Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Growth parameters of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) tree seedlings in response to fertilizer types

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

| Download 3

Tchatchoua Dorothy Tchapda, Ngoe Ngoe Oscar

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.9( 1), 55-62, July 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is a perennial crop whose by-products are used for food, non-food and medicine worldwide. Cameroon has over 42% of its total land surface suitable for oil palm cultivation however, production remains low due to poor management options. This research investigates the effect of fertilizer types on growth parameters of oil palm seedlings. The experiment was carried out in the South West region of Cameroon using five different treatments: T1 (bunch waste), T2 (poultry droppings), T3 (urea), T4 (bunch waste + poultry droppings + urea) and finally T5 (control) with three replications on hybrid seedlings of Tenera. Growth parameters recorded were; survival, plant heights, leaf lengths, leaf width and stem girth after twelve weeks of planting. Result showed that T2 and T3 had no significant difference between each other for heights, second leaf length (SLL) and second leaf width (SLW) with T3 being the highest in all the above parameters. T2 was significantly higher than T3 for the stem girth (SG). From these results, inorganic fertilizer (urea) best support the proper growth and development of oil palm seedlings, but can equally be substituted by organic fertilizer (poultry droppings) which showed a significantly bigger stem girth than urea after twelve weeks.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Growth parameters of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) tree seedlings in response to fertilizer types

Aduayi EA. 1980. Effect of ammonium sulphate fertilization on soil chemical composition, fruit yield, and nutrient content of okra. Ife Journal of Agriculture 2(1), 16-33.

Agbede OO, Kalu BA. 1990. An assessment of fertilizer use under traditional cropping systems in the middle belt zone of Nigeria. In Proceeding of the third national farming system research network workshop. University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria p. 15-16.

Amir HG, Shamsuddin ZH, Halimi MS, Ramlan MF, Marziah M. 2001. Effects of Azo spirillum inoculation on N, fixation and growth of oil palm plantlets at nursery stage. Journal of Oil Palm Research 13, 42-49.

Anamaria G, Jimena A, Martinez MM, Gutierrez V. 2012. Effects of phosphate solubilising bacterial and compost on the nutritional characteristics of oil palm crop in Casanare. Agronomia Colombiana 30 (2), 274-282.

Arisha HME, Gad AA, Yonnes SE. 2003. Response of some pepper cultivars to organic and mineral nitrogen fertiliser under sandy soil conditions. Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research 30 (18), 75-99.

Benson N, Barnett RM. 1939. Leaching studies with various sources of Nitrogen. J. Ameri. Soc. of Agron 31, 44-54.

Bermaert ADF, Vanderweyer R. 1941. Contribution a l’etude genetique et biometrique de varieties d’Elaeis guineensis Jacqui. Byrxelles: I.N.E.A.C.

Corley RHV, Tinker PB. 2003. ‘’The oil palm’’ Blackwell Science Ltd. 4th edition, London. p. 592 .

Davidson L. 1993. Management for efficient, cost-effective and productive oil palm plantations. In: 1991 PORIM Int. Palm Oil Conf. – Agriculture (Basiron Y., Jalani, S., Chang KC, Cheah SC, Henson IE, Kamarudin N, Paranjothy K, Rajanaidu N, Tayeb D. eds), PORIM, Kuala Lumpur 153-170.

Etoga EF. 1971. Sur les chemins du développement. essai d’histoire des faits économiques du Cameroun. Yaoundé, Editions CEPMAE. 521 pp.

FAO. 2009. FAOSTAT online statistical service. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available via URL. http://faostat.fao.org/ (accessed August 2011).

Fitzherbert EB, Struebig MJ, Morel A, Danielsen F, Brühl CA, Donald PF, Phalan B. 2008. How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23 (10), 539-545.

Francis GS, Haynes RJ. 1991. The leaching and chemical transformation of surface applied Urea under flood irrigation. Fertiliser research 28, 139-146.

Gezgin S, Bayrakll F. 1995. Ammonia volatilization from ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate and urea surface applied wheat on a calcareous soil. J. Plant Nutri 18(1), 2483-2494.

IRAD Cameroun. 2008. Rapport national sur l’état des ressources phyto-génétiques pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture p. 81.

Kee KK, Goh KJ. 2006. Efficient fertilizer management for higherproductivity and sustainability in oil palm production. In: Int. Planters Conf.2006 on Higher Productivity and Efficient Practices for Sustainable Plantation Agriculture, Vol. 1: Technical Papers, ISP, Kuala Lumpur 157 – 182.

Koh LP, Ghazoul J. 2008. Biofuels, biodiversity and people: understanding the conflicts and finding opportunities. Biology Conservation 141, 2450-2460.

Koh LP, Wilcove DS. 2008a. Is oil palm agriculture really destroying tropical biodiversity? Conservation Letters 1, 60-64.

Lim CH, Singh G, Lim KH. 1999. Production of organic fertilisers and soi lconditioners. In: Oil Palm and the Environment – A Malaysian Perspective (Singh, G., Lim, K.H., Teo, L. and Lee, K., eds), Malaysian Oil Palm Growers’ Council, Kuala Lumpur 185-197.

Moyin-Jesu EI, Adeofun CO. 2008. Comparative evaluation of different organic fertilizers on the soil fertility, leaf mineral composition and growth of bitter kola seedlings. Emir. J. Food Agric 20 (1), 31-45.

Ng SK. 2001. Nutrition and nutrient management of the oil palm, New Thrust for the future Perspective. In; ‘IPI PRII K in Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop production in India’ International Potash Institute 415 – 429.

Nkongho RN, Feintrenie L, Levang P. 2014. The non-industrial palm oil sector in Cameroon. Working Paper 139. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.

Ricardo C. 2013. Oil palm in Africa, past, present and future scenario. World Rainforest series on tree plantations 27-59 pp.

Rieger M. 2012. Oil Palm Taxonomy. www.fruit crops.com.

Roberts TL. 2009. Facing future food needs. CSA News 54 (4), 20.

Roe EN, Cornforth CG. 2000. Effect of dairy lot scraping and composted dairy manure on growth, yield and profit potential of double-cropped vegetables. Compost Sci. and Utilisation 8, 320-307.

Stickler C, Coe M, Nepstad D, Fiske G, Lefebvre P. 2007. Ready for REDD? A preliminary assessment of global forested land suitability for agriculture. Woods Hole Research Center, Massachusetts.

Tchatchoua DT. 2008. Evaluation and propagation of some selected genetic stock of Castanea sativa (Mill) in Greece. PhD Thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece p. 169 .

Uwumarongie-Ilori EG, Sulaiman-Ilobu BB, Ederion O, Imogie A, Imoisi BO, Garuba N, Ugbah M. 2012. Vegetative Growth Performance of Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Seedlings in Response to Inorganic and organic fertilizers Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 2276-7770 2(2), 026-030.

Yadav RL, Prassad SR. 1992. Conserving the organic matter content of soil to sustain sugarcane yield. Expl. Agric 28, 51-52.