Health benefits of banana (Musa)- A review study

Paper Details

Review Paper 01/04/2021
Views (1931) Download (114)

Health benefits of banana (Musa)- A review study

Fatima Zahra, Sidra Khalid, Maria Aslam, Zainab Sharmeen
Int. J. Biosci.18( 4), 189-199, April 2021.
Certificate: IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Banana is a very delicious and nutritious fruit, economically more affordable in all over the world for all age groups from the Musaceae family. It belongs to the genus Musa. Banana is easily digestible, have low fat, sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins therefore used in special diets as for babies, patient having stomach disorders, arthritis. Every part of banana plant has specific health benefits, used to treat and prevent different diseases like cancer, ulcer, Alzheimer’s disease, infection, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, diabetes, and hypertension due to its antifungal, antibiotic, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. The unripe banana cooked form called plantains used as vegetable in some countries, useful for ulcer and digestive disorder. The leaves of banana plant are used for skin allergies, skin burns and flower of banana for bronchitis, diabetes, insect’s bites. The peel and pulp have dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin which is effective for the smoothness of muscles of intestine and vitamin c of banana peel helps to get rid from free radical and protect the body from disease attack. The purpose of writing this review article to study the benefits of nutrients present in banana like phenols, flavonoids, phytochemicals, potassium, vitamins, fiber on human health.


Abe R, Ohtani K. 2013. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on Batan Island, the Philippines 145(2), 554-565.

Aboul-Enein AM, Salama ZA, Gaafar AA, Aly HF, Faten A, Ahmed HA. 2016. Identification of phenolic compounds from banana peel (Musa paradaisica L.) as antioxidant and antimicrobial agents 8(4), 46-55.

Adamson SS, Ganiyu O. 2012. Aqueous Extracts from Unripe Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) Products Inhibit Key Enzymes Linked with Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension (In Vitro). 147(625), 1-7.

Adinarayana KP, Babu AP. 2011. Anti-oxidant activity and cytotoxicity of ethanolic extracts from rhizome of Musa acuminata 3(4), 291-294.

AgamaAcevedo E, IslasHernandez JJ, OsorioDíaz P, RendónVillalobos R, UtrillaCoello RG, Angulo O, BelloPérez LA. 2009. Pasta with unripe banana flour: Physical, texture, and preference study 74(6), S263-S267.

Al-Busaidi KT. 2013. Banana domestication on the Arabian Peninsula: a review of their domestication history 5(11), 194-203.

Al-Mqbali LR, Hossain MA. 2019. Cytotoxic and antimicrobial potential of different varieties of ripe banana used traditionally to treat ulcers 6, 1086-1090.

Al-Orf SM. 2010. Effect of Graded Levels of Dates Dietary Fiber on Weight Gain, Serum Glucose and Insulin Levels of Normal and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats 46(1), 65-73.

Amri FS, Hossain MA. 2018. Comparison of total phenols, flavonoids and antioxidant potential of local and imported ripe bananas 5(4), 245-251. https://

Angulo AD, Suaza MP, Romero K, Sampablo FZ, Huila NE. Dotación del recurso humano de enfermería según el grado de dependencia de los pacientes hospitalizados en el servicio de medicina interna del Hospital Universitario Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo Neiva 2014. [Internet]. Neiva: Universidad Surcolombiana; 2014 [Consultado 20 Abr 2017].

Anjum SH, Sundaram SH, Kumar Rai G. 2014. Banana peel oxalate oxidase-detection, purification, characterization and physiological role 7, 332-339.

Anyasi TA, Jideani AI, Mchau GR. 2018. Phenolics and essential mineral profile of organic acid pretreated unripe banana flour 104, 100-109.

Apostolopoulos V, Antonipillai J, Tangalakis K, Ashton JF, Stojanovska L. 2017. Let’s Go Bananas! Green Bananas and their Health Benefits 38(2), 147-151.

Aurore G, Parfait B, Fahrasmane L. 2009. Bananas, raw materials for making processed food products 20(2), 78-91. j.tifs.2008.10.003

Bagavan A, Rahuman AA, Kaushik NK, Sahal D. 2011. In vitro antimalarial activity of medicinal plant extracts against Plasmodium falciparum 108(1), 15-22. DOI 10.1007/s00436-010-2034-4

Barros L. 2020. Natural Antioxidants and Human Health Effects 26(16), 1757-1758.

