Germination percentage and growing behavior of Salix tetrasperma (Willow) as affected by size of branch cutting and low polythene tunnel

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2015
Views (160) Download (5)

Germination percentage and growing behavior of Salix tetrasperma (Willow) as affected by size of branch cutting and low polythene tunnel

Muhammad Rafay, Muhammad Abdullah, Tanveer Hussain, Tahira Ruby, Sohail Akhtar, Iram Fatima
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 4), 318-325, April 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Propagation through branch cuttings is one of the best methods to produced tree nursery the yield of the tree produced from a cutting can be higher then a tree produced from seedlings, the conditions provided to them are important factor for getting good results. The aim of this study was to find the best size of cuttings for establishment of nursery and also to compare their performance in open air or in artificial conditions under plastic sheets cuttings of 2 inches, 4 and 6 of Salix tetrasperma were raised in plastic bags of size 3×7 their were three treatments with 25 bags in each and replicated 4 times. The data on sprouting percentage, plant height, root development etc was recorded after every two weeks. The data thus collected was analyzed statically using randomized complete block design. Result showed that cutting of 2 inches has high sprouting percentage and growth behavior as compared to other cuttings.


Ahuja MR, Muhs HJ. 1985. In vitro techniques in clonal propagation of forest tree species. In: In vitro techniques, propagation and long term storage. Edited by A. Schafer-Menuhr Martinus Nughoff/Dr W. junk publishers. P. 41-49.

Blythe EK, Sibley JM, Tilt KM. 2004. Cutting propagation of foliage crops using a foliar application of auxin. Scientia Horticulturae. Vol. 103, 1:31-37. DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2004.04.011.

Chaudhry. 2001. Effect of shade on growth performance of four tree species: Nursery stage. Pakistan journal of Agricultural sciences. Vol. 38(1-2), 69-72.

Cobbina J. 1990. Effect of direct sun rays on the growth of Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium seedlings in the nursery. Luceana research reports: Vol. 11, 88-90.

Corpuz OS. 2013. Stem cut: An alternative propagation technology for rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) tree species. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. 5(2), pp. 78-87. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC12.122.

Driscoll CJ. 1990. Environmental factors and crop production. In plant sciences: Production, genetics and breeding. Ellis Horwood Limited, New York. Edson John L, Wenny David L and Fins Lauren. 1991. Propagation of western larch by stem cuttings. Western Journal of Applied Forestry Vol. 6(2), 115-125.

Erv Evans, Frank A. 1999. Plant Propagation by Stem Cuttings: Instructions for the Home Gardener. Horticulture information leaflets, NC State University: HIL- 8702.

FAO. 2004. Introduction, National Forest Product statistics, Pakistan. /DOCREP/005AC778E15.HTM.

Foster Gsam, Stelzer HE, McRae JB. 2000. Loblolly pine cutting morphological traits: effects on rooting and field performance. New Forests. Vol. 19, 291-306. 10.1023/A:1006691808772

Grime JP. 1986. Shade tolerance in flowering plants. Nature, Vol. 208, 161-163. doi:10.1038/208161a0

Groninger JW, Seiler JR, Peterson JA, Kreh RE. 1996. Growth and photosynthetic responses of four Virginia Piedmont tree species to shade. Tree Physiology, Vol. 16, 773-778. DOI:

Jain Ak, Dandin SB, Sengupta K. 1990. In vitro propagation  through  axillary  bud  multiplication  in different mulberry genotypes. Plant Cell Reports.Vol. 8, 737-740. DOI.10.1007/BF00272107

Khan M. 1992. Selection of size of root cuttings for vegetative propagation of Paulownia elongata. Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. 42(3), 144-147. DOI/002/489/002489487.php

Kirk W Pomper, Desmond R Layne, Snake C Jones. 2002. Incident Irradiance and Cupric Hydroxide Container Treatment Effects on Early Growth and Development of Container-grown Pawpaw Seedlings. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Vol. 127(1), 13-19.

Kitahara, N. 1999. Utilization of fodder tree for the production of milk and meat (3). Livestock Research. Vol. 53(9), 969-972

Mebrathu T, Hanover JW. 1990. The effect of root cutting size on time of sprouting of Black locust. Nitrogen fixing trees research reports: 8, 156-158.

Mesen F, Newton AC, Leakey RRB. 1997. The effects of propagation environment and foliar area on the rooting physiology of Cordia alliodora oken cuttigs. Trees structure and function: Vol.11 (7), 404-411. DOI: 10.1007/s004680050101

Mitchell AK. 1998. Acclimation of Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) foliage to sun and shade. Tree physiology. Vol. 18(11), 749-757.

Okuzanya OT, Lakanm OO, Osuagwu AE. 1991. Some factors affecting the seedling growth and survival of Treculia africana. Journal of Tropical Forest Science:Vol. 4(l), 64-79.

Peterson RN. 1991. Pawpaw (Asimina). In: J. N. Moore and J. R. Ballington (eds.). Genetic resources of temperate fruit and nut trees. Acta horticulturae. Vol. 290, 567-600.

Rafay M, Khan RA, Yaqoob S, Ahmad M. 2013. Nutritional Evaluation of Major Range Grasses from Cholistan Desert. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 12 (1), 23-29.

Rajapakse NC, Cerny T, Wilson SB. 2000. Photo selective covers for plant growth regulation. Flower Technolgy, 3(8), 32-35.

Sheikh MI. 1988. Past and present Research in four multipurpose tree species. Pakistan Journal of Forestry.Vol 3 8(2), 89-102.

Spencer DJ. 1987. Increased yields of high quality veneer and sawn timber from cuttings of radiata pine. Australian Forestry. Vol 50(2), 112-117. DOI/abs/10.1080/00049158.1987.10674503#preview.

Stanley John, Toogood Allan. 1981. The modern Nurseryman. Faber and Faber Limited. London, p. 412.

Talamucci P, Pardini A. 1993. Possibility of combined utilization of Morus alba and Trifolium subterraneum in Tuscan Maremma (Italy) In: Management of mediterranean shrublands and related forage resources. REUR Technical Series 28, FAO, Rome, p206-209.

Taylor N. 1965. The guide to garden shrubs and trees. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Tipton J. 1994. Relative drought resistance among selected southwestern landscape plants. Journal of Arboriculture, Vol 20(3), 151-155.