Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

VIEWS 2
| Download 7

Hepatic assessment of duck layers (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) from semi-free range farms in Misamis Occidental and Zamboanga del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines

Jade Marie M. Sobrepeña, Henry I. Rivero, Olga M. Nuñeza

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.8(4), 111-123, April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/8.4.111-123

Certification:

IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Farmers in the Philippines are accustomed to raising mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) in a semi-free range management system where ducks are not totally confined within cages or houses. This study assessed the hepatic status of layer ducks with age range of 13-24 months from two farms practicing semi-free range management system in Misamis Occidental (Group I, n=10) and Zamboanga del Sur (Group II, n=9). Determination of hepatosomatic index (HSI), identification of external manifestations of liver lesions, and histopathological examination were conducted after a 30-day period of rearing in confinement in Iligan City. The HSI of the sexually mature and laying hens from Group II (2.47±0.832%) was higher than that of Group I, (2.22±0.57%). Approximately 70% of the liver samples from the two farms were observed to have signs of necrosis and fatty liver conditions. Histological examinations of liver showed hepatocytes with minimal to extensive vacuolations, dilated hepatic sinusoids and canaliculi, and lymphocytic infiltrations, which are all signs of hepatic tissue damage caused by still unknown toxicants. Environmental factors brought about by the type of farm management could have adverse effects on the hepatic status of the duck layers.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Hepatic assessment of duck layers (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) from semi-free range farms in Misamis Occidental and Zamboanga del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines

Andre   JM,    Guy   G,   Gontier-Latonnelle    K, Bernadet MD, Davail B, Hoo-Paris R, Davail S. 2007. Influence of lipoprotein-lipase activity on plasma triacylglycerol concentration and lipid storage in three genotypes of ducks. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 148(4), 899–902.

Binkowski LJ, Sawicka-Kapusta K, Szarek J, Strzyżewska E, Felsmann M. 2013. Histopathology of liver and kidneys of wild living Mallards Anas platyrhynchos and Coots Fulica atra with considerable concentrations of lead and cadmium. Science of the Total Environment 450– 451, 326–333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.002

Bokori J, Fekete S. 1995. Complex study of the physiological role of Cadmium. I. Cadmium and its physiological role. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 43, 3– 43.

Brunt EM, Tiniakos DG. 2010. Histopathology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. (Review). World Journal of Gastroenterology 16(42), 5286-5296. http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v16.i42.5286

Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS). 1987. Backyard Livestock and Poultry Survey: Manual of Operations  Department of Agriculture. Diliman, Quezon City.

Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS). 2012. Poultry and eggs: Volume of production by poultry products, geolocation, period and year (2002-2012). Retrieved from http://www.bas.gov.ph

Calaf GM, Parra E, Garrido F. 2007. Cell proliferation and tumor formation induced by eserine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, in rat mammary gland. Oncology Reports 17(1), 25-33.

Chambon P, Dierich A, Gaub MP, Jakowlev S, Jongstra J, Krust A, Lepennec J-P, Oudet P, Reudelhuber T. 1984. Promoter elements of genes coding for proteins and modulation of transcription by estrogens and progesterone. Recent Progress in Hormone Research 40, 1-42.

Chang H, Dagaas CT. 2004. The Philippine Duck Industry: Issues and Research Needs. Working Paper Series in Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of England, 1-31 P.

Chang H, Dagaas C, de Castro N, Ranola R, Lambio A, Malabayuabas M. 2003. An Overview of the Philippine Duck Industry. Australian Center for International Agricultural Research, p. 1–27.

Chang H, Villano R. 2008. Technical and Socio-Economic Constraints to Duck Production in the Philippines: A Productivity Analysis. International Journal of Poultry Science 7(10), 940-948.

Chang H, Villlano R, Velasco ML, de Castro NL, Lambio AL. 2008. Duck Egg Production in the Philippines: Results from a Farm Survey. Philippine Journal of Veterinary Medicine 45, 95-108.

