Growth and yield response of fever plant “Scent leaf” (Ocimum gratissimum) in degraded oxisols using different soil media

Paper Details

Research Paper 20/08/2022
Views (625) Download (107)

Growth and yield response of fever plant “Scent leaf” (Ocimum gratissimum) in degraded oxisols using different soil media

Emmanuel Chukudinife Enujeke and Collins Egbuchua
Int. J. Biosci.21( 2), 411-418, August 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


A study was carried out during the 2019-2021 farming season on a degraded oxisols of a humid environment to evaluate the growth and yield response of Ocimum gratissimum L. using four (4) different soil media. The soil media were sand, loam, sandy loam and sandy clay loam established using particle size distribution analysis and USDA textural triangle. The growth media were randomly analysed for their physico-chemical properties before three (3)kg of each growth medium was potted and arranged in a complete randomized design (CRD) replicated 3 times. 3-seedlings were transferred into each pot and later thinned to one. Data were collected on plant height, stem girth, number of leaves/branches and leaf area at 4, 8 and 12 Weeks After Transplanting (WAT). Data on number of inflorescence and total weight of fresh leaves were collected at 12 and 16 WAT. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance procedure. Results of the study showed that the measured growth parameters did not differ statistically at the 4th and 8th WAT on the different growth media even when there was increase in various growth rates. At 12th and 16th WAT, there was a significant difference (P = 0.05) in plant height, stem girth, number of leaves/branches and weight of fresh leaves at 16 WAT. Loam soil was the most promising with 8.85 and 20.56kg/ha followed by sandy clay loam 8.65 and 18.92kg/ha in the number of florescence and total number of leaves at 16 WAT.


Acquaah G. 1996. Principles of crop production Theory, Techniques and Technology. Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi India 460 p.

Adeoye E. 2002. Nitrogen recovery, essential oil yield and quality of Ocimum gratissimum under different crop geometrics and nitrogen rates. Indian Journal of Agronomy 30, 23-32.

Agbenin JO. 1996. Laboratory manual for soil and plant analysis (selected methods and data analysis). Dept. of Soil Science Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 140p.

Agboola AA, Eneji AE, Aiyelari EA, Tijani-Eniola A. 1997. Marginal lands, water quality and agricultural land pollutants in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria March pp. 303-315.

Akachukwu 2000. Agricultural potentials, problems and sustained uses of inland valley Agroecosystem in Nigeria: In Proceedings of the 33rd Conference of agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) pp 203-207.

Atusa K, Ojeifo IM, Akparobi SO. 2019. Effects of some agronomic practices on plant growth and yield of fever plant (Ocimum gratissimum) in Delta State, Nigeria. Ph.D Thesis of the Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. (unpublished).

Brady NC, Weil RC. 2005. The nature and properties of soil 13th edition Pearson Prentice-Hall Inc. New Delhi India pp. 881.

Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS. 1982. Total nitrogen In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. (eds) Methods of soil analysis Part 2 Agronomy 9. Madison W.I. p. 595-624.

Cheng SS, Chua MT, Chang, EU, Huang CO, Chen WI, Chang ST. 2009. Variations in insecticidal activity and chemical compositions of leaf essential oils from Cryptomeria japonica at different ages. Bioresource Technology 100, 465-470.

Devendran O, Balasubramanian U. 2011. Qualitative phytochemical screening and GC-MS analysis of Ocimum sanctum L. leaves. Asian Journal of Plant Science & Research 44-48.

Egbuchua CN. 2014. Characteristics and distribution of phosphorus in weathered oxisols of Anwai-Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Agriculture and Food Environment. 1(2), 87-96.

Egbuchua CN. 2017. Characterization of soils of Anwai and their productive potentials for arable crops. Journal of Applied Science 12(8), 72-78.

Govindarajan M, Jebanesan A, Pushpanathan T. 2008. Larvicidal and ovicidal activity of Cassia fistula Linn. Leaf extract against filarial and malarial vector mosquitoes. Parasitology Research 102, 289-292. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0761-y

Jibril AD. 2011. Effects of variety and rates of poultry manure-based compost on the growth, yield and yield components of pepper. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria (SSSN) 7th – 11th March, 2011 FUTO Minna, Nigeria P.83-90.

Kovendan K, Murugan K, Thiyagarajan P, Naresh K, Abirami O, Asaikkutti A. 2009. Impact of climate change on the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus Say Diptera: Culicidae). In: International Congress of Global Warming on fliodiversity of Insects: Management and Conservation, 9-12 February Tamil Nadu, India 62.

Mallikaiunaa K, Narasimha O, Dillipa G, Praveen B, Shreedhar B, Sree LC. 2011. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Ocimum leaf extract and their characterization. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials Biostructructure 6, 181-186.

Nesiagho EU. 2014. Effects of different soil media and stem cutting lengths on growth and yield of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) M.Sc Research Project of the Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria (unpublished).

NIMET– Nigeria Meteorological Station 2007. Climatic information of Asaba and Environment (In house publication) 52(8),12-15.

Nwaeze B, Bayan SS, Quincy N. 2005. Justification for the use of Ocimum gratissimum in herbal medicine and its interaction with disc antibiotics. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (5) DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-9-37

Ojeifo IM, Denton L. 1993. Growing Ocimum gratissimum in Nigeria, outlook of botany, Economic importance , cultivation and Research strategies. Okojie and Okoli D.U.U. (eds) Lost crops of Nigeria: Implication of food security; University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Conference Proceedings Series No. 3, pp 230-235.

Okolie, PD, Uduak AC. 2016. Effects of different sources of soil growth media on the early sprouting of Native African Pear in the tropics. Nigeria Journal of Soil Research 8(5), 78-102.

Orwa T. 2009. In vivo use of extracts from Ocimum gratissimum and lymbopogan nitrates against phytophtora palmvora causing black pod disease of cocoa. Anals of Applied Biology 12(1), 173-178.

Owusu-Ansah E, Oppong-Boachie FK, Awuah RT. 2005. Control of blackpod disease of cocoa using leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum L. Asian Journal of Chemistry 17. 2004-2006.

Qureshi R, Maqsood M, Arshad M, Chaudhry AK. 2011. Ethnomedicinal uses of plants by the People of Kadhi Areas of Khushab, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 121-133.

Saiprasanna BS, Manohar BY, Roja R, Prasanta KC. 2012. Hepatoprotective Effects of Ocimum canum Sims Hydroalcoholic Leaf Extract in hR Induced Hepatic Injury in Rats Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research 211(l0), 266-273.

Shafqatullah M, Khurram A, Khaliqurrehman Khan FA. 2013. Comparative Analyses of Ocimum sanctum Stem and Leaves for Phytochemicals and Inorganic Constituents, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 13(2), 236-240,

Singha UA, Goutam C. 2011. Smoke repellency and mosquito larvicidal potentiality of Mesua ferra L. leaf extract against filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 119-123.

Tawátsin A, Asavdachanukorn P, Thavara U, Wongsinkongman F, Bansidhi J, Boonruad T. 2006. Repellency Of essential oils extracted from plants in Thailand against four mosquito vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) and oviposition deterrent effects against 4edes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine Public Health 37, 915-931.

Thamaraiselvi P, Lalitha P, Jayanthi. 2012. Preliminary studies on phytochemicals and Antimicrobial activity of solvent extracts of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Asian. Plant Science Research 2, 115-122.

WHO. 2007. Combating waterborne diseases at the household level Part 1. WHO, Geneva.