Int. J. Biosci.18(5), 29-37, May 2021
Fasiakhali Wildlife Sanctuary (FWS) is one of the protected area comprises a significant part of tropical forest in Bangladesh. The pure natural forest patches are being encroached and degraded day by day due to illegal felling by local peoples. A study was conducted during October 2011 to December 2012 to assess the floristic composition of FWS. The study revealed that the sanctuary was dominated by large garjan (Dipterocarpus turbinatus) trees followed by co-dominant jam (Syzygium cumini). Total 46 plant species belonging to 27 families were recorded where 13 tree species belonging to 11 families are available. Within the plant species, there were also 14 shrub and 19 herb species recorded belonging to 11 families and 9 families respectively. Among these, Poaceae family was the highest number of herb species. The highest Importance Value Index (IVI) was represented for Dipterocarpus turbinatus (91.6) followed by Syzygium cumini (60.77), Acacia auriculiformis (48.8) and Tectona grandis (46.11) respectively. Total 6 naturally regenerating tree species were recorded where the highest IVI was represented for Syzygium cumini (105.79) followed by Dipterocarpus turbinatus (96.98). The outcome of study suggests for the protection, sustainable management, and conservation of the FWS to restore a better quality forest ecosystem with plant diversity.
Alam MK. 1982. A guide to eighteen species of bamboo. Bulletin 2. Plant Taxonomy Series, Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Anon. 1992. Forestry Master Plan (FMP) of Bangladesh. Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of Bangladesh.
Baten SA. 1991. Forestry situation in Bangladesh and problems related to forest conservation and protection. In: Zabala NQ, Baten SA, Rahman LM. (eds.) proceeding of a training course on conservation and protection of forest heritage in Bangladesh, 1-10.
BBS. 1994. Statistical year book of Bangladesh. 12 th edition, Bangladesh Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, p 628.
Byron N. 1984. People’s forestry- a novel perspective of forestry Bangladesh. ADAB News, Dhaka 11, 31-37.
Dey TK. 2006. Useful Plants of Bangladesh. 2nd eds. The Ad Communication. 385 Anderkilla, Chittagong-4000, p 1056.
Douglas JJ. 1982. Consumption and supply of wood and bamboo in Bangladesh. Field document no. 2, UNDP/FAO Project, BGD/78/010, Planning Commission, Dhaka, p n162.
Feeroz MM, Hasan MK, Hossain MK. 2012. Biodiversity of Protected Areas of Bangladesh. Vol. II: Dudhpukuria-Dhopachari Wildlife Sanctuary. Bio Track. Arannayk Foundation, p 224.
Felfili JM, Rezende AV, Silva JCD, Silva MA. 2000. Changes in the floristic composition of cerrado sensu stricto in Brazil over a nine year period. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16(4), 579-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467400001589
Hoque ASMR, Hossen S, Akhter J. 2021. Socio-economic Condition of People and their Involvement with Co-management in Fasiakhali Wildlife Sanctuary (FWS), Bangladesh. Indian Forester 147(3), 311-313. http://dx.doi.org/10.36808/if/2021/v147i3/152247
Hossain MK. 2001. A review of forest diversity conservation in Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry and Environment 1(1), 102-110.
Hossain MK, Hossain MA. 2014. Biodiversity of Chunuti Wildlife Sanctuary: Flora. Arannayk Foundation and Bangladesh Forest Department. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Hossen S, Hossain MK. 2018. Conservation status of tree species in Himchari National Park of Cox’sBazar, Bangladesh. Journal of Biodiversity Conservation and Bioresource Management 4(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcbm.v4i2.39842
Hossen S, Hossain MK, Uddin MF. 2019. Restoration and rehabilitation potential of the remnant natural forests of Himchari National Park (HNP) in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Forestry 3(1), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.13057/asianjfor/r030104
Hossain MK, Alim A, Hossen S, Hossain MA, Rahman A. 2020. Diversity and Conservation status of tree species in Hazarikhil Wildlife Sanctuary (HWS) of Chittagong, Bangladesh. Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes 4(4), 298-305. https://doi.org/10.1080/24749508.2019.1694131
Hossen S, Hossain MK, Hossain MA, Uddin MF. 2021. Quantitative assessment of tree species diversity of Himchari National Park (HNP) in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Forestry 5(1), 1-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.13057/asianjfor/r050101
IPAC. 2010. State of Bangladesh’s Forest Protected Areas, 2010. Integrated Protected Area Co-management (IPAC). Forest Department, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
IPAC. 2012 a. Integrated Protected Area Co-management (IPAC) Project, Chakaria Site Office, Southeastern cluster. Forest Department, Ministry of Forest and Environment. Government of Bangladesh.
Islam SS. 2003. State of forest genetic resources conservation and management in Bangladesh, In: Forest genetic resources working papers, FGR/68E. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Khan MS. 1990. The Flora of Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary: A Preliminary Survey Report, National Resource Information Center Project, Bangladesh p 31.
Khan MS. 1996. National Obligations in the Implementation of the Conservation of Biological Diversity: Bangladesh perspective, BARC, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, 162-172.
Pandey SK, Shukla RP. 2003. Plant diversity in managed sal (Shorea robusta) forests of Gorakhpur, India: species composition, regeneration and conservation. Biodiversity conservation 12(11), 2295-2319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024589230554
Rahman SS. 2011. Identifying appropriate conservation strategies and their importance for the local people in Bangladesh. Institute of Silviculture, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
Sajib NH, Uddin SB, Islam MS. 2016. Vascular Plant Diversity and their Distribution Pattern in Sandwip Island, Chittagong, Bangladesh, J. Biodivers Manage Forestry 5(2), 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2327-4417.1000159
Shankar U. 2001. A case of high tree diversity in a sal (Shorea robusta) dominated low land forest of Eastern Himalaya: Floristic composition, regeneration and conservation. Current sciences 81 (7), 776-787.
Swampy PS, Sundarapandian SM, Chandrasekar P, Chandrasekaran S. 2000. Plant species diversity and tree population structure of a humid tropical forest in Tamil Nadu, India. Biodiversity conservation 9(12), 1643-1669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026511812878
Timilsina N, Ross MS, Heinen JT. 2007. A community analysis of sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the Western Terai of Nepal. Forest ecology management 241(1), 223-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.01.012
Webb EL, Sah RN. 2003. Structure and diversity of natural and managed sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the Terai of Nepal. Forest ecology management 176(1), 337-353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00272-4