Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Growth and yield performance of cassava (Manihot esculenta) intercropped with leguminous crops

Research Paper | May 1, 2020

| Download 16

Boyet Pattung, Angelia T. Gonzales, Marissa D. Isnec

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.16( 5), 46-51, May 2020


JBES 2020 [Generate Certificate]


The study was conducted to determine the effect of intercropping leguminous crops to growth and yield of Cassava (Manihot esculenta). The Randomized Complete Block Design was used in the study and treatments were randomly assigned with three experimental blocks. Data gathered were: plant height, number of stem, stem diameter, survival rate, number of roots, weight of roots and return on investment. The treatments used are the following: Treatment 1 (sole cassava); Treatment 2 (cassava + mungbean) and Treatment 3 (cassava + bush sitao). The results show that intercropping leguminous crops has no significant effect on the growth of cassava in terms of plant height at first and second months, number of stem and survival rate. Moreover, the highest net income was obtained by the cassava plants intercropped with bush sitao (T3) with an amount of Php. 814.13 with an ROI of 62.96% followed by cassava plants intercropped with mungbean (T2) with an amount of Php. 755.57 and ROI of 58.42%. The lowest net income was obtained by cassava plant without any intercropping or companion crop with an amount of 491.18% and an ROI of 45. 61%. Thus bush sitao is recommended as intercrop to cassava plants for additional income per unit area.


Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Growth and yield performance of cassava (Manihot esculenta) intercropped with leguminous crops

Aung M. 2018. Root and tuber crops: Untapped potential for food and nutrition security and rural livelihood development in Myanmar. Results of a scoping study.

Balagopalan C. 2018. Cassava in food, feed and industry. CRC press.

Barot S, Allard V, Cantarel A, Enjalbert J, Gauffreteau A, Goldringer I, Lata JC, Le Roux X, Niboyet A, Porcher E. 2017. Designing mixtures of varieties for multifunctional agriculture with the help of ecology. A review. Agronomy for sustainable development 37(2), p.13.

Chiona M, Ntawuruhunga P, Mukuka I, Chalwe A, Phiri N, Chikoti PC, Simwambana M. 2016. Growing cassava: training manual for extension & farmers in Zambia.

Cock JH. 2019. Cassava: new potential for a neglected crop. CRC Press.

Debra LK. 2017. The effects of relative planting dates of legumes on productivity of cassava-legume intercrop (Doctoral dissertation, University of Venda).

Delaquis E, de Haan S, Wyckhuys KA. 2018. On-farm diversity offsets environmental pressures in tropical agro-ecosystems: a synthetic review for cassava-based systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 251, pp.226-235.

Edhirej A, Sapuan SM, Jawaid M, Zahari NI. 2017. Cassava/sugar palm fiber reinforced cassava starch hybrid composites: Physical, thermal and structural properties. International journal of biological macromolecules 101, pp.75-83.

Esiape C. 2015. Influence of intercropping on growth and yield of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) (Doctoral dissertation).

Etany S, Books RUFORUM, Oer R, Scarda R, Tenders RUFORUM. 2016. Evaluating the productivity and economic benefits of cereal-legume intercropping with and without supplementary irrigation in the semi-arid highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Department of Dryland Crop and Horticultural Sciences, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, Ethiopia).

Gyau B, Jnr G. 2015. Evaluation of growth, yield and root quality of four (4) cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) varieties in the semi-deciduous zone of Ghana (Doctoral dissertation).

Henrito D, Tacio and Marid Digest. 2015. Growing Cassava for Food and Business. Business Ideas Philippines

Herawati H, Kamsiati E, Bachtiar M. Canvas business and feasibility model of cassava gluten-free noodle processing in Cirendeu Village.

Howeler RH. 2008. Results, achievements and impact of the Nippon Foundation Cassava Project. In R.H. However, ed. Integrated cassava-based cropping systems in Asia. Working with farmers to enhance adoption of more sustainable production practices. Proceedings of a Workshop on the Nippon Foundation Cassava Project in Thailand, Viet Nam and China, held in Thai Nguyen, Viet Nam. Oct. 27-31, 2003. pp. 161-209.

Howeler RH. 2012. Cassava leaf production for animal feeding. In R.H. Howeler, ed. The cassava handbook – A reference manual based on the Asian regional cassava training course, held in Thailand. Cali, Colombia, CIAT. pp. 626-648.

Jones MT. 2016. Effect of cassava-legume intercropping alternatives on crop yields and soil properties in two Agro ecological Zones of Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, University of Cape Coast).

Mashhadi T, Nakhzari MA, Sabouri H. 2015. Investigation of competition indices in intercropping of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under nitrogen consumption.

Puoza JC, Opoku F, Aboagye B. 2016. Development and testing of a motorized cassava fufu pounding machine. International Journal of Engineering & Technology 5(1), p.1.

Salau AW, Olasantan FO, Bodunde JG, Makinde EA. 2015. Soil temperature and moisture content changes with growth and yield of cassava/vegetable intercrops. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 61(4), pp.447-460.

Uzokwe VN, Mlay DP, Masunga HR, Kanju E, Odeh IO, Onyeka J. 2016. Combating viral mosaic disease of cassava in the Lake Zone of Tanzania by intercropping with legumes. Crop Protection 84, pp.69-80.

Wenjun O, Maofen L, Aye TM, Srey S. 2016. Current situation of cassava production, constraints and opportunities in Cambodia. Agric. For. Fis 09809u 5, pp.64-70.