Growth performance of spring wheat under heat stress conditions

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2014
Views (252) Download (16)

Growth performance of spring wheat under heat stress conditions

Md. Nur Alam, Md. Bodruzzaman, Md. Monwar Hossain, Md. Sadekuzzaman
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.4( 6), 91-103, June 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Three spring wheat varieties and one advanced line were evaluated under high temperature environment to find out the heat stress tolerant variety(s) and/or genotype suitable for cultivation in rising temperature all over the Bangladesh, even in the world. The field experiment was conducted with two environments; one was normal growing environment (seeded on 30 November) and another in late seeding (heat stress) environment (seeded on 30 December) at the field of Wheat Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Nashipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. The varieties and advanced line phased higher temperature during late seeding condition compared to normal sowing. The advanced line and varieties performed better in normal growing environment compared to heat stress condition. In stress environment, BARI Gom-27 produced the maximum tillers (706.5, 503.2 & 296.5 m-2 at 40, 60 & 80 DAS, respectively) followed by BAW-1151 and BARI Gom-28 produced the second highest at 80 DAS (287.4 m-2). BAW-1151 performed the best concerning dry matter (631.3 g m-2 at 80 DAS), then BARI Gom-28 (622.9 g m-2 at 80 DAS). In addition, BAW-1151 produced the most leaf area (3536.7 cm3 m-2 at 80 DAS) followed by BARI Gom-28 (3199.7 cm3 m-2 at 80 DAS). Moreover, BARI Gom-28 produced the highest yield in heat stress environment (3.59 t ha-1) followed by BARI Gom-27 and BARI Gom-26 (each 3.08 t ha-1), but BAW-1151 had the worst (2.9 t ha-1). Considering overall performance, the BARI Gom-28 can be the prominent variety for heat stress followed by BARI Gom-27 or BARI Gom-26.


Abd El-Majeed SA, Mousa AM, Abd El-Kareem AA. 2005. Effect of heat stress on some agronomic traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under upper Egypt conditions. Fayoum Journal of Agricultural Research Development 19 (1), 4-16.

Ahamed KU, Nahar K, Fujita M. 2010. Sowing date mediated heat stress affects the leaf growth and dry matter partitioning in some spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars. The IIOAB Journal 1(3), 8-16.

Akhter MM, Alam MN, Hossain A, Sarker MAZ, Bodruzzaman M, Uddin JM. 2013. Determination of seed rate of wheat varieties with varying seed size, 99-102 p. In: Annual report, 2012-13, Wheat Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Nashipur, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Alam MN, Mannaf MA, Sarker MAZ, Akhter MM. 2013a. Effect of terminal high temperature imposed by late sowing on phenological traits of wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 3 (3), 6-10.

Alam MN, Akhter MM, Hossain M, Rokonuzzaman. 2013c. Performance of different genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in heat stress conditions. International Journal of Bioscience 3(8), 295-306.

Al-Khatib K, Paulsen GM. 1984. Mode of high temperature injury to wheat during grain development. Plant Physiology 61, 363-368.

Al-khatib K, Pauson GM. 1990. Photosynthesis and productivity during high temperature stress of wheat cultivars from major world regions. Crop Science 30, 112-113.

Al-Otayk SM. 2010. Performance of yield and stability of wheat genotypes under high stress environments of the central region of Saudi Arabia. JKAU: Metrological and Environmental Arid Land Agricultural Science 21 (1), 81-92.

Altenbach SB, DuPont FM, Kothari KM, Chan R, Johnson EL, Lieu D. 2003 Temperature, water and fertilizer influence the timing of key events during grain development in US spring wheat. Journal of Cereal Science 37, 9-20.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2012. Statistical year book of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Ministry of Finance and Planning, Government of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Buriro M, Oad FC, Keerio MI, Tunio S, Gandahi AW, Hassan SWU, Oad SM. 2011. Wheat seed germination under the influence of temperature regimes. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 27 (4), 539-543.

CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research). 2009. CGIAR and Climate Change. Global Climate Change: Can Agriculture Cope? Mapping the Menace of Global Climate Change. CGIAR at COP15-Dec. 2009. Available online at:

Chio HB, Park KY, Park RK. 1992. A study of cultural methods for summer buckwheat sown in spring. Korean Journal of Crop Science 37, 149-154.

CIMMYT-ICARDA. 2011. WHEAT-Global Alliance for Improving Food Security and the Livelihoods of the Resources-Poor in the Developing World. Proposal submitted by CIMMYT and ICARDA to the CGIAR consortium board, in collaboration with biodiversity, ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, IRRI, IWMI, 86 NARS Institute, 13 Regional and International Organizations, 71 Universities and Advance Research Institutes, 15 Private Sector Organizations, 14 NGOs and Farmers Cooperatives and 20 Host Countries. 197. Available online at…/503-wheat-global-alliance-for-improving-food-

El-Morshidy MA, Kheiralla KA, Abdel-Ghani AM, Abdel-Kareem AA. 2001. Stability analysis for earliness and grain yield in bread wheat. The Second Plant Breeding Conference, October 2, Assiut University, Egypt, 199-217.

Esterling WE, Aggarwal PK, Batima P, Brander KM, Erda L, Howden SM, Kirilenko A, Soussana JF, Schmidhweer J, Tubiello FN. 2007. Food, fibre and forest products, 273-313 p. In: Par ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, Van der Linder, PJ, Hanson, C.E. (Eds.). Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group-11 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Multi-location testing to identify Plant Response 137. Cambridge Univ Press, UK.

FAO/UNDP (Food and Agricultural Organization/United Nations Development Programme). 1988. Land resources appraisals of Bangladesh for agricultural development. Agro-ecological regions of Bangladesh. Rome, FAO. (Report No. 2).

FAOSTAT. 2010. Data. 2007. Food and Agricultural commodities production, Rome, Italy. Available online at:

Farooq M, Basra SMA, Rehman H, Saleem BA. 2008. Seed priming enhancement the performance of late sown wheat by improving chilling tolerance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, 55-60.

Giaveno C, Ferrero J. 2003. Introduction of tropical maize genotypes to increase silage production in the central area of Santa Fe, Argentina. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 3, 89-94.

Guilioni L, Wery J, Lecoeur J. 2003. High temperature and water deficit may reduce seed number in field pea purely by decreasing plant growth rate. Functional Plant Biology 30, 1151-1164.

Guttieri MJ, Stark JC, O’Brien K, Souza E. 2001. Relative sensitivity of spring wheat grain yield and quality parameters to moisture deficit. Crop Science 41, 327-335.

Hakim MA, Hossain A, Teixeira da Silva JA, Zvolinsky VP, Khan MM. 2012. Yield, protein and starch content of 20 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes exposed to high temperature under late sowing conditions. Journal of Science Research 4 (2), 477-489.

Hall AE. 1992. Breeding for heat tolerance. Plant Breeding Revolution 10, 129-168.

Hall AE. 2001. Crop responses to environment. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.

Harding SA, Guikema JC, Paulsen GM. 1990. Photosynthesis decline from high temperature stress during mutation of wheat. I. Interaction with senescence process. Plant Physiology 92, 648-653.

Hasan MA. 2002. Physiological changes in wheat under late planting heat stress. M.S. thesis. Deparment of Crop Botany. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Salna, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh.

Hellevang KJ. 1995. Grain moisture content effects and management. Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University. Available online at: w.htm.

Hossain A, Sarker MAZ, Saifuzzaman M, Akhter MM, Mandal MSN. 2009. Effect of sowing dates on yield of wheat varieties and lines developed since 1998. Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Science and Technology 7, 5-8.

