Growth and Yield of Phaseolus vulgaris as influenced by Different Nutrients Treatment in Mansehra

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2014
Views (220) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Growth and Yield of Phaseolus vulgaris as influenced by Different Nutrients Treatment in Mansehra

Inayat Ur Rahman, Aftab Afzal, Zafar Iqbal, Farhana Ijaz, Shafiul Manan, Sohail,Asghar Ali, Khalid Khan, Sumaira Karim, Ghulam Qadir
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.4( 3), 20-26, March 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In Pakistan one of the main causes of the low production of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is lack of proper fertilizer management especially of mineral nutrients which plays crucial role in growth and yield of bean. Foliar feeding of mineral nutrients may be used as a supplement for obtaining higher yield. Experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different nutrients application on common bean at experimental field, Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra during 2012-13 in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates and four treatments i.e. control (H2O spray alone), poultry manure, DAP (Di-ammonium Phosphate) and foliar spray of (NPK 20:20:20). The results showed that foliar spray of NPK significantly increased number of pods plant-1, number of seeds pod-1, number of seeds plant-1, biomass and grain yield. It may be concluded that foliar spray of NPK is the suitable application for the maximum yield of common bean.

VIEWS 1

Alam MN, Abedin MJ and Azad MAK. 2010. Effect of micronutrients on growth and yield of onion under calcareous soil environment. International Research Journal of Plant Sciences 1(3), 056-061.

Ali MA, Abbas G, Mohy-ud-Din Q, Ullah K, Abbas G and Aslam M. 2010. Response of Mungbean (Vigna radiate) to phosphatic fertilizer under arid climate. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 20, 83-86.

Anitha S, Sreenivasan E, Purushothaman SM. 2005. Response of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) to foliar nutrition of zinc and iron in the oxisols of kerala. Legume Research 28 (4), 294-296.

Anurag S, Singh YV, Singh DV and Patidar M. 2002. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur on growth and yield of cluster bean. In proceedings of national symposium on arid legumes for food nutrition security and promotion of trade, Hisar, India, 15-16.

Azarpour E, Danesh RK, Mohammadi S, Bozorgi HR and Moraditochaee M. 2011. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer under foliar spraying of humic acid on yield and yield components of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). World Applied Sciences Journal 13, 1445-1449.

Bhowmick MK., Aich A, Aich SS, Shrivastava MP, Gupta S and Man GC. 2005. Crop diversification through paira (utera) cropping with rabi pulses. SATSA Mukhapatra- Annual Technical Issue 9, 43-60.

Buruchara R. (2007). Background information on Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L) in Biotechnology, Breeding & Seed Systems for African Crops. Nairobi, Kenya: The Rockfeller Foundation.

Cobley LS and Steele WM. 1976. An introduction to the botany of tropical crops, Longman group Limited, London. Current status and policy issues. A Master of Science Thesis, Department of Agricultural economics, Michigan State University, USA.

Defan TAA, Kholi HMA, Rifaat MGM and Allah AEA. 1999. Effect of soil and foliar application of potassium on yield and mineral content of wheat grains grown in sandy soils. Egypt Journal of Agricultural Research 77, 513-522.

Edje OT, Mughogho LK, Rao YP and Msuku WAB. 1980. Bean production in Malawi. In Potential for field beans in Eastern Africa. Proceedings of a Regional Workshop help in Lilongwe, Malawi 9-14.

Eman Y and Mogied GP. 1998. The effect of foliar spray of urea at grain filling period on grain yield and grain protein content of winter wheat. Crops Research, Hisar 15 (2-3), 135-139.

Gan Y, Hanson KG. Zentner RP, Selles F and McDonald CL. (2005). Response of lentil to microbial inoculation and low rates of fertilization in the semiarid Canadian Praities. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 847-855.

Habashy NR, Ragab AAM and Abd El-Rasoul Sh M. 2005. Effect of some bio-organic amendments on a sequence cropping pattern of peanut-faba bean grown on a sandy soil. Egypt Journal of Applied Sciences 20, 752-763.

