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Growth characteristics and grain yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) as influenced by intercropping with Moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica) and fertilizers application

Research Paper | June 1, 2017

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Leyli Vafadar-Yengeje, Rouhollah Amini, Adel Dabbagh Mohammadi-Nasab

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 6), 186-192, June 2017


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In order to evaluate the effect of different fertilizer treatments and intercropping patterns on growth characteristics and grain yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.), a field experiment was conducted as factorial on the bases of randomized complete block design with three replications in 2015. The first factor was four cropping systems including monoculture of faba bean; row intercropping of faba bean with Moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica) at three patterns (1 row faba bean-1 row Moldavian balm; 2 rows faba bean-2 row Moldavian balm; 4 rows faba bean-2 row Moldavian balm and the second factor was three levels of fertilizers including 100% chemical fertilizer, 50% chemical fertilizer + biofertilizers (Azoto barvar + Barvar 2) and vermicompost. The results showed that the maximum chlorophyll content index and leaf number per plant was obtained in chemical fertilizer treatment. The highest plant height (62.14cm) was observed in 1:1 intercropping system. The effect of fertilizer treatment was not significant on plant height. The highest amount of number of pods per plant (3.52) was obtained from 2:2 intercropping system and chemical fertilizer application. The maximum grain yield per occupied unit area was observed in sole cropping (279.41g/m2) and among fertilizer treatments was belonged to 100% chemical fertilizer (222.08g/m2). In comparison of intercropping patterns the 2-4 faba bean- Moldavian balm pattern could be recommended to farmers for higher faba bean growth and production.


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Growth characteristics and grain yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) as influenced by intercropping with Moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica) and fertilizers application

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