Heavy metal pollution in sediments in the vicinity of Barapukuria coal mine, north western Bangladesh

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Heavy metal pollution in sediments in the vicinity of Barapukuria coal mine, north western Bangladesh

Farhana Naznin, Asma Binta Hasan, A.H.M. Selim Reza, Sohail Kabir, Mohammad Nazim Zaman, Mohammad Nazmul Haque
Int. J. Biosci.12( 1), 6-17, January 2018.
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This study reveals that the total concentrations of heavy metals in sediments of Barapukuria coal mine area were determined to assess the degree of pollution. When compared the average concentrations of heavy metals with recommended value of unpolluted sediments it was seen that Ti, Zr, Ni, Cr, Cu, Fe and Zn exceeded these value highly. Enrichment factors (EF), Geo-accumulation index (Igeo) and Potential contamination index were used to quantify sediment pollution. The sediment samples showed severe to extremely severe enrichment with Cr; moderate to moderately severe enrichment with Y; minor to moderately severe enrichment with Zr and Ni; and minor enrichment with Ti, Rb, Ba, Cu and Zn demonstrating input from mining activities. The Igeo values inferred that the sediments were heavily contaminated to extremely contaminated by Cr; moderately to heavily contaminated by Ni and Y; moderately contaminated by Zr and Ti; and uncontaminated to moderately contaminated by Rb, Ba, Cu and Zn. Potential contamination indices of the sediment samples indicated that Cr showed very severe contamination; Ni, Y, Zr and Ti showed extensive contamination; and Cu, Zn, Ba, Rb and Fe showed moderate contamination.


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