Formulation, Development, and Characterization of Herbal Soap infused with KaPaMa (Euphorbia neriifolia, Diplazium esculentum, and Coleus blumei) extracts

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Research Paper 03/09/2023
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Formulation, Development, and Characterization of Herbal Soap infused with KaPaMa (Euphorbia neriifolia, Diplazium esculentum, and Coleus blumei) extracts

Jinky Marie T. Chua
Int. J. Biosci.23( 3), 24-32, September 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Herbal soap production promotes the use of natural and sustainable personal care products; and non-wood forest products, which can provide economic opportunities for local communities while contributing to biodiversity conservation and promoting the use of traditional medicinal plants. This study aimed to formulate, develop, and characterize an herbal soap infused with KaPaMa (Karimbuaya, Pako, Mayana) leaf extracts and evaluate its physicochemical properties. Six different soap base formulations were prepared, and the best soap formulation was selected, which did not contain propylene glycol. KaPaMa extracts were incorporated at three different concentrations (0.2%, 0.4%, 0.8%), and the developed KaPaMa soaps were evaluated for their physicochemical properties. The extracts of Euphorbia neriifolia (Karimbuaya), Diplazium esculentum (Pako), and Coleus blumei (Mayana) contain phytochemicals that exhibit antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties, making them suitable for use in soap formulations. The KaPaMa soaps were found to have acceptable pH and low total alkali content, indicating that these are not corrosive to human skin. However, the soaps had low foaming ability, high moisture content, and total fatty matter. Further optimization of the formulation is recommended to improve foaming ability and reduce moisture content.

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