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Frequency of hyperglycemia and its associated risk factors in diabetic patients

Research Paper | December 1, 2019

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Umar Said, Hidayat Khan, Muhammad Owais, Muhammad Adeel, Anees Muhammad

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Int. J. Biosci.15( 6), 230-234, December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.230-234


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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism in which body unable to secrete sufficient or produce insulin. Hyperglycemia may lead to cadriomyopathies, neurophathies, nephropathies and retinopathies. The objective of this was to investigate the frequency of hyperglycemia and associated risk factors among people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This study was a population based cross sectional study, conducted on randomly collected samples from 384 individuals of age more than 25 years. Demographic data were collected by questionnaire while blood samples were collected for determination of plasma glucose through spectrophotometer (Micro Lab 300). Patients were considered diabetic if plasma glucose level were from 140-199mg per dl. All the data were analyzed through statistical package for social sciences version 22. A total of 384 samples were collected from patients in 19.3% were hyperglycemic. Out of total (n=384), male were 62.2% (n=239) and female was 37.8% (n=145). Majority patients were found in age of 26-39 years with 41.4% (n=159), followed by age of 40-54 years with 40.1% (n=154) and 18.5% (n=71) at age of 55-70 years. Overall percentage of obesity, hypertension and positive family history was 28.0% (n=109), 30.0 (n=116) and 29.9% (n=115) patients respectively.  Our results suggest that type II Diabetes has become a health problem in district Charsadda, especially in adults. Therefore, proper and better strategies are required to overcome the issue.


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Frequency of hyperglycemia and its associated risk factors in diabetic patients

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