Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2019

| Download 7

Heavy metal concentrations in roadside soil of cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

Jonalyn L. Olarte, Ronnie L. Besagas

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.14(2), 190-196, February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.190-196


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


An investigation was conducted to study the heavy metal concentration and other physico-chemical parameters of the roadside soil in the 2nd Congressional District of Cagayan de Oro City. The samples were collected from seven different locations and analyzed for pH, conductivity, organic matter, and the heavy metals—Cd, Cu, and Pb. The pH of the soil is in the ranged between 7.85 to 8.54 while the conductivity and organic matter of the soil varies between locations with the highest value of 259 μS/cm and 5.54%, respectively. The average concentrations of metals in soils were 0.21 mg/kg Cd (ranged between 0.07 to 0.51 mg/kg), 87.7 mg/kg Cu (ranged between 61.0 to 169.7 mg/kg), and 97.6 mg/kg Pb (ranged between 43.2 To 264.0 mg/kg). Overall, the concentrations of heavy metals can be ordered as Pb > Cu > Cd. A higher concentration of heavy metals was observed in the soils collected from areas where there are frequent traffic congestions happen due to high traffic volume. The concentrations of heavy metals in roadside soils of District 2, Cagayan de Oro City were considered medium or low in comparison with those in other cities around the world.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Heavy metal concentrations in roadside soil of cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

Akbar KF, Headley AD, Hale WHG, Athar M. 2006. Soil & Water Research 4, 158–163.

Alberta Environmental Protection. 1996. Alberta water quality guideline for the protection of freshwater aquatic life: Copper. Retrieved from https://open.alberta.ca/publications/1796861

Ali ST, Mahmooduzzafar, Abdin MZ, Iqbal M. 2008. Journal of Environmental Biology 29, 661–668.

Aslam J, Khan SA, Khan SH. 2013. Heavy metals contamination in roadside soil near different traffic signals in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society 17(3), 315–319. Elsevier.

Baker JM, Ochsner TE, Venterea RT, Griffis TJ. 2007. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 118, 1–5.

Chen X, Xia X, Zhao Y, Zhang P. 2010. Heavy metal concentrations in roadside soils and correlation with urban traffic in Beijing, China. Journal of hazardous materials 181(1-3), 640–6.

Cicchella D, De Vivi B, Lima A. 2005. Background and baseline concentration values of elements harmful to human health in the volcanic soils of metropolitan and provincial area of Napoli (Italy). Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 5, 29–40.

Davies BE, Hololmes PL. 1972. Journal of Agricultural Science 79, 479–484.

Dolan MS, Clapp CE, Allmaras RR, Baker JM, Molina JAE. 2006. Soil & Tillage Research 89, 221–231.

Fergusson JE. 1991. The Heavy Elements: Chemistry Environment Impact and Health Effects. Pergamon, Oxford London.

Garcıa R, Millan E. 1998. Assessment of Cd, Pb and Zn in Roadside Soils and Grasses from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Chemosphere 37, 1615–1625.

Gibson MG. Farmer JG. 1986. Multi-step chemical extraction of heavy metals from urban soils. Environmental Pollution B 11, 117–135.

Hafen MR, Brinkmann R. 1996. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 18, 171–179.

Ho YB, Tai KM. 1988.Elevated Levels of Lead and Other Metals in Roadside Soil and Grass and their Use to Monitor Aerial Metal Deposition in Hong Kong. Environmental Pollution 49, 37–51.

Jarup L. 2003. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin 68, 167–182.

Kacholi DS, Sahu M. 2018. Levels and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soil, Water, and Vegetables of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Journal of Chemistry, 2018. Hindawi.

Lee CS, LiXD, Shi WZ, Cheung SC, Thornton I. 2006. Metal contamination in urban, suburban, and country park soils of Hong Kong: a study based on GIS and multivariate statistics. The Science of the Total Environment 356, 45–61.

Li X, Poon C, Liu PM. 2001. Heavy metal contamination of urban soils and street dusts in Hongkong. Applied Geochemistry 16, 1361–1368.

Martin S, Griswold W. 2009. Human Health Effects of Heavy Metals. Center for Hazardous Substance Research. Kansas State University. Retrieved from http://www.engg.ksu.edu/CHSR/outreach/docs/15/HumanHealthEffectofHeavyMetals.pdf

Navarrete IA, Gabiana CC, Dumo JRE, Salmo SG, Guzman MALG, Valera NS, Espiritu EQ. 2017. Heavy metal concentrations in soils and vegetation in urban areas of Quezon City, Philippines. Environmental monitoring and assessment 189(4), 145. Springer.

Sa´nchez-Martin MJ, Sa´nchez-Camazano M, Lorenzo LF. 2000. Cadmium andLead Contents inSuburban and Urban Soils from Two Medium-Sized Cities ofSpain: Influence of Traffic Intensity. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 64, 250–257.

Silva ALO, Barrocas PRG, Jacob SC, Moreira JC. 2005. Brazil Journal of Plant Physiology 17, 79–93.

Swaileh K, Rabay’a N, Salim R, Ezzughayyar A,Rabbo AA. 2001. Concentrations of heavy metals in roadside soils, plants, and landsnails from the West Bank, Palestine. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 36(5), 765–778. Taylor & Francis.

Thornton I. 1991. Metal contamination of soils in urban areas. In: Bullock P., Gregory P.J. (Eds.) Soils in the Urban Environment. Blackwell, p 47-75.

Turer D, Maynard JB. 2003. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policies 4, 235–245.

Wheeler GL, Rolfe GL. 1979. Environmental Pollution 18, 265–274.

Yoshinori I, Shouta MMN, Kaampwe M, Kennedy C, Hiroki T, Naoharu M, Mayumi I. 2010. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 4(11), 729–739.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background