Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Forensically important Diptera species associated with Dog carcass (Canis domesticus L.) for a case study in District Mardan, Pakistan

Research Paper | June 1, 2013

| Download 3

Pir Asmat Ali, Muhammad Zahid, Mudassir Shah, Aftab Alam Sthanadar, Ayaz Ahmad, Tariq Mehmood, Farzana Perveen, Muzafar Shah

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.3( 6), 128-134, June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.6.128-134


IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Forensic Entomology is the scientific methods used by entomologist to calculate the time of an organism death through insect communities as a biological indicator. In the present study, insect fauna identification in dead dog, Canis domesticus (L.) has been used as in substitute of dead human body in tropical region Mardan, a tool for forensic entomology were carried out in five different decomposition stages, fresh, bloat, active decay, advanced decay and dry. The collected Diptera species were Chrysomya rufifacies, Chrysomya megacephala, Parasarcophaga ruficornis, Musca domestica and Piophila casei. Chrysomya rufifacies was first arrived to dog carcass and dominated first stages of decomposition. The average temperature (28.3±1.8-40.4±1.7) was found affected Diptera fauna and rate of decomposition of C. domesticus during the observation period for (11 days from 15 to 25 May 2011). This research will be helpful for forensic entomologist for a case study of death to investigate of crimes in District Mardan of Pakistan.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Forensically important Diptera species associated with Dog carcass (Canis domesticus L.) for a case study in District Mardan, Pakistan

Ahmad A, Ahmad AH. 2008. A preliminary study on the decomposition and Diptera associated with exposed carcasses in an oil palm plantation in Bandar Baharu, Kedah, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 26 (1), 1-10.

Benecke M. 1998. Descriptional commentary of six forensic entomology cases. Forensic Sciences 43, 797-805.

Braack LE. 1981. Visitation patterns of principle species of the insects complex at carcasses in the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 24, 33-49.

Byrd JH, Castner JL. 2001. The utility of arthropods in legal investigations. CRC Press, Florida. Forensic Entomology (Ed.) 2, 120-144.

Erzinclioglu Z. 1983. The application of Entomology to Forensic Medicine. Medical Science and Law 23 (1), 57-63.

Fuller ME. 1934. The insect inhabitants of carrion: A study in animal ecology. Commonwealth of Australia, Council of Science, Industry and Research Bulletin 82, 4-63.

Catts EP, Goff ML. 1992. Forensic entomology in criminal investigations. Annual Review of Entomology 37, 253-272.

Catts EP, Haskell NH. 1990. Entomology and death: A procedural guide. Joyce’s Print Shop, Inc. Clemson. South Carolina.Ed 1, 1-182.

Collins J. 2001. Cobuild English Dictionary for advanced learners. Harper Collins Publishers, Glasgow Ed 3, 514-616.

Early M, Goff ML. 1986. Arthropod Succession Patterns in Exposed Carrion on the Island Of O’hau, Hawaiian Islands, USA. Medical entomology 23 (5), 520-531.

Goff ML. 2000. A fly for the prosecution: how insect evidence helps solve crimes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Ed 2, 1-225

Goff ML. 1993. Estimation of Post Mortem Interval by Using the Arthropod Development and Succession Patterns. Forensic Science Review 5 (2), 82-94.

Greenberg B.     1991. Flies as forensic indicators. Medical Entomology 28, 565-577.

Greenberg B, Kunich JC. 2002. Entomology and the law: flies as foresic indictors. Cambidge University Press, Cambidge. Med Entomol 30, 481-484.

Goff ML, Early M, Odom CB, Tullis K. 1986. A preliminary checklist of arthropod associated with exposed carrion in the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaiian Entomological Society 26, 53-57.

Grassberger M, Frank C. 2004. Initial study of arthropod succession on pig carrion in a Central European Urban Habitat. Medical Entomology 41(3), 511-523.

Haskell NH, Hall RD, Cervenka VJ, Clark MA. 1997. On the body: insects life stage presence, their postmortem artifacts In: Haglund, W. D. and Sorg, M.H; Boca Rotan, Fla 4, 415-448.

Lord WD. 1990. Case Histories of Use of Insects in Investigations. In: Entomology and Death, A procedural guide. Catts EP and Haskell NH, Eds. Joyce’s Print Shop, South Carolina. Ed 1, 9-37.

Putman RJ. 1983. Carrion and dung. The decomposition of animal wastes. London: Edward Arnold 1-29

Putman RJ. 1977. Dynamics of the blowfly Calliphora erythrocephala within carrion. Animal Ecology 46, 853-866.

Payne JA. 1965. A summer carrion study of the baby pig Sus scrofa Linnaeus. Ecology 46 (5), 592-602.

Tantawi TI, ElKady EM, Greenberg B, Elghaffar HA. 1996. Arthropod sucession on exposed rabbit carrion in Alexandria, Egypt. Medical Entomology 33 (4), 566-580.

Shean BS, Messinger L, Papworth M. 1993. Observations of differential decomposition on sun exposed v. shaded pig carrion in coastal Washington State. Forensic Sciences 38, 938-949.

Smith KGV. 1986. A Manual of Forensic Entomology. The Trustees of British Museum of Natural History, London and Comstock Publishing Associates, New York 1-207.

Shi YW, Xi-Shan L, Hai-Yang W, Run-Jie Z. 2009. Seasonality of insect succession on exposed rabbit carrion in Guangzhou, China. Insect science 16 (5), 425-439.

Szymon M, Bajerlein D, Konwerskic S, Szpilad K. 2008. An initial study of insect succession and carrion decomposition in various forest habitats of Central Europe. Journal of Forensic Science International 180(2-3), 61-69.

Vitta A, Pumidonming W, Tangchaisuriya U, Poodendean C, Nateeworanart S. 2007. A preliminary study on insects associated with pig (Sus scrofa) carcasses in Phitsanulok, northern Thailand Tropical Biomedicine 24(2), 1-5.

Souza ASBD, Kirst FD, Kruger RF. 2008. Insects of forensic importance from Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil. Alex Sandro Barros de SouzaI; Frederico Dutra KirstI; Rodrigo Ferreira KrügerII Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(4), 657-666.