Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2014

VIEWS 3
| Download

Foraging and pollination activity of Macronomia vulpina (Gerstaecker, 1857) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) flowers at Maroua, Cameroon

Dounia, Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.4(3), 1-10, March 2014

Certification:

IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To evaluate the impact of Macronomia vulpina (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) on bolls and seeds of Gossypium hirsutum, its foraging and pollinating activities were studied in Maroua, during two seasons of flowering (August-October 2010 and 2011). Treatments included unlimited flowers access by all visitors, bagged flowers to avoid all visits and limited visits of Macronomia vulpina. Observations were made on 30 to 100 flowers per treatment. In addition, all flower visitors were recorded. The bee’s seasonal rhythm of activity, its foraging behavior on flowers, its pollination efficiency, the fruiting rate, the number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds were recorded. Among individuals from 40 species of insects recorded on flowers of Gossypium hirsutum after two seasons of observations, Macronomia vulpina was second with 7.5% and 6.52% of visits in 2010 and 2011 respectively. This bee intensely and exclusively foraged for pollen, almost throughout the day, with a peak between 8 and 9am. The foraging speed was 14.92 ± 8.24 flowers per minute. Macronomia vulpina foraging resulted in a significant increase in the fruiting rate by 7.50% in 2010 and 6.52% in 2011, as well as the number of seeds per boll by 41.19% in 2010 and 33.85% in 2011, and the percentage of normal seeds (well developed) by 21.83% in 2010 and 16.82% in 2 011. The conservation of Macronomia vulpina nest in cotton plantations is recommended to increase fruit and seed yields of this species.

VIEWS 3

Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Foraging and pollination activity of Macronomia vulpina (Gerstaecker, 1857) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) flowers at Maroua, Cameroon

Ahmed HMH, Sidding MA and El-Sarrag MSA. 1989. Honeybee pollination of some cultivated crops in. “Proceeding 4th International Conference Apiculture in Tropical Climates”, Cairo, 100-108.

Backhaus W. 1993. Colour vision and colour choice behaviour of the honey bee. Apidologie, 24, 309-331.

Basualdo M, Bedascarrasbure E, and De JD0. 2000. Africanized honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) have a greater fidelity to sunflowers than European bees. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2, 304-307.

Brubaker CL and W endel JF. 1993. On the specific status of Gossypium lanceolalum todaro. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 40,165-170.

Cherry JP and Lefflter HR. 1984. Seed Chapter 13. In: RJ Kohel, CF Lewis, eds. Cotton Agrinomy Monograph No. 24 Edition 24. ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, W I, 511-558.

Cotton Australia. 2005. Annual Report 2004-05. Cotton Australia, 91 p.

David J. 1971.  Le  coton  et  l’industrie  cotonnière. Presses Universitaires de France. Vendôme (France) EDIT. N°31 746, 127 p.

Delbrassine S and Rasmont P. 1988. Contribution à l’étude de la pollinisation du colza, Brassica napus L. var oleifera (Moench) Delile, en Belgique. Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux, 23, 123 -152.

Douka C and Tchuenguem FF-N. 2013. Foraging and pollination behavior of Apis mellifera adansonii L. (Hymenoptera, Apidae) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) flowers at Maroua (Cameroon). International Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 45-54.

Dounia and Tchuenguem FF-N. 2013. Foraging and pollination activity of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on flowers of Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) at Maroua, Cameroon. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 33-44.

Eastick R. 2002. Evolution of the potential weediness of transgenic cotton in northen Australia. Report No. Technical Bulletin No 305, Northern territory Government CSIRO and Australian Cotton Cooperative Research centre, Australia. http://cotton.pi.csiro.au/Assets/PDFFiles/TB3051.pdf.

Faegri K and Pijl LVD. 1979. The principle of pollination ecology. 3rd revised ed.,Pergamon Press, Oxford, 244 p.

Green JM and Jones MD. 1953. Isolation of Cotton for seed increase. Agronomy Journal, 45, 366-368.

Kasper ML, Reeson AF, Mackay DA and Austin AD. 2008. Environmental factors influencing daily foraging activity of Vespula germanica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Mediterranean Australia. Insectes Sociaux, 55, 288-296.

Kingha BMT, Tchuenguem FF-N, Ngakou A and Brückner D. 2012. Foraging and pollination activities of Xylocopa olivacea (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundere-Cameroon). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 4, 330-339.

Kuete M, Melingui A, Mounkam J and Nofiele D. 1993. Nouvelle Géographie du Camroun. EDICEF. Paris, 207 p.

Letouzey R. 1985. Notice de la carte phytogéographique du Cameroun au 1/500000. Inst. Carte Intern. Végétation, Toulouse et Institut de recherches Agronomiques, Yaoundé.

Lllewllyn DJ, Tyson C, Constable GA, Duggan B, Beale S and Steel P. 2007. Containment of regulated genetically modified Cotton in the field. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 121, 419-429.

Louveaux J. 1984. Les traitements phytosanitaires et les insects pollinisateurs. In : pollinisation et productions végétales. Pesson P. and Louveaux J. (éds), Paris, 565 -575.

Mazi S, Tchuenguem FF-N and Brückner D. 2013. Foraging and pollination behaviour of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera, Apidae) on Gossypium hirsutum (Malvaceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon). Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 3, 267-280.

McGregor SE. 1976. Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants. Agric. Res. Serv. USDA, Agric. Handb., no 496, 411 p.

Minader/Desa, 2010. Annuaire des Statistiques du Secteur Agricole Campagnes 2007 and 2008. AGRI-STAT (16), 98 p.

