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Genetic diversity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces using morphological markers

Uzma Arif, Muhammad Jamil Ahmed, Malik Ashiq Rabbani, Ayaz Ahmed Arif, Shahid Iqbal Awan, Anisa Intikhab

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Int. J. Biosci.13(5), 327-340, November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.5.327-340


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These studies were conducted during 2015and 2016 at the University of Poonch Rawalakot. The present study aim to screen the diverse landraces of peas under agro-ecological conditions of Rawalakot. Mean values for germination percentage ranged from 70% to 90%. Maximum value was recorded for M-25, M-102, M-91 and M-72 (90%). Maximum plant height (80 cm) was observed in genotype L-29 followed by L-30 (78 cm), L-28 (74 cm) and L-30 (75 cm). Maximum pods per plant were found in L-29 (18) followed by L-22, L-27, L-28, and L-30 (17.0). Means values for seed per pod ranged from 4-8. Landraces L-35, L-36, L-37, L-38, L-39, L-40, L-41, L-42, L-43, L-44, and L-46 excelled in seeds per pod (8.0) followed by L-11, L-12 and L-13 (7.0). Highly significant differences were also observed among landraces for 100- seed fresh weight. Maximum 100-seed fresh weight (g) was noted in M-83 (29.6 g) followed by M-91 (28.3 g) and Check variety (28.2 g). Highly significant variation in yield was observed among different landraces. Landraces M-83 had maximum yield (kg) (19.73 kg/ha) followed by M-25 and M-07 (18.13 kg/ha) and M-91 (18.8 kg/ha). Genotypes Check, L-10, M—83, M-07, L-47, M-86 L-33, L-64, L-71, L-23 and L-24 were showing maximum variability and were outliers for the cluster. Knowledge obtained from morphological characterization of populations of Pisum sativum, the present study could be used as a benchmark for future studies.


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Genetic diversity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces using morphological markers

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