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Research Paper | July 1, 2019

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Gradual variation analysis for groundwater flow of Lahore by groundwater modeling techniques

Zaib Un Nisa, Hafiza Mishal Altaf, Bushra Khurshid, Tahira Khurshid, Hameed Ur Rehman, Mehboob Khan, Abdul Wahab, Abdul Aziz, Kaleem Ullah, Waheed Ullah, Feroz Khan, Amna Hameed, Muhammad Suhail Ibrahim, Syed Muhammad Saqlain

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Int. J. Biosci.15(1), 277-283, July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.1.277-283


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Water is an important constituent of life. It performs a vital role in the continuity of life due to its distinctive qualities. The current study was to determine the gradual analysis for groundwater flow of Lahore by groundwater modeling techniques. The model was calibrated and validated for six years ranging from 2010 to 2016. The groundwater abstraction in 2011 was 1.27 meter per year which is now increased at the rate of 2.5 meter per year. The increasing gap between recharge and discharge is posing serious threats to groundwater levels. This excessive groundwater abstraction is making aquifer of Lahore unsustainable.


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Gradual variation analysis for groundwater flow of Lahore by groundwater modeling techniques

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