Growth and rhizome yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) using plantlets with various heights as planting materials

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Research Paper 16/06/2023
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Growth and rhizome yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) using plantlets with various heights as planting materials

Genaro D. Omo, Renato F. Limon
Int. J. Biosci.22( 6), 245-251, June 2023.
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In ginger farming, the budget for matured rhizomes as planting material is usually the highest among the cost of production. To reduce the budget cost, the study used plantlets with different initial heights as planting material. The plantlets were propagated through sowing matured rhizomes and were gathered two months after sowing. The treatments of the study are: T0 – 25g (rhizome sett), T1 – 20cm (initial height of plantlets), T2 – 30cm, T3 – 40cm and T4 – 50cm. This study evaluated the height and number of tillers of the ginger during their 3rd and 5th months after transplanting (MAT) and the rhizome yield during harvesting period. Result revealed that at three months after transplanting (MAT), the plantlets with initial height of 50cm (T4) were the tallest and produced the highest number of tillers during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trials on June 2018 to February 2019, June 2019 to February 2020 and June 2020 to February 2021 respectively. On the other hand, at five MAT, the plants of T0 were the tallest and have the highest number of tillers per hill during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trials during the three years of implementation. Further, during harvesting, T4 has the highest mean of computed rhizome yield per hectare during the three years of implementation. The results could be attributed to the bigger diameter and taller stem of the plantlets which stored more nutrients that sustained the growth and development of the ginger.


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