Identification and prioritization of agricultural risks and their management strategies adopted by cotton growers in the Punjab, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/06/2020
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Identification and prioritization of agricultural risks and their management strategies adopted by cotton growers in the Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Kashif Afzal, Muhammad Luqman
Int. J. Biosci.16( 6), 45-59, June 2020.
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Cotton is the major cash crop of Pakistan. Pakistan is also included in the list of top ten cotton producing countries of the world. Inspite of its significance in the national economy and in overall agricultural production, the average cotton production in Pakistan is declining since last five years. A number of factors are responsible for this decline of cotton production including the perception that overall agriculture has become a risky business. With this rational the present research was formulated for the identification and prioritization of agricultural risks and their management strategies adopted by cotton growers in the Punjab, Pakistan. Data were collected from 400 cotton growers of three selected districts of the Punjab. Face-to-face interviews were conducted for data collection. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS. The results shows that majority of the respondents had age upto 35 years. Majority of the respondents were literate having educational level up to ten years of schooling. Family landholding of 40.0% of respondents was 6-10 Acres. Overall rating of risks that were being faced by cotton growers in the research area shows that “Human Risks” is on the top with highest mean value (4.26/5.00). Respondents practiced a wide variety of risk management strategies. Out of these adoption of multiple income sources was on the top with highest mean (3.58/5.00).


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