Chartrin P, Bernadet MD, Guy G, Mourot J, Hocquette JF, Rideau N, Duclos MJ, Baéza E. 2006. Does overfeeding enhance genotype effects on liver ability for lipogenesis and lipid secretion in ducks?. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 145(3), 390–396.

Davail S, Rideau N, Guy G, Andre JM, Hermier D, Hoo-Paris R. 2003. Hormonal and metabolic responses to overfeeding in three genotypes of ducks. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 134(4), 707–715.

Ellakany HF, Abu-akkada SS, Oda SS, El-Sayed YS. 2011. Influence of low levels of dietary aflatoxins on Eimeria tenella infections in broilers. Tropical Animal Health and Production 43(1), 249–257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9685-0.

Florijančić T, Opačak A, Bošković I, Jelkić D, Ozimec S, Bogdanović T, Listeš I, Škrivanko M, Puškadija Z. 2009. Heavy metal concentrations in the liver of two wild duck species: influence of species and gender. Italian Journal of Animal Science 8(3), 222-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2009.s3.222

Friedman SL. 2003. Liver fibrosis – from bench to bedside. Journal of Hepatology 38(1), S38–S53.

Friend M. 1999. Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Bacterial Diseases. Field manual of wildlife diseases: general field procedures and diseases of birds. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, p. 121-126.

He J, Zhang KY, Chen DW, Ding XM, Feng GD, and Ao X.2013. Effects of maize naturally contaminated with aflatoxin B1 on growth performance, blood profiles and hepatichistopathology in ducks. Livestock Science 152(2-3), 192–199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2012.12.019

Hermier D, Guy G, Guillaumin S, Davail S, Andre JM, Hoo-Paris R. 2003. Differential channelling of liver lipids in relation to susceptibility to hepatic steatosis in two species of ducks. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 135(4), 663– 675.

Hill R. 1979. A review of the toxic effects of rapeseed meal with observations on meal from improved varieties. British Veterinary Journal 135, 3-16.

Hoffman DJ. 2002. Role of selenium toxicity and oxidative stress in aquatic birds. Aquatic Toxicology 57 (1-2), 11-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-445X(01)00263-6

2016a.   Bonifacio,   Misamis    Occidental.   Retrieved February 29, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonifacio,_Misamis_Occidental  https://en.wikipedia.org

2016b. Pagadian. Retrieved February 29, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagadian

Kalisińska E, Salicki W, Mysłek P, Kavetska KM, Jackowski A. 2004. Using the Mallard to biomonitor heavy metal contamination of wetlands in northwestern Poland. The Science of the Total Environment 320(2-3), 145-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.08.014

Kalisinska E, Kosik-Bogacka DI, Lisowski P, Lanocha N, Jackowski A. 2013. Mercury in the Body of the Most Commonly Occurring European Game Duck, the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L. 1758), From Northwestern Poland. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 64(4), 583–593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-012-9860-6

Klatt EC. 2013. The Internet Pathology Laboratory for Medical Education.The University of Utah Eccles Health Sciences Library. Retrieved from http://library.med.utah.edu/WebPath/LIVEHTML/L IVERIDX.html

Lenhardt M, Jarić I, Cakić P, Cvijanović G, Gačić Z, Kolarević J. 2009. Seasonal changes in condition, hepatosomatic index and parasitism in sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L.). Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences 33(3), 209-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/vet-0710-14

Malik K, Lone KP, Khansa, Rashid F, Fakhar-un-Nisa, Naz S, Sharif S, Awan K. 2012. Effect of feeding rapeseed meal on the liver weight and hepato-somatic index (HSI) content of liver of Japanese quail. African Journal of Microbiology Research 6(9), 1918-1923. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJMR11.897

Mountouris A, Voutsas E, Tassios D. 2002. Bioconcentration of heavy metals in aquatic environments: the importance of bioavailability. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(10), 1136–1141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00168-6

National Institute of Health (NIH). 2002 ImageJ software – Image processing and analysis in java. Retrieved from http://imagej.nih.gov/ij/

Ortatatli M, O˘guz H, Hatipo˘glu F, Karaman M.  2005.  Evaluation  of  pathological  changes  in broilers during chronic aflatoxin (50 and 100 ppb) and clinoptilolite exposure.  Research in Veterinary Science 78(1), 61–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2004.06.006

Ortizo KA, Cuyacot AR, Mahilum JJ. M, Rivero HI, Nuñeza OM. 2014 Plasma biochemistry levels and hematological parameters in Mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos Linn.) from selected semi-free range duck farms in Misamis Occidental and Zamboanga Del Sur, Philippines. Animal Biology and Animal Husbandry -International Journal of the Bioflux Society 6(1), 50-62.