Moffet JO, Stith LS, Burkhart CC and Shipman CW. 1975. Honey bee visits to cotton flowers. Environmental Entomology, 4, 203-206.

Moffett JO, 1983. Pollination of Entomophilous hybrid seed parents hybrid Cotton. Chapter 8. In CE Jones, RJ Little, eds. Handbook of experimental pollination biology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 508-514.

Morison N, Vaissière BE, Martin F, Pécaut P, Gambon G. 2000a. Pollinisation de l´artichaut (Cynara scolymus L.) par l´abeille domestique (Apis mellifera L.) en production de semences hybrides sous abris grillagés. Apidologie, 31, 115-128.

Lagière R. 1966. Le Cotonnier. G – P. MAISONNEUVE and LAROSE 11, rue Victor Cousin, 11 PARIS (Ve) EDIT. N° 280 Dépôt légal : 2e trimestre 1966. 305 p.

Mungomery JE and Glassop AJ. 1969. Natural cross-polination of cotton in Central Queensland. Queenland Journal of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, 26, 69-74.

Ooterhuis DM and Jerntedt J. 1999. Morphology and anatomy of the Cotton plant. Chapter 2.1. In: CW Smith, JT Cothren, eds. Cotton: Origim, History, Technology and Production, John W iley and Sons, New York, 175-206.

Pando JB, Tchuenguem FF-N and Tamesse JL. 2011a. Foraging and pollination behaviour of Xylocopa calens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Phaseolus coccineus L. (Fabaceae) flowers at Yaoundé (Cameroon). Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 41, 185-193.

Pando JB, Tchuenguem FF-N and Tamesse JL. 2011b. Pollination and yield responses of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Mill sp.) to the foraging activity of Chalicodoma cincta cincta (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Yaoundé (Cameroon). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 11, 1346-1357.

Pesson P and Louveaux J. 1984. Pollinisation et productions végétales. INRA, Paris, 663 p.

Philippe JM. 1991. La pollinisation par les abeilles: pose des colonies dans les cultures en floraison en vue d’accroître les rendements des productions végétales. EDISUD, La calade, Aix-en-Provence, 179 p.

Richards JS, Stanley JN and Gregg PC. 2005. Viability of cotton and canola pollen on the proboscis of Helicoverpa armigea: implication for spread of trangenes and pollination ecology. Ecological Entomology, 30, 327-333.

Ritchie GL, Bednarz CW, Jost PH and Brown SMO. 2007. Cotton Growth and Development, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service Bulletin, N° 1253.

Rao CM, Nadre KR and Suryanarayana MC. 1996. Studie… on the utility of honey bees on production of foundation seed of cotton cv NCMHH-20. Indian Been Journal, 58, 13-15.

Sasserath-Cole, 1995. Dependence of canopy light distribution on leaf and Canopy structure for two (Gossypuim) species. Agricultural and forest Meteorology, 77, 55-72.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Messi J, Brückner D, Bouba B, Mbofung G and Hencthoya Hemo J. 2004. Foraging and pollination behaviour of the African honey bee (Apis mellifera adansonii) on Callistemon rigidus flowers at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences, 4, 133–140.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Djonwangwé D, Messi J and Brückner D. 2007. Exploitation des fleurs de Entada africana, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Psidium guajava et Trichillia emetica par Apis mellifera adansonii à Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroun). Cameroon Journal of Experimental Biology, 3, 50-60.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Djonwangwe D, Messi J and Brückner D. 2008a. Exploitation of Dichrostachys cinerea, Vitellaria paradoxa, Persea americana and Securidaca longepedunculata flowers by Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 28, 225-233.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Djonwangwé D and Brückner D. 2008b. Foraging behaviour of the African honey bee (Apis mellifera adansonii) on Annona senegalensis, Croton macrostachyus, Psorospermum febrifugum and Syzygium guineense var. guineense at Ngaoundéré (Cameroun). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11, 719 – 725.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Djonwangwe D, Messi J and Bruckner D. 2009a. Activité de butinage et de pollinisation d’Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae) sur les fleurs de Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) à Ngaoundéré (Cameroun). Cameroun Journal of Experimental Biology, 5, 1-9.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Ngakou A and Kengni BS. 2009b. Pollination and yield responses of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) to the foraging activity of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). African Journal of Biotechnology, 8, 1988-1996.

Tchuenguem FF-N, Fameni TS, Mbianda PA, Messi J and Brückner D. 2010. Foraging behaviour of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Combretum nigricans, Erythrina sigmoidea, Lannea kerstingii and Vernonia amygdalina flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 1, 40-47.

Ter Avanesian DV. 1978. The effect of warying the number of pollen grains used in fertilization. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 52, 77-79.

Thomson NJ. 1966. Cotton variety trials in the ord valley, North western Australia: 4 natural crossing of cotton. Empire Cotton Growing Review, 43, 18-21.

Umbeck P, Johnson G, Barton K and Swain W. 1987. Genetically Transformed Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Plant Biotechnology Journal, 5, 263-267.

Vaissières B and Izard D. 1995. La pollinisation, un facteur à ne pas négliger. Fruit et legume, 00, 57 – 60.

Van Deynze AE, Sundstrom FJ and Bradford KJ. 2005. Pollen-mediated gene flow in California Cotton depends on pollinator activity. Crop Science Society of America, 45, 1565-1570.

Wise RR, Sassenrath-Cole GF and Percy RG. 2000. A comparison of leaf anatomy in field-grown Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense. Annals of Botany, 86, 731-738.

Yasuor H, Rio VJ and Rubin B. 2007. Glyphosate induced male sterility in glyphosate-resistant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is associated with inhibition of anther dehiscence and reduced pollen viability. Crop Protection, 26, 363-369.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background