Growth and life cycle of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis L. (Mollusca: Celaphapoda) in Bouzedjar bay (Western Algerian Coast)

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Growth and life cycle of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis L. (Mollusca: Celaphapoda) in Bouzedjar bay (Western Algerian Coast)

Said Slimane Moussa, Salim Mouffok, Noureddine Benaissa, Ebrahim Almulsi, Mohammed Bouderbala
Int. J. Biosci.14( 3), 108-115, March 2019.
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Life-history traits and exploitation of the common cuttlefish    Sepia officinalis L. 1758 on the algerian slope (south-western Mediterranean) have been studied through monitoring of the commercial trawl fishery between January and December 2012. Monthly length frequency distribution of commercial catches showed that the dorsal manttle length (DML) of female ranged between 5 and 26 cm, while males ranged from 6 to 26 cm DML. Females represented more than 55% of the individuals caught, while their monthly development also showed a annual predominance of females. The monthly followed parameters of reproduction were the percentage of each maturity stage, GSI, and Kn. The results obtained reveal that this species reproduces all the year with a strong rate of reproduction in hot season. The length at which 50% of females were mature was estimated as 18.7 cm DML. The length-weight relationship showed a negative allometry for females and males. While the Von Bertalanffy growth parameters differed greatly between them, with values for maximum theoretical size and for the growth coefficient of females (DML∞ = 59.6mm DML and k = 0.42 year−1 , respectively) being higher than those for males (DML∞ = 72.2 mm DML; k = 0.34 year−1 ).


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