Growth and yield response of fever plant “Scent leaf” (Ocimum gratissimum) in degraded oxisols using different soil media

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Research Paper 20/08/2022
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Growth and yield response of fever plant “Scent leaf” (Ocimum gratissimum) in degraded oxisols using different soil media

Emmanuel Chukudinife Enujeke and Collins Egbuchua
Int. J. Biosci.21( 2), 411-418, August 2022.
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Abstract

A study was carried out during the 2019-2021 farming season on a degraded oxisols of a humid environment to evaluate the growth and yield response of Ocimum gratissimum L. using four (4) different soil media. The soil media were sand, loam, sandy loam and sandy clay loam established using particle size distribution analysis and USDA textural triangle. The growth media were randomly analysed for their physico-chemical properties before three (3)kg of each growth medium was potted and arranged in a complete randomized design (CRD) replicated 3 times. 3-seedlings were transferred into each pot and later thinned to one. Data were collected on plant height, stem girth, number of leaves/branches and leaf area at 4, 8 and 12 Weeks After Transplanting (WAT). Data on number of inflorescence and total weight of fresh leaves were collected at 12 and 16 WAT. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance procedure. Results of the study showed that the measured growth parameters did not differ statistically at the 4th and 8th WAT on the different growth media even when there was increase in various growth rates. At 12th and 16th WAT, there was a significant difference (P = 0.05) in plant height, stem girth, number of leaves/branches and weight of fresh leaves at 16 WAT. Loam soil was the most promising with 8.85 and 20.56kg/ha followed by sandy clay loam 8.65 and 18.92kg/ha in the number of florescence and total number of leaves at 16 WAT.

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