Fruit morphology of the genus Rumex L. (Polygonaceae) in Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (163) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Fruit morphology of the genus Rumex L. (Polygonaceae) in Iran

Solmaz Shahla, Ali Asghar Maassoumi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hamdi, Iraj Mehregan, Taher Nejadsattari
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 655-663, July 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The genus Rumex with about 23 species is one of the most important species of the family Polygonaceae in Iran. In order to reveal the relationship of Rumex species we used fruit morphological characters including valve and achene features. Valves size and shape are variable among species. All taxa have trigonous achene but their size and color are different. R. Acetosella as only species of subgenus Acetosella shows uncertain placement in phenogram. R. tuberosus and R. pictus belong to subgenus Acetosa but they are located in cluster with species of subgenus Rumex. Our results show that the current classification of the genus Rumex into 3 subgenera is not correct.

VIEWS 8

Ayodele AE, Zhou ZK. 2010. Scanning electron microscopy of fruits in the West African Polygonaceae. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 48, 336-343.

Cullen J. 1967. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae). In: Davis PH, ed. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 2, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 281-293 P.

Lozinskaya ASL. 1970. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae). In: Komarov VL, ed. Flora of the U.S.S.R. Vol 5, Jerusalem, 351-379 P.

Mosaferi S, Keshavarzi M. 2011. Micro-morphological study of Polygonaceae tribes in Iran. Phytologia Balcanica 17, 89-100.

Mozaffarian V. 1988. New species and new plant records from Iran. The Iranian Journal of Botany 4, 61-70.

Rechinger KH. 1964. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae). In: Tutin TG and al., ed. Flora Europaea. Vol. 1, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 82- 89 P.

Rechinger KH. 1968. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae). In: Rechinger KH, ed. Flora Iranica, Vol. 56. Akademische Druck and Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 2- 24 P.

Rechinger KH. 1981. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae) In: Zohary M. Flora Palaestina. Vol. 1, Jerusalam Academic Press, Israel, 59-66 P.

Rechinger KH. 2001. Rumex L. (Polygonaceae). In: Ali SI and Qaiser M, ed. Flora of Pakistan. No. 205, Department of Botany, University of Karachi and Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A., 4-164 P.

Ronse Decraene LP, Hong SP, Smets E. 2000. Systematic significance of fruit morphology and anatomy in tribes Persicarieae and Polygoneae (Polygonaceae). Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 134, 301-337.

Stevens PF. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. At http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/

Yasmin G, Khan MA, Shaheen N, Hayat MQ, Ali S, Abbas SH. 2010. Taxonomic implication of pollen morphology of seven species of Rumex L. from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 1435-1442.