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Food and Feeding Habitat Analysis of various Fish Species Collected from River Sutlej, Punjab in relation to physico-chemical water quality parameters

Research Paper | February 1, 2020

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Saman Nadeem, Kashifa Naghma Waheed, Muhammad Zafarullah, Muhammad Ashraf, Shahid Sherzada, Hira Nadeem

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 2), 252-264, February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.252-264


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A study of the food and feeding habits of fish is very important in any Fisheries research programme since feeding habitats are related with the digestive system of the fishes which differ from one species to another. In this study, food and feeding habits of selected fish species from River Sutlej has been described. The dissection and analysis of alimentary canal of various fish species samples was done for collection of different types, numbers and composition of microorganisms available in relation to the selected site of River Sutlej. The quality as well as quantity of microorganism species was analyzed with the help of Sedgwick-Rafter counting Chamber. The physico-chemical parameters of water were also analyzed and their impact was correlated with the feeding habits of fish species as well as occurrence of microorganisms found at sampling sites. The microorganisms were higher in number in gut contents of fish samples collected from River Sutlej as compared to a previous study conducted at River Ravi due to higher levels of contamination of water at the later site. Most of the microorganisms observed in gut contents of fish species were of the families Chlorophyceae, Myxophyceae and Bacillariophyceae. The results indicated that Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala were mainly herbivorous while Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus both were found to be omnivorous.


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Food and Feeding Habitat Analysis of various Fish Species Collected from River Sutlej, Punjab in relation to physico-chemical water quality parameters

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