Jamal Z and Chaudhary MF. 2007. Effects of soil and foliar application of different concentrations of npk and foliar application of (NH4)2 SO4 on growth and yield attributes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences 13 (2), 119-12.

Kakar KM, Tariq M, Taj FH, Nawab K. 2002. “Phosphorous use efficiency of soybean as affected by phosphorous application and inoculation,” Pakistan Journal of Agronomy, vol. 1, pp. 49–50.

Khan MB, Farooq M, Hussain M and Shahnawaz, Shabir G. 2010. Foliar Application of Micronutrients Improves the Wheat Yield and Net Economic Return. International Journal of Agricultural and Biology 12, 953–956.

Khosa SS, Younis A, Rayit A, Yasmeen S and Riaz A. 2011. Effect of Foliar Application of Macro and Micro Nutrients on Growth and Flowering of Gerbera jamesonii L. American-eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Enviromental Science 11 (5), 736-757.

Klacan GR. 1997. Combined effect of seed treatment and foliar dressing of magnesium on garden pea cultivars. Diss. Abstracts 23, 782.

Kolota E, Osinska M. (2001): Efficiency of foliar nutrition of field vegetables grown at different nitrogen rates. In: Proc. IC Environ. Probl. N-Fert. Acta Hort 563, 87–91.

Latha MR, Nadanassababady T. 2003. Foliar nutrition in crops. Agricultural Review 24 (3), 229-234.

Manivannan V, Thanunathan K, Imayavaramban V and Ramanathan N. 2002. Effect of foliar application of NPK and chelated micronutrients on rice-fallow urdbean. Legume Research 25 (4), 270-272.

Moraditochaee M. 2012. Effects of Humic Acid Foliar Spraying and Nitrogen Fertilizer Management on Yield of Peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) in Iran. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 7 (4), 289-293.

Rajput AL, Singh DP and Singh SP. 1995. Effect of soil and foliar application of nitrogen and zinc with farm yard manure on late sown wheat (Triticim aestivum). Indian Journal of Agronomy 40 (4), 598-600.

Randdhawa PS and Arora CL. 2000. P-S interaction effect on dry matter yield and nutrient uptake by wheat. Journal of Indian Social and Soil Sciences 48, 536-540.

Reager ML, Choudhary GR and Dahama AK. 2003. Effect of weed control and phosphorus on growth and quality of cluster bean. Annals of Agricultural Research 24, 563-566.

Saeed B, Khan, Khalil AZ, Rahman SK, Ullah H, Gul F, Akbar H. 2013. Response of soil and foliar applied nitrogen and sulfur towards yield and yield attributes of wheat cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45 (2), 435-442.

Sharma RK. 1999. Chemical fertilizers can increase productivity in legumes Crop Research 18 (1), 159-160.

Soltanpour PN and Woekman S. 1979. Modification of the NH4HCO3 -DTPA soil test to omit carbon black. Community Science and Plant Analysis 10: 1411-1420.

Soltanpour PN. 1985. Use of ammonium bicarbonate DTPA soil test to evaluate elemental availability and toxicity. Community Science and Plant Analysis 16, 323-338.

Subramani M, Solaimalai A and Velayutham A. 2002. Effect of plant population and methods of fertilizer application on yield attributes and yield of irrigated blackgram. Madras Agricultural Journal 89(4-6), 305-306.

Tahir, M. 1980, wheat production manual Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad, 259.

Valenciano JB, Boto JA and Marcelo V. 2010. Response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) yield to zinc, boron and molybdenum application under pot conditions. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 8(3), 797-807.

Wortmann CS, Kirby RA, Eledu CA and Allen DJ. 1998. Atlas of common bean production in Africa, CIAT publication No. 297.

Zafar and Fayyaz M. 2007. Effect of soil and foliar application of different concentration of NPK and foliar application of (NH4)2SO4 on growth and yield attributes in wheat. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences 13 (2), 119-128.