Hossain A, Sarker MAZ, Hakim MA, Lozovskaya MV, Zvolinsky VP. 2011a. Effect of temperature on yield and some agronomic characters of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. International Journal Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology 1 (1&2), 44-54.

Hossain A, Lozovskaya MV, Zvolinsky VP, Teixeira da Silva JA. 2012a. Effect of soil and climatic conditions on yield-related components performance of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties in the northern Bangladesh. Natural Science: Journal of Fundamental Applied Research 2 (39), 77-86.

Hossain A, Lozovskaya MV, Zvolinsky VP, Teixeira da Silva JA. 2012b. Effect of soil and climatic conditions on phenology of spring wheat varieties in the northern Bangladesh. Natural Science: Journal of Fundamental Applied Research 2(39), 86-97.

Hossain A, Teixeira da Silva JA, Lozovskaya MV, Zvolinsky VP. 2012c. The effect of high temperature stress on the phenology, growth and yield of five wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Asian Australasian Journal of Plant Science Biotechnology 6100-M2 14-23.

Hossain A, Teixeira da Silva JA. 2012d. Phenology, Growth and Yield of Three Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties as Affected by High Temperature Stress. Notulae Scientia Biologciae 4(3), 97-109.

Hossain A, Sarker MAZ, Saifuzzaman M, Teixeira da Silva JA, Lozovskaya MV, Akhter MM. 2013. Evaluation of growth, yield, relative performance and heat susceptibility of eight wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes grown under heat stress, International Journal of Plant Production 7(3), 615-636.

Howarth CJ. 2005. Genetic improvements of tolerance to high temperature. In: Ashraf M and Harris PJC (Eds.), Abiotic Stresses: Plant Resistance through Breeding and Molecular Approaches. Howarth Press Inc, New York.

IPCC. 2013. Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report, Contribution of Working Groups I, II And III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chang [Core Writing Team, Pachauri RK, Reisinger A (Eds.)]. IPCC: Geneva, Switzerland, 104p.

Islam AS. 2009. Analyzing changes of temperature over Bangladesh due to global warming using historic data. Young Scientists of Asia Conclave, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), 15-17 January, Jakkur, Bangalore, India.

Ismail AM, Hall AE. 1999. Reproductive stage heat tolerance, leaf membrane thermostability and plant morphology in cowpea. Crop Science 39, 1762–1768.

Karmakar S. Shrestha ML. 2000. Recent Climatic Changes in Bangladesh. SMRC No.4. SAARC Meteorological  Research  Centre,  Agargaon,  Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Liszewski M. 1999. Response of buckwheat to early planting depending on weather conditions. Foliar Universitatis Agricultural Stetinensis, Agriculture 79, 139-141.

Lobell DB, Burke MB, Tebaldi C, Mastrandrea MD, Falcon WP, Naylor RL. 2008. Supporting online materials for: Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science 319, 607-610.

Marcum KB. 1998. Cell membrane thermostability and whole plant heat tolerance of Kentucky bluegrass. Crop Science 38, 1214-1218.

Martiniello P, Teixeira da Silva JA. 2011. Physiological and bio-agronomical aspects involved in growth and yield components of cultivated forage species in Mediterranean environments: A review. European Journal of Plant Science Biotechnology 5(2), 64-98.

Michiyama H, Fukui A, Hayashi H. 1998. Differences in the progression of successive flowering between summer and autumn ecotype cultivars in common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). Japan Journal of Crop Science 64, 498-504.

Midmore DG, Cartwrig PM, Fisc RA. 1984. Wheat in tropical environments. II. Crop Growth and Grain Yield. Field Crops Research 8, 207-227.

Modarresi M, Mohammadi V, Zali A, Mardi M. 2010. Response of wheat yield and yield related traits to high temperature. Cereal Res Commun 38(1), 23-31.

Nahar KK, Ahamed U, Fujita M. 2010. Phenological variation and its relations with yield in several wheat (Triticunm aestivum L.) cultivars under normal and late sowing. Mediated heat stress condition. Notulae Scientia Biologciae 2(3), 51-56.

OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development), 2003. Rising food prices: Causes and consequences. 9 p. Available online: .OECD-FAO.2009. Agricultural outlook 2009-2018. Available online:

OECD-FAO (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development-Food and Agriculture organization). 2009. Agricultural outlook 2009-2018. Available online:

Pecio A, Wielgo B. 1999. Buckwheat yielding and structure of plant and canopy dependent of sowing time. Forage Agron 16, 5-17.

Poulton PL, Rawson HM. 2011. Physical constraints to cropping in southern Bangladesh. In: (Ed.), H.M. Rawson, Sustainable intensification of Rabi cropping in southern Bangladesh using wheat and mungbean. ACIAR Technical Reports No. 78. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, 256.

Quayyum M A. 1994. Effect of variety and seed rate on the yield of wheat. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Science 11, 152-153.

Rahman MA, Chikushi J, Yoshida S, Karim AJMS. 2009. Growth and yield components of wheat genotypes exposed to high temperature stress under control environment. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 34(3), 361-372.

Rahman MM, Hossain A, Hakim MA, Kabir MR, Shah MMR. 2009. Performance of wheat genotypes under optimum and late sowing condition. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production 4(6), 34-39.

Rosegrant MW, Agcaoili M. 2010. Global food demand, supply, and price prospects to 2010. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC. USA.

Rosegrant MW, Sombilla MA, Gerpacio RV, Ringler C. 1997. Global food markets and US exports in the twenty-first century. Paper prepared for the Illinois World Food and Sustainable Agriculture Program Conference ‘Meeting the Demand for Food in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities for Illinois Agriculture, May 27, 1997.

Russell OF. 1994. MSTAT-C v.2.1 A computer based data analysis software). Crop and Soil Science Department, Michigan State University, USA.

Stone PJ, Savin R, Wardlaw IF, Nicolas ME. 1995. The influence of recovery temperature on the effects of a brief heat shock on wheat. I. Grain growth. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 22, 945-954.

Tawfelis MB. 2006. Stability parameters of some bread wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) in new and old lands under upper Egypt. Journal of Plant Breeding 10(1), 223-246.

Ubaidullah, Raziuddin, Mohammad, Hafeezullah T, Ali S, Nassimi AW. 2006. Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for some important traits against natural terminal heat stress. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 9, 2069-2075.

Volkova AM, Koshin VA. 1984. The influence of high temperature on photosynthesis and chlorophyll content in spring wheat varieties differing in heat resistance. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 87, 76–81.

Vollenweider P, Gunthardt-Goerg MS. 2005. Diagnosis of abiotic and biotic stress factors using the visible symptoms in foliage. Environmental Pollution 137, 455–465.

Wahid A, Gelani S, Ashraf M, Foolad MR. 2007. Heat tolerance in plants: an overview. Environment Journal of Experimental Botany 61, 199-223.

Wardlaw IF, Moncur L. 1995. The response of wheat to high temperature following anthesis. I. The rate and duration of kernel filling. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 22, 391–397.

Wardlaw IF, Dawso IA, Munibi P, Fewster R, 1989a. The tolerance of wheat to high temperature during reproductive growth. I. Survey procedure and general response pattern. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 40, 1-13.

Wardlaw IF, Dawson IA, Munibi P. 1989b. The tolerance of wheat to high temperature during reproductive growth. II. Grain development.

Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 40, 15-24.

Wollenweber B, Porter JR, Schellberg J. 2003. Lack of interaction between extreme high temperature events at vegetative and reproductive growth stages in wheat. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 189, 142-150.

WRC (Wheat Research Centre). 2013. Preface, In: Annual Report 2012-13, Wheat Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Nashipur, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

WRC (Wheat Research Centre). 2009. Annual Report 2008-09, Wheat Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Nashipur, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh, 23.