Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Host status of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) against Charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in arid region of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Muhammad Arshad Hussain, Muhammad Naveed Aslam, Arfa Bakht, Rashid Usman, Muhammad Sajjad, Saeed Ahmad

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.9(6), 303-310, December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.6.303-310

Certification:

IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study was aimed to identify resistance in elite sunflower genotypes against charcoal rot disease for variety improvement program. Sixteen sunflower genotypes were selected to check the disease severity of charcoal rot. It was revealed that all the genotypes were susceptible to charcoal rot disease. The genotype 14068 was highly susceptible against the disease with high reduction in yield; however, genotypes 14013, 14052, 14082 and 14095 were resistant against the disease based on rating scale and resulted in high yield in arid region of Bahawalpur. Resistant genotypes need to be selected in breeding program to release new sunflower lines highly resistant against charcoal rot to feed ever increasing population of the world.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Host status of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) against Charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in arid region of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Ahmad I, Burney K. 1990. Macrophomina phaseolina infection and charcoal rot development in sunflower under field condition. In 3rd  International Conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics, Genting Highlands, Pahang. Malaysian Plant Protection Society.

Ahmad I, Iftikhar S, Bhutta AR. 1993. Seed borne microorganism in Pakistan.

Ali  S, Dennis J. 1992. Host range and physiologic specialisation of Macrophomina phaseolina isolated from field peas in South Australia. Animal Production Science 32(8), 1121-1125.

Anis M, Zaki MJ, Dawar S. 2010. Effect of oil seed cakes alone or in combination with Trichoderma species for the control of charcoal rot of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 4329-33.

Bajwa R, Shafique S, Shafique  S. 2007. Evaluation of antifungal activity of aqueous extracts of two asteraceous plant species. Mycopath 5, 29-33.

Cloud G, Rupe J. 1991. Comparison of three media for enumeration of sclerotia of Macrophomina phaseolina. Plant disease 75, 771-72.

Duke S, Dayan F, Romagni J, Rimando A. 2000. Natural products as sources of herbicides: current status and future trends. Weed Research-Oxford 40, 99-112.

Fakir GA, Rao M, Thirumalachar M. 1976. Seed transmission of Macrophomina phaseolina charcoal rot in sunflower Fungal diseases. Plant Disease Reporter.

Gulya T, Krupinsky J, Draper M, Charlet L. 2002. First report of charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina on sunflower in North and South Dakota. Plant disease 86, 923.

Gupta GK, Sharma SK, Ramteke R. 2012. Biology, epidemiology and management of the pathogenic fungus Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid with special reference to charcoal rot of soybean (Glycine max L.) Journal of phytopathology, 160(4), 167-180.

Ijaz S, Sadaqat H, Khan M. 2013. A review of the impact of charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina on sunflower. The Journal of Agricultural Science 151, 222-227.

Iqbal U, Mukhtar T. 2014. Morphological and pathogenic variability among Macrophomina phaseolina isolates associated with mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Wilczek from Pakistan. Science World Journal. 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/950175.

Iqbal U, Mukhtar T, Iqbal SM. 2014. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of antifungal activities of some antagonistic plants against charcoal rot causing fungus, Macrophomina phaseolina. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51, 689–694.

James WC. 1971.An illustrated series of assessment keys for plant diseases. Their preparation and usage. Canadian Plant Disease Survey 5, 39-65.

Kaiser S, Das S. 1988. Physical factors that influence the growth and spread of charcoal rot pathogen Macrophomina phaseolina infecting maize. Journal of Phytopathology 12(3), 47-51.

Khan SN. 2007. Macrophomina phaseolina as causal agent for charcoal rot of sunflower. Mycopath 5, 111-11

Liddell CM. 1999. Soil effects on pest populations. Handbook of Pest Management. Marcel Decker, Inc., New York, USA, 35-55.

Mirza M. 1984.Occurrence of sunflower diseases in Pakistan. Proceedings of the National Sunflower Workshop, PARC,  31-32.

Mukhtar I. 2009. Sunflower disease and insect pests in Pakistan: A review. African Crop Science Journal 17(2).

Norton DC. 1953. Linear growth of Sclerotium bataticola through soil. Phytopathology 43, 633-36.

Rehman A, Bibi  R, Ullah M. 2006. Screening of different sunflower cultivars against root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences Pakistan.

Ricker AJ,  Ricker AS. 1936. Introduction to Reserches on Plant Diseases. John S Swift and Co. Inc,. St. Louis Chicago 117.

Rodriguez D, Romero-García J, Rodríguez-García R, Angulo-Sanchez J. 2002. Characterization of proteins from sunflower leaves and seeds: relationship of biomass and seed yield. Trends in new crops and new uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA, 143-149.

Sharfun-Nahar MM, Hashmi M. 2005. Seed-borne mycoflora of sunflower Helianthus annuus L.. Pakistan Journel of Botonay 37, 451-57.

Smith WH. 1969. Germination of Macrophomina phaseoli sclerotia as effected by Pinus lambertiana root exudate. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 15, 1387-1391.

Steven M, Rana M, Mirza M, Khan M. 1987. The survey of sunflower crop in Pakistan. Oilseed Programme, NARC, Islamabad.h SO, Schneider R, Russin J. 2001. Host specialization in the charcoal rot fungus, Macrophomina phaseolina. Phytopathology 91, 120-126.

Ullah H, Khan MA, Sahi S, Sohail A. 2010. Identification of resistant sources against charcoalrot disease in sunflower advance lines/varieties. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 22, 105-107.

Vaidehi B, Manoharachary C, Purohit D, Ram Reddy S, Charya S, Girisham S. 2002. Seed Mycoflora of sunflower-a perspective. Frontiers in microbial biotechnology and plant pathology, 25-40.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background