.

Lammertsma EI, Boer HJ d., Dekker SC, Dilcher DL, Lotter AF, Wagner-Cremer F. 2011. Global CO2 rise leads to reduced maximum stomatal conductance in Florida vegetation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 4035–4040. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1100371108

Mehmood A, Khan SM, Shah AH, Shah AH, Ahmad H. 2015. First floristic exploration of the district Torghar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47, 57–70.

Missouri Botanical Garden. 2018. Flora of Pakistan: Pakistan plant database [online] Available from:  (Accessed 15 November 2018). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan

Müller C. 2002. Nannoplankton biostratigraphy of the Kirthar and Sulaiman Ranges, Pakistan. CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 237, 15–24.

Perveen A, Hussain MI. 2007. Plant biodiversity and phytosociological attributes of Gorakh hill (Khirthar range). Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 691–698.

Raunkiaer C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.

Roy BB, Pandey S. 1971. Expansion or Contraction of the Great Indian Desert. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 36, 331–334.

Smith WG. 1913. Raunkiaer’s “Life-Forms” and Statistical Methods. The Journal of Ecology 1, 16-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2255456

Sodhi NS, Ehrlich PR. 2010. Conservation Biology for all. Sodhi NS and Ehrlich PR (eds). Oxford University Press. Oxford, Great Britain.

Wariss HM, Mukhtar M, Anjum S, Bhatti GR, Pirzada SA, Alam K. 2013. Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. American Journal of Plant Sciences 04, 58–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009