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Governance and disaster vulnerability reduction: A community based perception study in Pakistan

Research Paper | April 1, 2020

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Mushtaq Ahmad Jan, Dr. Niaz Muhammad

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.16( 4), 138-149, April 2020


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The present paper investigates the effectiveness of governance in vulnerability reduction to disasters from a community perspective. The basic aim of the study is to explore views of disaster-affected communities regarding deficiencies and weaknesses in terms of vulnerability reduction governance. The study, quantitative in nature, was conducted in three selected districts (i.e. Charsadda, Nowshera and Swat) of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province during 2018-2019. Cluster sampling technique was used to select three Union Councils in each district on the basis of their vulnerability and past disaster impact. The total sample size is 384 community level respondents. The study findings reflect a substantial association of multi-hazard nature of disaster management policies, implementation of policies, preparedness planning, land use planning, mitigation planning, budget allocation, early warning system and community participation with vulnerability reduction to disasters. The study recommends that governments at district, provincial and national level require to reformulate the disaster management policies, develop people friendly preparedness and mitigation planning, allocate sufficient resources in annual development budgets and involve the local communities in risk assessment, planning and implementation phases.


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Governance and disaster vulnerability reduction: A community based perception study in Pakistan

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