Genetic diversity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces using morphological markers

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2018
Views (319) Download (7)

Genetic diversity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces using morphological markers

Uzma Arif, Muhammad Jamil Ahmed, Malik Ashiq Rabbani, Ayaz Ahmed Arif, Shahid Iqbal Awan, Anisa Intikhab
Int. J. Biosci.13( 5), 327-340, November 2018.
Certificate: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


These studies were conducted during 2015and 2016 at the University of Poonch Rawalakot. The present study aim to screen the diverse landraces of peas under agro-ecological conditions of Rawalakot. Mean values for germination percentage ranged from 70% to 90%. Maximum value was recorded for M-25, M-102, M-91 and M-72 (90%). Maximum plant height (80 cm) was observed in genotype L-29 followed by L-30 (78 cm), L-28 (74 cm) and L-30 (75 cm). Maximum pods per plant were found in L-29 (18) followed by L-22, L-27, L-28, and L-30 (17.0). Means values for seed per pod ranged from 4-8. Landraces L-35, L-36, L-37, L-38, L-39, L-40, L-41, L-42, L-43, L-44, and L-46 excelled in seeds per pod (8.0) followed by L-11, L-12 and L-13 (7.0). Highly significant differences were also observed among landraces for 100- seed fresh weight. Maximum 100-seed fresh weight (g) was noted in M-83 (29.6 g) followed by M-91 (28.3 g) and Check variety (28.2 g). Highly significant variation in yield was observed among different landraces. Landraces M-83 had maximum yield (kg) (19.73 kg/ha) followed by M-25 and M-07 (18.13 kg/ha) and M-91 (18.8 kg/ha). Genotypes Check, L-10, M—83, M-07, L-47, M-86 L-33, L-64, L-71, L-23 and L-24 were showing maximum variability and were outliers for the cluster. Knowledge obtained from morphological characterization of populations of Pisum sativum, the present study could be used as a benchmark for future studies.


Akhter N. 2004. Morphological change of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) under different reducing light level. M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. Crop Botany BSMRAU, Gagipur, Bangladesh.

Ali ST, Tekeli EA, Ates E. 2007. Yield and its components in field pea (Pisum arvense L.) lines. Journal of Central European Agriculture 4, 313-317.

Ali I, Rub A, Ali S. 2002. Performance of pea germplasm for seed yield and yield components under Peshawar conditions. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 18, 39-43.

Arshad M, Hussain SA, Ali SAN, Muhammad N, Ziaullah. 1998. Screening of pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars in Kohat valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 14, 559-562.

Baginsky C, Faiguenbaum H, Krarup C. 1994. Pre and post-harvest evaluation of six pea cultivars. Horticultural Abstracts 64, 70-81.

Basaran UH, Mut O, Asci Gulumser E, Acar Z, Ayan I. 2012. Variation in seed yield and morphological traits in Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) genotypes. Options méditerranéennes: serie A. Sémi-méditerranian 102, 145-148.

Basaran U, Akar Z, Karacan M, Onar AN. 2013. Variation and correlation of morpho-agronomic traits and biochemical contents (protein and B-ODAP) in Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) landraces. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 18, 166-173.

Castillo AG, Hampton 1G, Bear PC. 1992. Effect of time and method of harvest on seed vigour in garden peas (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Applied Seed Production 10, 31-36.

Ceyhan E, Avci MA. 2015. Determination of some agricultural characters of developed pea (Pisum sativum L.) lines. International Journal of Biology, Biomolecules, Agriculture and Food Biotechnology, p 9, 12.

Gatti I, Esposito MA, Almiron P, Cravero VP, Cointry EL. 2011. Diversity of pea (HYPERLINK “”Pisum sativum L.HYPERLINK “”) accessions based on morphological data for sustainable field pea breeding in Argentina. Genetics and Molecular Research 10, 3403-3410.

Habtamu S, Million F. 2013. Multivariate analysis of some Ethiopian field pea (Pisum sativum. L) genotypes. International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology 5, 78-87.

Hatam M, Amanullah. 2001. Grain yield potential of garden peas (Pisum sativum L.) germplasm. Journal of Biological Sciences 1, 242-244.

Hussain SA, Badshah N. 2002. Study on the adaptive behavior of exotic pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties under local condition of Peshawar. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 1, 567-569.

Hussain SA, Hussain M, Qasim M, Hussain B. 2005. Performance and economic evaluation of pea varieties at two altitudes in Kaghan Valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 21, 587-589.

Ishtiaq M, Ahmad Z, Shah A. 1996. Evaluation of exotic cultivars of pea in Peshawar valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 12, 425-431.

Javaid Ghafoor A, Anwar R. 2002. Evaluation of local and exotic pea (Pisum sativum L.) germplasm for vegetative and dry grain traits. Pakistan Journal of Botany 34, 419-427.

Khan TN, Ramzan A, Jillani G, Mehmood T. 2013. Morphological performance of peas (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes under rainfed conditions of potowar region. Journal of Agriculture Research 51, 51-60.

Khokar KM, Khan MA, Hussain SI, Mahmoodand T, Rehman HU. 1998. Cooperative evaluation of some foreign and local pea cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 9, 549-551.

Lock M, Mackinder B, Schrirer B, Lewis G. 2005. Legumes of the World; Royal Botanical Gardens: Kew, UK.

Makasheva RK. 1983. The Pea. Oxonian Press Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India. p 78-107 .

Muehlbauer EJ, McPhee KE. 1997. Peas: In The Physiology .of Vegetable Crops (Ed. H.C. Wein). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. p 429–459.

Nawab NN, Subhani GM, Mahmood K, Shakil Q, Saeed A. 2008. Genetic variability correlation and path analysis studies in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) Journal of Agricultural Research 46, 333-340.

Qasim M, Zubair M, Wadan D. 2001. Evaluation of exotic cultivars of pea in Swat valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 17, 545-548.

Ranalli P, Giordano I, Ziliotto U, Lomabrcho GM, Pirami V, Lahoz E, Bcuonaccorso V, Talluri P, Bottozzi P, Lucque G, Rosoe D, Ruaro G, Casrini B, Re P. 1992. Yield potential of pea for dry seed in different Italian environments. Sementi Elette 38, 15-43.

Santalla M, Amurrio JM, Ron AM. 2001. Food and feed potential breeding of green dry and vegetable pea germplasm. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 81, 601-610.

Shah A, Lal SD, Shah A. 1990. Comparative performance of some pea cultivars under rainfed conditions of U.P. hills. Progressive Horticulture in India, 22, 121-124.

Singh UP, Sarma BK, Singh DP, Bahadur A. 2002. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria-mediated induction of phenolics in pea (Pisum sativum L.) after infection with Erysiphe pisi. Current Microbiology 44, 396-400.

Solberg SO, Brantestam AK, Olsso K, Leino MW, Weibull J, Yndgaard F. 2015. Diversity in local cultivars of (Pisum sativum L.) collected from home gardens in Sweden. Biochemical System and Ecology 62, 194-203.

SPSS. 1999.  Base9.0 for Windows Users Guide.  SPSS. Inc, USA.

Vance CP, Graham PH. 2003. Legumes: Importance and constraints to greater use. Plant Physiology 131, 872–877.

Vocanson A, Jeuffroy MH. 2008. Agronomic performance of different pea cultivars under various sowing periods and contrasting soil structures. Journal of Agronomy 100, 748-759.