Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2018

| Download

Hydrothermal characterization of groundwater in the Tamlouka Plain and its surroundings (Northeast Algeria)

Samir Djorfi, Laroussi Beloulou, Saadane Djorfi, Mohamed Djidel, Salima Guechi

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.12(2), 77-85, February 2018


JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Located in the North East of Algeria, the Tamlouka-Ain Makhlouf Plain contains several aquifers. Some layers include locally hot water with relatively high temperature (30 to 72°C). In order to elucidate the mode of deposit and circulation of such waters and to evaluate the thermal water potential in the basin, a multidisciplinary approach that focused on geology, geophysics, hydrodynamics and hydrochemistry was used. This approach pointed out that the basin occupies an intermediate structural position between the Tellian domain, the neritic domain and the Sellaoua unit. It is also characterized by the presence of a series of horsts formed by the Lias to Miocene limestones and dolomites, on one hand, and grabens filled by alluvial formations of the Mio-Plio-Quaternary, on the other. The hydrogeological overview shows that the Mio-Plio-Quaternary formations form the excessively salty superficial aquifer whose potential is reduced. However, neritic domain limestones and dolomites providea significant aquifer potential. The hydrochemical tool shows that the hot waters are characterized by two chemical facies: the HCO3-Ca and the SO4-Ca types, respectively, in the West and the East. The salinity of hot thermal waters is mainly due to deep water circulation in the crystallophyllian rocks and in the carbonate formations that are in contact with the terrigenous salt formations. The silica and sodium geothermometers show that thermal waters temperature varies from 60 to 100°C and water would emerge from 1600 to 3000m deep layers through a fault system that affects the basement.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Hydrothermal characterization of groundwater in the Tamlouka Plain and its surroundings (Northeast Algeria)

Appelo CAJ, Postma D. 1993. Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. J. Hydrol 155, 295-296.

Boudoukha A, Athamena M. 2012 Caractérisation des eaux thermales de l’ensemble Sud sétifien. Est algérien. Journal of Water Science 25(2), 103-118.

Bouri S, Gasmi M, Jaouadi M, Souissi M, Mimi A, Lahlou A, Dhia H. 2007. Étude intégréedes données de surface et de subsurface pour la prospection des bassins hydrogéothermiques: cas du bassin de Maknassy (Tunisie centrale). Hydrol. Sci. J 52, 1298-1315.

Castany G. 1967. Traité pratique des eaux souterraines. Dunod (Éditeur), Paris 661 p.

D’Amore F, Scandifio G, Panichi C. 1983. Some observations on the chemical classification of ground waters. Geothermics 12, 141-148.

Dib-Adjoul H. 1985.Le thermalisme de l’Est algérien. Thèse de Doctorat, Univ. Alger, Algérie 281p.

Djidel M, Djorfi S. 1992. Contribution à l’étude hydrogéologique de la plaine de Tamlouka. Mémoire d’ingénieur, Université Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algérie 150p

Djidi K, Bakalowicz M, Benali A. 2008. Mixed, classical and hydrothermal karstification in a carbonate aquifer hydrogeological consequence. The case of the Saida aquifer system, Algeria. C.R. Geosci 340, 462-473.

Djorfi S. 1988. Étude des eaux minérales et thermales du Nord-Est algérien et leur importance socio-économique. Th. Doct. PhD, Univ. d’état d’Azerbaidjan (URSS) 196p.

Gueroui Y, Maoui A, Touati AS. 2015. Hydrochemical and bacteriological investigation in groundwater of the Tamlouka Plain, north-east of Algeria. Arab J Geosci 8, 2417-2432

Hemila M, Kowalski W. 2002. Synthèse géoélectrique appliquée à la caractérisation des contacts entre nappes de charriage et son apport hydrogéologique dans la Plaine de Tamlouka « Région de Guelma, Est Algérien». Can Geotech J 39,725-737.

Issaadi A. 1992. Le thermalisme dans son cadre géostructural, apports à la connaissance de la structure profonde de l’Algérie et de ses ressources géothermales. Thèse de Doctorat, Univ. Alger, Algérie 274 p.

Lahlou Mimi A, Bendhia H, Bouri S, Lahrech A, Benabidet L, Bouchareb-Haouchine FZ. 1998. Application of chemical geothemometers to thermal springs of the Maghreb. North Africa. Geothermics 27, 211-233.

Langelier W, Ludwig H. 1942. Graphical methods for indicating the mineral character of natural waters: J. Am. Water Ass 34, p. 335-352.

Parkhurst DL, Thorstenson DC, Plummer LN. 1980. Phreeqc. A computer program for geochemical calculations. US Geol. Survey Water Resource Invest. Rept 80-96.

Rodier J. 2009. L’Analyse de l’eau. 9éme Édition. Dunod, Paris 1511p.

Sebagh I, Saifi S. 2014.Qualité des eaux souterraines de la plaine de Tamlouka. Influence de la lithologie et de la géomorphologie, Mémoire d’ingéniorat Université Badji Mokhtar Annaba 90 p.

Vila JM. 1980. La chaine alpine d’Algérie orientale et les confins algéro-tunisiens. Thèse de Doctorat, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI, France 665 p.

Vôute C. 1967. Essai de synthèse de l’histoire géologique des environs d’Ain Fakroun, Ain Babouche et les régions limitrophes. Publication du service de cartes géologiques, N.S., Bull 36(3), Alger, Algérie.

Wildi W. 1983. La chaîne tello-rifaine (Algérie, Maroc, Tunisie): Structure, stratigraphie et évolution du Trias au Miocène. Rev. Geol. Dynam. Geogr. Phys., Paris, Masson 201‑297.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background