Bhaskar JJ, Chilkunda ND, Salimath PV. 2012. Banana (Musa sp. var. elakki bale) flower and pseudostem: dietary fiber and associated antioxidant capacity 60(1), 427-432. /jf2

Bhaskar JJ, Salimath PV, Nandini CD. 2011. Stimulation of glucose uptake by Musa sp. (cv. elakki bale) flower and pseudostem extracts in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells 91(8), 1482-1487. /10.1002/jsfa.4337

Calberto G, Staver C, Siles P. 2015. An assessment of global banana production and suitability under climate change scenarios.

Carocho M, Morales P, Ferreira IC. 2018. Antioxidants: Reviewing the chemistry, food applications, legislation and role as preservatives 71, 107-120.

Costa ES, França CN, Fonseca FA, Kato JT, Bianco HT, Freitas TT, Fonseca HA, Neto AM, Izar MC. 2019. Beneficial effects of green banana biomass consumption in patients with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial 121(12), 1365-1375. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114519000576

D’Elia L, Barba G, Cappuccio FP, Strazzullo P. 2011. Potassium intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis of prospective studies 57(10), 1210-1219. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.09.070

Das JL. 2010. Medicinal and nutritional values of banana cv. NENDRAN. 5(1), 11-14.

Debabandya M, Sabyasachi M, Namrata S. 2010. Banana and its by-product utilization: an overview 69, 323-329.

Fahrasmane L, Parfait B, Aurore G. 2009. Bananas, a source of compounds with health properties. Paper presented at the III International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables-FAVHEALTH 2009 1040 (pp. 75-82).

González-Montelongo R, Lobo MG, González M. 2010. Antioxidant activity in banana peel extracts: Testing extraction conditions and related bioactive compounds 119(3), 1030-1039. 10. 1016 /j.foodchem.2009.08.012

He FJ, MacGregor GA. 2008. Beneficial effects of potassium on human health 133(4), 725-735.

Hernández-Ruiz Á, García-Villanova B, Guerra-Hernández E, Amiano P, Ruiz-Canela M, Molina-Montes E. 2019. A review of a priori defined oxidative balance scores relative to their components and impact on health outcomes. 11(4), 774.

Hettiaratchi UP, Ekanayake S, Welihinda J. 2011. Chemical compositions and glycemic responses to banana varieties 62(4), 307-309. 10. 3109 /09637486.2010.537254

Horie K, Hossain MS, Morita S, Kim Y, Yamatsu A, Watanabe Y, Ohgitani E, Mazda O, Kim M. 2020. The potency of a novel fermented unripe banana powder as a functional immunostimulatory food ingredient 70, 103980.

Izar MC, Costa ES, França CN, Fonseca FA, Kato J, Bianco HT, Freitas T, Fonseca HA, Figueiredo-Neto AM. 2018. Beneficial effects of green banana biomass consumption in patients with pre-diabetes and diabetes: A randomized controlled trial 275, e196.

Jahan M, Warsi MK, Khatoon F. 2010. Concentration influence on antimicrobial activity of banana blossom extract-incorporated chitosan-polyethylene glycol (CS-PEG) blended film 2(5), 373-378.

Ji L, Srzednicki G. 2013. Extraction of aromatic compounds from banana peels. Paper presented at the II Southeast Asia Symposium on Quality Management in Postharvest Systems 1088.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1088.99

Jyothirmayi N, Rao NM. 2015. Banana medicinal uses 4(2), 152-160.

Kale IA, Gore NS, Sarkate AP, Sakhale BK, Khandare AL, Sinha SN, Karnik KS, Pansare DN. Peel extract associated oxidative green dakin synthesis of some phenols using aqueous banana extract catalyst.

Khoozani AA, Birch J, Bekhit AE. 2019. Production, application and health effects of banana pulp and peel flour in the food industry 56(2), 548-559.

Kumar B. 2012. Theory of planned behaviour approach to understand the purchasing behaviour for environmentally sustainable products. http://hdl. handle. net /11718/11429

Kumar KS, Bhowmik D, Duraivel S, Umadevi M. 2012. Traditional and medicinal uses of banana 1(3), 51-63.

Kumar N, Pruthi V. 2014. Potential applications of ferulic acid from natural sources 4, 86-93. https:// /10.1016/j.btre.2014.09.002

Lau BF, Kong KW, Leong KH, Sun J, He X, Wang Z, Mustafa MR, Ling TC, Ismail A. 2020. Banana inflorescence: Its bio-prospects as an ingredient for functional foods 97, 14-28. https://

Liao S, Cheng G, Conner DA, Huang Y, Kucherlapati RS, Munn LL, Ruddle NH, Jain RK, Fukumura D, Padera TP. 2011. Impaired lymphatic contraction associated with immunosuppression 108(46), 18784-18789. https:// 10.1073/pnas.1116152108

Loganayaki N, Rajendrakumaran D, Manian S. 2010. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of different solvent extracts from banana (Musa paradisiaca) and mustai (Rivea hypocrateriformis) 19(5), 1251-1258. DOI: 10.1007/s10068-010-0179-7

Marangoni F, Poli A. 2010. Phytosterols and cardiovascular health 61(3), 193-199.

