Growth and rhizome yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) using plantlets with various heights as planting materials

Paper Details

Research Paper 16/06/2023
Views (290) Download (22)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Growth and rhizome yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) using plantlets with various heights as planting materials

Genaro D. Omo, Renato F. Limon
Int. J. Biosci.22( 6), 245-251, June 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In ginger farming, the budget for matured rhizomes as planting material is usually the highest among the cost of production. To reduce the budget cost, the study used plantlets with different initial heights as planting material. The plantlets were propagated through sowing matured rhizomes and were gathered two months after sowing. The treatments of the study are: T0 – 25g (rhizome sett), T1 – 20cm (initial height of plantlets), T2 – 30cm, T3 – 40cm and T4 – 50cm. This study evaluated the height and number of tillers of the ginger during their 3rd and 5th months after transplanting (MAT) and the rhizome yield during harvesting period. Result revealed that at three months after transplanting (MAT), the plantlets with initial height of 50cm (T4) were the tallest and produced the highest number of tillers during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trials on June 2018 to February 2019, June 2019 to February 2020 and June 2020 to February 2021 respectively. On the other hand, at five MAT, the plants of T0 were the tallest and have the highest number of tillers per hill during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trials during the three years of implementation. Further, during harvesting, T4 has the highest mean of computed rhizome yield per hectare during the three years of implementation. The results could be attributed to the bigger diameter and taller stem of the plantlets which stored more nutrients that sustained the growth and development of the ginger.

VIEWS 34

Angami T, Kalita H, Touthang L, Chandra A, Devi HL, Baruah S, Bam B, Khatoon A. 2017. Assessing the suitability of turmeric seed rhizome sizes on biometric and qualitative traits under mid hill conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, October – 2017; Volume 5(5), ISSN No. 2320-8694.

Asafa RF, Akanbi WB. 2018. Growth and rhizome yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale L.) as influenced by propagule size and Nitrogen levels in Ogbomoso, Southwestern Nigeria. International Letters of Natural Sciences. ISSN: 2300-9675, Vol. 67, pp 35-45.

Bera BK, Moktan MW. 2006. Economics of Ginger Cultivation in the Hill Region of West Bengal. Journal of Crop and Weed 2(2), 11-13.

Blay ET, Danquah EY, Anim-Kwapong G. 1998. Influence of sett size and spacing on yield and multiplication ratio of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Ghana Journal of Agricultural. Science 31, 175-180.

Borget M, Tindall H, Barett S. 1993. Spice Plants. The Tropical Agriculture. MacMillan, London.

Enyi BAC. 1972. Effect of seed size and spacing on growth and yield of lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta). Journal of Agricultural Science, (UK) 78(2), 215-225.

Gupta RK, Verma VS. 2011. Quality planting material production through efficient and low cost micro propagation protocol in ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). June 2011. International Journal of Plant Research 24(1), 96-102.

Hailemichael G, Tesfaye K. 2008. The Effects of seed rhizome size on the growth, yield and economic return of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Asian Journal of Plant Science 7, 213-217. DOI: 10.3923/ajps. 2008.213.217.

Hossain MA, Ishimine Y, Akamine H, Motomura K. 2005. Effects of seed rhizome size on growth and yield of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Plant Production Science 8, 86-94.

Islam MA, Naher MS, Fahim AHF, Kakon A. 2017. Growth and Yield of Ginger Influenced by Different Rhizome Size and Spacing. International Journal of Agricultural Papers 2(1), 24-30.

Lawal BA, Aremu T, Ilupeju EAO, Akanbi WB. 2016. Effect of sett size and fertilizer types on early growth and development of plantain suckers. Journal of Natural Science Research 6(11), ISSN 2225-0921.

Mahender B, Reddy SS, Sivaram T, Balakrishna M, Prathap B. 2015. Effect of seed rhizome size and plant spacing on growth, yield and quality of ginger (Zingiber Officinale Rosc.) under coconut cropping system. Plant Archives, Vol 15, No. 2, pp. 769-774 ISSN 0972-5210.

Mody P, Mihu R, Tada B, Taggu A. 2012. Impact of commercial ginger cultivation on economic variables: A case study on Lohit and Lower Dibang Valley Districts of Arunachal Pradesh. Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research, Vol. 1, Issue 4, September 2012, ISSN 2278-4853.

Monnaf MA, Rahim MA, HossainmmA, Alam MS. 2010. Effect of planting method and rhizome size on the growth and yield of ginger. Journal of Agroforestry and Environment 4(2), 73-76, 2010 ISSN 1995-6983.

Rafiq A, Mohammad A, Naeem A. 2009. Productivity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) by amendment of vermicompost and biogas slurry in saline soils. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(6), 3107-3116.

Razdan MK. 2003. An introduction to plant tissue culture, Second Ed. Intercept, New York, USA.

Sathyagowri S, Seran TH. 2011. In vitro plant regeneration of ginger (Zingeber officinale Rosc.) with emphasis on initial culture establishment. International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, ISSN 2249-4340. Vol 1, No. 3, pp 195-202.

Schwertner HA, Rio DC. 2007. High performance liquid chromatographic analysis of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol and 6-shogaol in ginger containing dietary supplements, spices teas and beverages. Journal of Chromatography B 856(1-2), 41-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007. 05.011.

Smith RH. 2000. Plant tissue culture techniques and experiments. Second ed. Academic Press, San Diego pp 61.

Whiley AW. 1990. Effect of seed piece size and planting density on harvested knob size and yield in two cultivars of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) grown in South East Queensland. Acta Horticulturae, (ISHS) 275, 167-172.

Zaman MM, Masum AS, Ahmed NU, Salam A, Rahman MH. 2002. Effect of tillage and mulch on the growth and yield of ginger in the hilly area. Journal of Biological Sciences 2, 121-123.