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Households waste water effects on medicinal plant (Achillea santolina L.) and its soil characteristics

Abdul Malik, Saadullah Khan Leghari, Mudassir Asrar, Shahjahan Shabbir Ahmed Rana, Tariq Ismail, Zsolt Ponya, Saeed-ur-Rahman Kakar, Abdul Kabir Khan Achackzai, Atta Muhammed Sarangzai

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Int. J. Biosci.13(5), 389-401, November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.6.389-401


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This investigation was done in botanical garden university of Balochistan Quetta, medicinal plants Achillea santolina L. were irrigated by four different types of water including municipal waste water, semi-treated wastewater, completely treated waste water and ground water (Tube well). Results of the study indicated that the continual usage of polluted water for irrigating purpose led to the enhancement of micro-nutrients as well as heavy metals in the soil. Our results also showed significant variation in the physiological, biochemical and growth characteristic of Achillea santolina L. with respect to different water treatments. Per plant biomass and total yield/per plant was found non- significantly higher in waste water plants as compared to the ground and treated water plants. Similarly rate of translocation and uptake of heavy metals were also found maximum in plants grown in waste water as compared to other waters. On the other hand the plants irrigated with wastewater produced least secondary metabolites and antioxidants, as compared to the ground and other treated waste water. Among the heavy metals, Zn and Mn showed highest uptake and between the plant parts (leaves and flowers) the maximum uptake was noted in leaves then flowers. The least production of metabolites and antioxidants might be reduce the remedial activities of Achillea santolina L. and increase the uptake of heavy metals contents moreover it reduce the tolerant efficiency of pants against the negative impact of heavy metals and thus not improve the yield and biomass potential in plants irrigated by waste water.


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Households waste water effects on medicinal plant (Achillea santolina L.) and its soil characteristics

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