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Fungi associated with spoiled fruits vended in local market

Research Paper | January 1, 2020

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Idrees Ahmed Qureshi, Sham Lal, Sapna, Pardeep Kumar, Javed Ahmed Ujjan, Om Parkash, Nisar Ahmed Kanhar

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 244-250, January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.1.244-250


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Fruits spoilage causes threat to human health and responsible for great economic loss worldwide. This study was conducted to isolate and identify fungi responsible for spoilage of fruit commonly sold in Panj Gula market, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan. A total of 60 spoiled fruits, 10 samples from each different fruit includingstrawberry (Fragariaananassa), orange (Citrus sinensis), papaya (Carica papaya), melon (Cucumis melo), apple (Malus domestica) and guava (Psidium guajava) were collected aseptically in sterile polyethene bag and delivered to microbiology laboratory at refrigerated temperature. Fungi were isolated and identifiedby using culturing and microscopic methods. Seventy seven fungal isolates belonging to five different genera, Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp., Alternaria spp., Rhizopus spp., and Yeastwere isolated from spoiled fruits. Aspergillus spp. had the highest occurrence in all the fruits tested with a frequency of 40.26% followed by Penicillium spp. (24.67%), Alternaria spp. (20.78%), Rhizopus spp. (9.1%), and Yeast (5.19%). The results of this study suggest that fruits are spoiled with variety of fungi which causes great economic loss of country. In addition, isolation of pathogenic fungi in this study highlights the risk to human and animal health associated with spoiled fruits. Therefore improved preservation methods are required to prolong the shelf life of fruits and minimize the health hazard.


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Fungi associated with spoiled fruits vended in local market

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