Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | May 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Functional Feeding Groups among Aquatic insects of the East Kolkata Wetlands

Paulami Maiti, Durba Bhattacharya

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.8(5), 116-127, May 2016

Certification:

JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Habitat complexity of wetlands supports diverse organisms where aquatic insects control the structure and dynamics of the food web. In the present study, biodiversity features of aquatic insects are dealt with reference to their taxonomic and functional diversity. Sampled specimen were assigned a habitat and ‘functional feeding group’ as proposed by Cummins and Klug (1979) . Insect specimen were collected in the sewage fed ponds of the East Kolkata Wetlands, where about 17 species of coleoptera , 25 species of hemiptera, 3 genus of odonates, 1 aperygota; besides juveniles of ephemeroptera, lepidoptera, zygopteraand dipteral were recorded. These were assigned‘ Functional Feeding Groups’, based on their feeding mode, type of food, morpho-behavioral mechanisms of food acquisition and the size of the food particle.It was observed that the community was dominated by predators(38 species) while collectors/gatherers represented only by the Collembola,Ephemeroptera, members of the family Corixidae (hemiptera )and dipteran larva. Most of the coleopterans,hemipterans and odonate larva were predators with only the members of family Hydrophilidae(coleopterans) were scavengers. Shredders were presented by the lepidopteran larva only. Aquatic insects are considered as generalist predators. High ratio of predators as compared to the other groups is indicative of top down control where slow turnover of predatory taxa is dependent on fast turnover of prey species. Predatory fish often exhibit top-down control in water bodies with low macrophytic growth. However, in these wetlands with dense macrophytes and with predominance of non predatory carps,predation by fish is almost absent. As a result predatory insects control the abundance and diversity of other organisms.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Functional Feeding Groups among Aquatic insects of the East Kolkata Wetlands

American Public Health Association. APHA . 1998. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater.19th edition.

Arimo FO, Muller WJ. 2010. (Insecta :Ephemeroptera ) Community structure as an indicator of ecological status of a stream in Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Environmental Monitoring Assesment. 166, 581-594.

Bath KS, Kaur H. 1997. Aquatic insects as bioindicatorsat Harike reservoir in Punjab-India, Indian Journal of Environmental Science 2, 133-138.

Bauernfeind E, Moog O. 2000. Mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera)  and  the  assessment  of  ecological integrity: A Methodological Approach. Hydrobiologia, 135, 155-165.

Biswas S, Mukhopadhyay P, Saha SK. 1995. Insecta. Coleoptera :Adephaga, Family Gyrinidae and Haliplidae. In: State fauna Series 5. Fauna of West Bengal, Part 6a, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. : 21-142.

Cummins KW, Klug MJ. 1979. Feeding ecology of stream invertebrates, Annual Review of Ecological Systematic., 147-172.

Cummins KW. 1973. Trophic relations of aquatic insects, Annual Review of Entomology .18: 183-206.

JehamalarE E, Chandra K, Bhattacharya D, Maiti P. 2014. First record of Anisops Tahitiensis Lundblad(Hemiptera:Nepomorpha: Notonectidae) from mainland India. Record Zoological Survey of India: 114(Part-3), 429-431.

Khan RA, Ghosh LK. 2001. Faunal diversity of aquatic insects in freshwater wetlands of South Eastern West Bengal. Zoological Survey of India. Kolkata, 1-104 .

Kundu N, Pal M, Saha S. 2008. East Kolkata Wetlands: A resource Recovery system through productive activities. Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th world Lake Conference: 868-881.

Majumder J, Das RK, Majumder P, Ghosh D, Agarwala BK. 2013.Fresh Water Lakes of Tripura, Northeast India .Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 13, 25-32,

Merritt RW, Cummins KW. 1996. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque Iowa.

Merritt RW, Higgins MJ, Cummins KW, Vandeneeden B. 1999. The Kissimmee River –river riparian marsh ecosystem, Florida: Seasonal differences in invertebrate functional feeding group relationships. In Batzer DP, Radar RB, Wissinger S, editors. Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands in North America: Ecology and management. John Wiley and sons: New York, 55-79.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW, Berg MB, Novak JA, Higgins MJ, Wessell KJ, Lessard JL. 2002. Development and application of a macroinvertebrate functional-group approach in the bioassessment of remnant river oxbows in southwest Florida. Journal of North American Benthological. Society 21, 290– 310.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW. 2007.Trophic relationships of Macroinvertebrates. In: Hauer F.R. Lamberti G.A. editors. Methods in Stream Ecology, San Diego: Academic Press.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW, Berg MB. eds. 2008. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America.4th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1214.

Nieser N. 2004. Guide to aquatic Heteroptera of Singapore and peninsular Malaysia III. Pleidaeand Notonectidae. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 52, 79–96.

Sharma RK, Agrawal N. 2012. Faunal diversity of aquatic insects in Surha Tal of District – Ballia (U. P.), India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 4, 60-64. ANS.

Subramanian KA, Sivaramakrishnan KG. 2007. Aquatic insects for biomonitoring fresh water ecosystems: A methodology manual, Trust for Ecology and Environment(ATREE), Bangalore, India,1-31

Subramanian KA. 2009. A Checklist of Odonata(Insecta) of India. Zoological Survey of India Western Regional Station, Pune-411 044 Maharashtra, India,: 1-38.

Susheela P, Radha R, Ezhili N. 2014. Diversity and Distribution of Aquatic Insect Population in Singanallur Lake, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary 2, 141-147.

Thanee I, Phalaraksh C, Chiang Mai. 2012. Diversity of Aquatic Insects and Their Functional Feeding Group from Anthropogenically Disturbed Streams in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand Journal of Science 39, 399-409.

Uwadiae RE. 2010. Macroinvertebrates functional feeding groups as indices of biological assessment in a tropical aquatic ecosystem: implications for ecosystem functions. New York Science Journal. 3, 6–15.

Yang CM, Kovac D. 1995. A collection of aquatic and semiaquatic bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Gerromorpha and Nepomorpha) from Temengor Forest Reserve, Hulu Perak, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 48, 287–295.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background