Human and natural degradation of euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica Oliv.) stands in Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2017
Views (245) Download (9)

Human and natural degradation of euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica Oliv.) stands in Iran

Hossein Tavakoli Neko, Anoushirvan Shirvany, Mohammad Hassan Assareh, Mohammad Reza Naghavi, Mohammad Pessarakli
J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 4), 90-93, April 2017.
Certificate: JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


This study was carried out in 2014-2015 to evaluate the genetic diversity of Euphrates poplar Populus euphratica populations in some natural habitats in Iran. P. euphratica trees with relatively high resistance to environmental stress such as drought, salinity, heat and cold conditions. It has been able a unique ecological and environmental effects in different areas of arid and semi-arid climate. The trees on the river margin have been challenged with the development of agricultural land and unfortunately, some farmers have been eradicated them. Also presence of livestock in natural stands of these trees can disrupt regeneration and they will not be able to revitalize, thus they destroying in the next time. The other factor threatening them is the timber felling of trees for firewood and woody needs by villagers. One of the important Euphrates poplar stands in Iran that go to extinction is Gherkhlar, Marand in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. Unfortunately the Euphrates poplar trees with old age due to poor habitat and human threats cannot revitalize and endangered extinct.


Calagari M. 2005. Genetic variation on natural population of Populus  euphratica Olive. By isoenzymes of peroxidases. 4th Biotechnology conference of Iran, Kerman, Iran.

Khamzina A, Lamers JPA, Worbes M, Botman E, Vlek PLG. 2006. Assessing the Potential of Trees for Afforestation of Degraded Landscapes in the Aral Sea Basin of Uzbekistan. Agroforestry Systems 66 (2), 129-141.

Malakouti MJ, Saadat PKS, Kholdebarin B. 2003. Plant Nutrition under saline Conditions. Sana publication: Tehran, 233 p.

Ottow EA, Brinker M, Teichmann T, Kaiser EW. 2005. Populus euphratica Displays Apoplastic Sodium Accumulation, Osmotic Adjustment by Decreases in Calcium and Soluble Carbohydrates, and Develops Leaf Succulence under Salt Stress. Plant Physiology 139, 1762–1772.

Phan CT, Jorgensen J, Jouve L, Hausman JF, Polle A, Teichmann T. 2004. Micropagation of Populus euphratica Olive. Belgian Journal of Botany 137 (2), 175 -180.

Rae AM, Street NR, Rodinguez-Acosta M. 2007. Populus tree. In: Kole C, Ed. Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants, Vol 7. Forest Trees Springer, 1-28.

Sabeti, H. 1994. Forests, trees and shrubs of Iran. Yazd university publications, Yazd, Iran.

TavakoliNeko H, Shirvany A, Assareh MH, Naghavi R, Pessarakli M. 2016. Genetic diversity in some euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica Olive.) populations in Iran using microsatellites (SSRs) markers.  Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES) 9(1), 434-440.

Wang J, Wu Y, Ren G, Guo Q, Liu J. 2011. Genetic Differentiation and Delimitation among Ecologically Diverged Populus euphratica and P. pruinosa. PLoS ONE 6(10), e26530.

Zhenda Z, Shu L, Xinmin D. 1988. Desertification and rehaabilitation in China. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands: Tehran 324 p.