Pain DJ, Meharg AA, Ferrer M, Taggart MA, Penterian V. 2005. Lead concentrations in bones and feathers of the globally threatened Spanish imperial eagle. Biological Conservation 121, 603–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.06.012

Pyle GG, Rajotte JW, Couture P. 2005. Effects of industrial metals on wild fish populations along a metal contamination gradient. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 61(3), 287-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2004.09.003

Ramadori G, Moriconi F, Malik I, Dudas J. 2008. Physiology and Pathophysiology of Liver Inflammation, Damage and Repair. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 59(1), 107-117.

Sadekarpawar S, Parikh P. 2013. Gonadosomatic and Hepatosomatic Indices of Freshwater Fish Oreochromis mossambicus in Response to a Plant Nutrient. World Journal of Zoology 8(1), 110-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wjz.2013.8.1.7268

Scheuhammer AM, Norris SL. 1995. A review of the environmental impacts of lead shot shell ammunition and lead fishing weights in Canada. Occasional Paper, Ontario: Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, p.1-56.

Singh KP, Mohan D, Singh VK, Malik A. 2005. Studies  on  distribution  and  fractionation  of  heavy metals in Gomti river sediments—a tributary of the Ganges, India. Journal of Hydrology 312(1-4), 14–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.01.021

Teleb HM, Hegazy AA, Hussein YA. 2004. Efficiency of kaolin and activated charcoal to reduce the toxicity of low level of aflatoxin in broilers. Scientific Journal of King Faisal University (Basic and Applied Sciences) 5, 145–160.

Tuene S, Gundersen AC, Emblem W, Fossen I, Boje J Steingrund P, Ofstad LH. 2002. Maturation and Occurrence of atresia in oocytes of Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides W) in waters of Iceland. In: Gundersen AC, Ed. Reproduction of West-Nordic Greenland halibut: Studies Reflecting on Maturity, Fecundity, Spawning, and TEP, Nordic Council of Ministers, 39-69 P.

Tylmann   W,   Gołębiewski   R,   Woźniak   PP, Czarnecka K. 2007. Heavy metals in sediments as evidence for recent pollution and quasi-estuarine processes: an example from Lake Druzno, Poland. Environmental Geology 53(1), 35–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0616-3

Vega RSA, Rivero HI, Nadela HD, Genturo NC, Cañete JAO, Pural ALT, Lambio Al. 2009. Alterations in Pateros duck development after in ovo acute exposure to 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The 9th Philippine Society for the Study of Nature (PSSN) National Conference, 12-15 November 2009, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, Philippines

Vega RSA, Capitan SS, Lambio AL, Garcia BR, Rivero HI. 2011. Low Levels of Organochlorine Residues in Combination with Cadmium in Feed at Peripubertal Stage of Domestic Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos Linn.). Journal of Environmental Science and Management 14(2), 21-27.

Yang Q, Zhao X, Zang L, Fang X, Zhao J, Yang X, Wang Q, Zheng L, Chang J. 2012. Anti- hepatitis B virus activities of a-DDB–FNC, a novel nucleoside–biphenyldicarboxylate compound in cells and ducks, and its anti-immunological liver injury effect in mice. Antiviral Research 96(3), 333–339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.10.003.

Zheng A, Liu G, Zhang Y, Hou S, Chang W, Zhang S, Cai H, Chen G. 2012. Proteomic analysis of liver development of lean Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domestica). J.Proteomics. 75(17), 5396-5413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2012.06.019

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background