Mathew NS, Negi PSJJoe. 2017. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of wild banana (Musa acuminata Colla): A review 196, 124-140.

Menezes EW, Tadini CC, Tribess TB, Zuleta A, Binaghi J, Pak N, Vera G, Dan MC, Bertolini AC, Cordenunsi BR, Lajolo FM. (2011). Chemical composition and nutritional value of unripe banana flour (Musa acuminata, var. Nanicão) 66(3), 231-237. DOI 10.1007/s11130-011-0238-0

Mohapatra D, Mishra S, Sutar N. 2010. Banana and its by-product utilisation: an overview.

Mordi RC, Fadiaro AE, Owoeye TF, Olanrewaju IO, Uzoamaka GC, Olorunshola SJ. 2016. Identification by GC-MS of the components of oils of banana peels extract, phytochemical and antimicrobial analyses.

Mosa ZM, Khalil AF. 2015. The effect of banana peels supplemented diet on acute liver failure rats 60(2), 373-379. 2015.

Navghare VV, Dhawale SC. 2017. In vitro antioxidant, hypoglycemic and oral glucose tolerance test of banana peels 53(3), 237-243.

Odenigbo M, Inya-Osuu J. 2012. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a tertiary health care centre, Umuahia, Nigeria 3(3), 187-191.

Ogunlade I, Adediran OS, Azeez MA, Awoyinka OA, Ajayi DD, Raimi TH, Olanipekun AD. 2019. Physiochemical Analysis of Five Varieties of Banana Commonly Consumed in Nigeria.

Oliveira L, Freire CS, Silvestre AJ, Cordeiro N. 2008. Lipophilic extracts from banana fruit residues: a source of valuable phytosterols 56(20), 9520-9524.

P Choudhary S, S Tran L. 2011. Phytosterols: perspectives in human nutrition and clinical therapy 18(29), 4557-4567. 711797287593

Padam BS, Tin HS, Chye FY, Abdullah MI. 2014. Banana by-products: an under-utilized renewable food biomass with great potential 51(12), 3527-3545. DOI: 10.1007/s13197-012-0861-2

Pan SH, Recht D, Charnvanichborikarn S, Williams JS, Aziz MJ. 2015. Enhanced visible and near-infrared optical absorption in silicon supersaturated with chalcogens 98(12), 121913.

Pereira A, Maraschin M. 2015. Banana (Musa spp) from peel to pulp: ethnopharmacology, source of bioactive compounds and its relevance for human health 160, 149-163. 2014.11.008

Perez-Vizcaino F, Duarte J. 2010. Flavonols and cardiovascular disease 31(6), 478-494. https:// /10.1016/j.mam.2010.09.002

Pitak N, Rakshit SK. 2011. Physical and antimicrobial properties of banana flour/chitosan biodegradable and self sealing films used for preserving fresh-cut vegetables 44(10), 2310-2315.

Qusti SY, Abo-Khatwa AN, Lahwa MA. 2010. Free radical scavenging enzymes of fruit plant species cited in the Holy Quran 9(3), 338-344.

Rakotoniaina AL. 2018. How to increase fruit and vegetable consumption: A multistakeholder approach for improved health outcomes—A report from the Alliance for Food & Health 37(3), 251-266.

Rao NM, Prasad SH, Jyothirmayi N. 2012. Efficacy of ripened and unripened fruit extracts of Musa X paradisiaca L. (Bontha cultivar) against human pathogens 4(1), 455-460.

Rebello LP, Ramos AM, Pertuzatti PB, Barcia MT, Castillo-Muñoz N, Hermosín-Gutiérrez I. 2014. Flour of banana (Musa AAA) peel as a source of antioxidant phenolic compounds 55, 397-403. https://

Reinisalo M, Kårlund A, Koskela A, Kaarniranta K, Karjalainen RO. 2015. Polyphenol stilbenes: molecular mechanisms of defence against oxidative stress and aging-related diseases 2015.

