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Forensically important Diptera species associated with Dog carcass (Canis domesticus L.) for a case study in District Mardan, Pakistan

Pir Asmat Ali, Muhammad Zahid, Mudassir Shah, Aftab Alam Sthanadar, Ayaz Ahmad, Tariq Mehmood, Farzana Perveen, Muzafar Shah

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Int. J. Biosci.3(6), 128-134, June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.6.128-134

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Abstract

Forensic Entomology is the scientific methods used by entomologist to calculate the time of an organism death through insect communities as a biological indicator. In the present study, insect fauna identification in dead dog, Canis domesticus (L.) has been used as in substitute of dead human body in tropical region Mardan, a tool for forensic entomology were carried out in five different decomposition stages, fresh, bloat, active decay, advanced decay and dry. The collected Diptera species were Chrysomya rufifacies, Chrysomya megacephala, Parasarcophaga ruficornis, Musca domestica and Piophila casei. Chrysomya rufifacies was first arrived to dog carcass and dominated first stages of decomposition. The average temperature (28.3±1.8-40.4±1.7) was found affected Diptera fauna and rate of decomposition of C. domesticus during the observation period for (11 days from 15 to 25 May 2011). This research will be helpful for forensic entomologist for a case study of death to investigate of crimes in District Mardan of Pakistan.

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Forensically important Diptera species associated with Dog carcass (Canis domesticus L.) for a case study in District Mardan, Pakistan

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