Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Identification key to species of sphecini (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae) in Iraq

Research Paper | January 1, 2015

| Download 10

Razzaq Shalan Augul, Mohammad Saleh Abdul-Rassoul, Ibrahim K. Kaddou

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 1), 111-121, January 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


In this study, 150 specimens of the Sphecini tribe (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae), collected from different region of Iraq are investigated. Nine species belonging to two genera were determined; this species are: Sphex flavipennis Fabricius, S. pruinosus Germar, S. zubaidiyacus Augul, Prionyx crudelis (F. Smith), P. macula (Fabricius), P. stschurowskii (Radoszkowski), Prionyx viduatus (Christ,), Prionyx lividocinctus (A. Costa), Prionyx niveatus (Dufour) and Prionyx kirbii (van der Linden). The last two species have been recorded for the first time in Iraq. Identification keys to genera, species and figured of male genitalia are illustrated.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Identification key to species of sphecini (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae) in Iraq

Augul R SH. 2013. A New Species of the Genus Sphex Linnaeus, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae; Sphecinae) from Iraq. International Journal of Advanced Research 1 (5), 475-484

Augul R SH, Abdul-Rassoul MS, Kaddou IK. 2013. A New Species of Ammophila Kirby, 1798 with Identification Key to Species of Ammophilini (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae) in Iraq. Advances in bioresearch 4 (1), 12- 27

Augul R SH, Abdul-Rassoul MS, Kaddou IK, Jihad HM. 2014. Identification key to species of Sceliphrini (Hymenoptera : Sphecidae : Sphecinae ) with illustration of male genitalia in Iraq . International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 3(4), 663-670.

Beaumont Jde. 1961. Sphecidae de Iraq. Opuscula Zoologica Part 56, 1-5.

Bohart RM, Menke AS. 1963. A reclassification of the Sphecinae with a revision of the Nearctic species of the tribes Sceliphronini and Sphecini. University of California Publications in Entomology 30, 91-182

Bohart RM, Menke AS. 1976 Sphecid wasps of the world, A generic revision (University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London) 695 pp.

Gillott C. 2005. Entomology. 3rd Edition, Published by Springer, Netherlands, 831pp.

Guichard KM. 1986. Hymenoptera: Fam. Sphecidae of Arabia. Key to the Arabian genera of hunting wasps. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 8, 343–351.

Guichard KM. 1988. Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Subfam. Sphecinae of the Arabian Peninsula. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 9, 114–131.

Gadallah NS, AL Dhafer HM, ALDryhim, YN, Fadl HH, and ELGharbawy AA. 2013. The digger wasps of Saudi Arabia: New records and distribution, with a checklist of species (Hym.: Ampulicidae, Crabronidae and Sphecidae), North – Western Journal of Zoology 9 (2),345-364.

Honore A. 1944. Revue des espèces égyptiennes du genre Sphex Linné, 1758 (Hymenoptera: Sphegidae). Bulletin de la Société Fouad Ier d’Entomologie 28, 45-79

Kaddou IK. 1967. Checklist of some insects fauna of Iraq. Biological Research Centre Publication No. 1,1–44.

Kazenas VL. 1978. The digger wasps of Kazakhstan and Middle Asia (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). The determinant. Izdatelstvo Nauka Kazakhskoy SSR, Alma Ata 172 pp. [In Russian]

Kazenas VL. 2000. New synonyms in Central and South Asian Sphecidae. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9, 48-47.

Kazenas VL. 2001. Fauna and biology of sphecid wasps (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. – Almaty: Kazgos INTI, 333 pp. [in Russian]

Khalaf AN, Al – Omar M A. 1974. A second list of insects from Iraq. Biological. Research Centre, Publication No. 2, 41pp.

Menke AS, Pulawski WJ.  2000. A review of the Sphex flavipennis species group (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Sphecidae: Sphecini). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9, 324-346.

Murray WD. 1940. Podalonia of North and Central America. Entomologica Americana 31, 1-82.

Pulawski WJ. 2014. Catalog of Sphecidae. Available on: http://www.calacademy/research/entomology /Entomology_Resources/Hymenoptera/sphecidae/ Genera _and _species _PDF /introduction.htm.

Roche GC. 2007. Conspectus of the sphecid wasps of Egypt (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae). Egyptian Journal of Natural History 4, 12-149.

Roche GC, Gadallah NS. 1999. The sphecid wasps of Egypt (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae): Introduction and generic key. Egyptian Journal of Biology 1, 104-117.