Growth of chick pea (Cicer arietinum) in response to salicylic acid under drought stress

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Research Paper 01/03/2018
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Growth of chick pea (Cicer arietinum) in response to salicylic acid under drought stress

Raheleh Khademian, Iraj Yaghoubian
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 3), 255-263, March 2018.
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Chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important legume crop and consumed all over the world, especially in the developing country because it is a good source of carbohydrates and protein, and its protein quality is considered to be better than other legumes. The objective of the present work was to determine the effect of salicylic acid (SA, 0.00, 0.5 and 1mm) and different irrigation regimes (I1, I2, I3 and I4 were irrigation treatments after 60, 100, 140 and 180mm evaporation from class A pan, respectively) on plant performance of check pea. Exposure of plants to drought stress leads to serious physiological and biochemical dysfunctions, and ultimately results in a significant reduction in plant performance. The lowest grain yield of chick pea was observed under severe drought stress (I4), whereas in the absence of drought stress the chick pea had the highest grain yield. SA as natural signalling molecule is able to reduce the adverse effect of environmental stresses on plants and increase crop productivity through morphological, physiological and biochemical mechanisms. The biological yield was increased by foliar application of salicylic acids as compared with control plants significantly. The results showed that exogenous application of SA resulted in an increase of yield components (pods per plant, grains per pod, and grains per plant and 100 grains weight traits).


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