Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2015

VIEWS 2
| Download 2

Genetic mechanisms of yield related morphological markers response to increase grain yield in different environment of hexaploid wheat

Hafiz Ghulam Muhu-Din Ahmed, Muhammad Shahid Saddam, Adeel Khan, Anmol Fatima, Saira Saleem, Mariam Hassan, Siddra Zahid, Mubra Benish

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(3), 158-164, March 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Wheat is an imperative cereal of the world that plays a remarkable role in meeting the food requirements of human population. Improvement in yield relies upon the identification of genetically superior and suitable genotypes and their exploitation. A 5 × 5 diallel cross using five wheat varieties/lines namely Aas-11, Millat-11, SH-95, 9272 and 9276 was carried out to examine the genetics of yield and yield related morphological traits. All traits shown high level of significance after analysis of variance. Variety SH-95 proved to be the best general combiner for plant height, spike length, spike density, number of grains per spike. Cross 9272 x Milla-11 was the best combiner for number of grains per spike and 1000-grain weight. SH-95 x 9272 proved to be best specific combiner for flag leaf area, 1000-grain weight and grain yield per plant. The partitioning of variance into its components exhibited that the magnitude of GCA variance was greater than SCA variance for plant height, flag leaf area, spike length, spike density and number of grains per spike displayed additive type of gene action so improvement and selection will be possible in early generation. Early selection would be difficult for 1000-grain weight and grain yield per plant because SCA variance was greater than GCA variances showed dominance effects.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Genetic mechanisms of yield related morphological markers response to increase grain yield in different environment of hexaploid wheat

Adel MM, Ali EA. 2013. Gene action and combining ability in a six parents diallel cross of wheat. Asian Journal of Crop Science 5(1), 14-23.

Anwar J, Akbar M, Hussain M, Asghar S, Ahmad J, Owais M. 2011. Combining ability estimates for grain yield in wheat. Journal of Agriculture Research 49(4), 437-445.

Asif M, Khaliq I, Chowdhry MA. 2000. Genetic analysis for some metric traits in hexaploid wheat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 3(3), 525-527.

Awan SI, Malik MFA, Siddique M. 2005. Combining ability analysis in intervarietal crosses for component traits in hexaploid wheat. Journal of Agriculture Society and Science 1(4), 316-317.

Chowdhry MA, Saeed MS, Khaliq I, Ahsan M. 2005. Combining ability analysis for some polygenic traits in a 5×5 diallel cross of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science 4(4), 405-408.

Chowdhry  MA,  Sajad  M,  Ashraf  MI.  2007. Analysis on combining ability of metric traits in bread wheat, Triticum aestivum. Journal of Agriculture Research 45(1), 11-17.

Dere S, Yildirim MB. 2006. Inheritance of grain yield per plant, flag leaf width, and length in an 8 × 8 diallel cross population of Bread Wheat (T. aestivum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 30(6), 339-345.

Farooq J, Khaliq I, Khan AS, Pervez MA. 2010. Studying the genetic mechanism of some yield contributing traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 12(2), 241-246.

Griffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 9(4), 463-493.

Hassan M, Munir M, Mujahid MY, Kisana NS, Akram Z, Nazeer AW. 2004. Genetic Analysis of Some Biometrie Characters in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Biological Sciences 4(4), 480-485.

Iqbal M, Khan AA. 2006. Analysis of combining ability for spike characteristics in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8(5), 684-687.

Javaid A, Masood S, Minhas NM. 2001. Analysis of combining ability in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using F2 generation. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 4(11), 1303-1305.

Kashif M, Khaliq I. 2003. Determination of general and specific combining ability effect in a diallel cross of spring wheat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 6(18), 1616-1620.

Khan MA, Ahmad N, Akbar M, Rehman AU, Iqbal AA. 2007. Combining ability analysis in wheat. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(44), 1-5.

Mahmood N, Chowdhry MA. 2002. Ability of bread wheat genotypes to combine for high yield under varying sowing conditions. Journal of Genetics and Breeding 56(2), 119-126.

Munis MFH, Bano A, Chowdhry MA, Ahmad A, Chaudhary HJ, Muhammadi, Rasul F, Ahmad S, Khaliq T, Nasim W. 2012. Inheritance pattern of vital post-emergence morphometric and meristic traits of spring wheat. Journal of Medical and Plants Research 6(16), 3246-3253.

Saeed A, Chowdhry MA, Saeed NA, Khaliq I, Johar MZ. 2001. Line × tester analysis for some morpho-physiological traits in bread wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3(4), 444-447.

Saleem M, ChowdhryMA, Kashif M, Khaliq M. 2005. Inheritance pattern of plant height, grain yield and some leaf characteristics of spring wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 7(6), 1015-1018.

Seboka H, Ayana A, Zelleke H. 2009. Combining ability analysis for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). East African Journal Sciences. 3(1), 87-94.

Shekhawat US, Bhardwaj RP, Prakash V. 2000. Gene action for yield and its components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agriculture Research 34(3), 176-178.

Siddique MS, Malik MFA, Awan SI. 2004. Combining ability estimates for yield and yield components in spring wheat. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 20(4), 485-487.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York

Sudesh R, Yadava K, Rana OPS. 2002. Combining ability effects in bread wheat involving gigas spike genotypes as testers. Research Crops 3, 426-431.

Ullah S, Khan AS, Raza A, Sadique S. 2010. Gene action analysis of yield and yield related traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 12(1), 125-128.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background