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Gradual variation analysis for groundwater flow of Lahore by groundwater modeling techniques

Research Paper | July 1, 2019

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Zaib Un Nisa, Hameed Ur Rehman, Kaleem Ullah, Waheed Ullah, Feroz Khan, Asif Ali, Mehboob Khan, Syed Muhammad Saqlain, Haleema Sadia, Shahid Raza, Umair Ali, Bilal Ahmad Zafar Amin, Kausar Malik

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Int. J. Biosci.15( 1), 284-289, July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.1.284-289


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Water is an important constituent for existence of life on earth, which comprises minerals, significant for humans as well as for world and water life. The current study was indicated that the climate changes impacts on water resources and management by using water evaluation and planning. The higher rain fall 2000 mm was recorded in 1994 and 2006, while lower 700 mm was recorded in 2009 respectively. The higher annual mean humidity was recorded 550 1982, while lower humidity 450 was recorded in 2001 and 2002 respectively. WEAP (Water Evaluation and Planning) shows that water demand for agriculture is 2,100.00 and for Islamabad city is 1,440.00 sum of water demand was 3,540.00. The demand site coverage in agriculture and big city was 68% and 65% recorded in August respectively. WEAP revealed that water demand for agriculture is increasing with the passage of time.


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Gradual variation analysis for groundwater flow of Lahore by groundwater modeling techniques

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