Riaz T, Abbasi AM, Shahzadi T, Ajaib M, Khan MK. 2012. Phytochemical screening, free radical scavenging, antioxidant activity and phenolic content of Dodonaea viscosa. 77(4), 423-435. https:// /10.2298/JSC110621183R

Rodriguez-Amaya DB. 2010. Quantitative analysis, in vitro assessment of bioavailability and antioxidant activity of food carotenoids—A review 23(7), 726-740. 2010.

Septembre-Malaterre A, Stanislas G, Douraguia E, Gonthier MP. 2016. Evaluation of nutritional and antioxidant properties of the tropical fruits banana, litchi, mango, papaya, passion fruit and pineapple cultivated in Réunion French Island 212, 225-233. 05.

Serafino A, Vallebona PS, Andreola F, Zonfrillo M, Mercuri L, Federici M, Rasi G, Garaci E, Pierimarchi P. 2008. Stimulatory effect of Eucalyptus essential oil on innate cell-mediated immune response 9(1), 17.

Sheng ZW, Ma WH, Jin ZQ, Bi Y, Sun ZG, Dou HT, Li JY, Han LN. 2010. Investigation of dietary fiber, protein, vitamin E and other nutritional compounds of banana flower of two cultivars grown in China 9(25), 3888-3895.

Shruthi D. 2019. Medicinal uses of banana (Musa paradisiaca) 12(1).

Sidhu JS, Zafar TA. 2018. Bioactive compounds in banana fruits and their health benefits 2(4), 183-188.

Singh B, Singh JP, Kaur A, Singh N. 2016. Bioactive compounds in banana and their associated health benefits–A review 206, 1-11. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.03.033

Sulaiman SF, Yusoff NA, Eldeen IM, Seow EM, Sajak AA, Ooi KL. 2011. Correlation between total phenolic and mineral contents with antioxidant activity of eight Malaysian bananas (Musa sp.). 24(1), 1-10. 04. 005

Sundaram S, Anjum S, Dwivedi P, Rai GK. 2011. Antioxidant activity and protective effect of banana peel against oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocyte at different stages of ripening 164(7), 1192-1206. DOI: 10.1007/s12010-011-9205-3

Swanson MD, Winter HC, Goldstein IJ, Markovitz DM. 2010. A lectin isolated from bananas is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication 285(12), 8646-8655.

Tavakkoli-Kakhki M, Motavasselian M, Mosaddegh M, Esfahani MM, Kamalinejad M, Nematy M, Eslami S. 2014. Omega-3 and omega-6 content of medicinal foods for depressed patients: implications from the Iranian Traditional Medicine 4(4), 225.

Tepal P. 2016. Phytochemical screening, total flavonoid and phenolic content assays of various solvent extracts of tepal of Musa paradisiaca 20(5), 1181-1190. DOI:

Touwaide A, Appetiti E. 2013. Knowledge of Eastern materia medica (Indian and Chinese) in pre-modern Mediterranean medical traditions: A study in comparative historical ethnopharmacology 148(2), 361-378.

Tsamo CV, Herent MF, Tomekpe K, Emaga TH, Quetin-Leclercq J, Rogez H, Larondelle Y, Andre C. 2015. Phenolic profiling in the pulp and peel of nine plantain cultivars (Musa sp.) 167, 197-204.

Tubiello FN, Salvatore M, Rossi S, Ferrara A, Fitton N, Smith P. 2013. The FAOSTAT database of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture 8(1), 015009. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015009

Vilela C, Santos SA, Villaverde JJ, Oliveira L, Nunes A, Cordeiro N, Freire CS, Silvestre AJ. 2014. Lipophilic phytochemicals from banana fruits of several Musa species 162, 247-252. https:// 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.04.050

Vu HT, Scarlett CJ, Vuong QV. 2018. Phenolic compounds within banana peel and their potential uses: A review 40, 238-248. /j.jff.2017.11.006

Williamson EM, Liu X, Izzo AA. 2020. Trends in use, pharmacology, and clinical applications of emerging herbal nutraceuticals 177(6), 1227-1240.

Yang J, Tu J, Liu H, Wen L, Jiang Y, Yang B. 2019. Identification of an immunostimulatory polysaccharide in banana 277, 46-53. /10.1016 /j.foodchem.2018.10.043

Yin X, Quan J, Kanazawa T. 2008. Banana prevents plasma oxidative stress in healthy individuals 63(2), 71-76. DOI 10.1007/s11130-008-0072-1

Zafar IM, Saleha A, Hoque MM, Sohel RM. 2011. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties of different extracts of Musa sapientum L. subsp. sylvestris 2, 62-65.