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Identification of the volatile composition of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. and Salvia spinosa L. in Isfahan climatic conditions

Amin Hadipanah, Ahmad Reza Golparvar, Ali Mehras Mehrabi, Mehrdad Jafarpour

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(6), 187-193, June 2015

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Abstract

Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. and Salvia spinosa L. are perennial shrub and aromatic plant belongs to Lamiaceae family. S. lavandulifolia and S.spinosa is an endemic species grown in Iran.The aim of this study was to identify of the chemical components of S. lavandulifolia and S.spinosa in Isfahan climatic conditions.The aerial parts of the plants were collected (Kamu mountain) Isfahan province, during 2014. The essential oil was extracted by a Clevenger approach and analyzed using GC/MS. In total, 17 and 21 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts S. lavandulifolia and S.spinosa, respectively.The results obtained in our study indicated that the major components in the oil S. lavandulifolia were α-pinene (49.24%), β-pinene (22.52%), β-phellandrene (11.71%), α-copaene (6.70%) and β-myrcene (2.02%).The major components in the oilS.spinosa were α-terpinolene (32.73%), β-ocimene (30.91%), β-patchoulene (12.77%), β-bourbonene (4.26%) and 1,8-cineol(2.88%). The results of the present study indicated that essential oil components of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. and Salvia spinosa L. can be varied with genetic as well as environmental conditions.

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Identification of the volatile composition of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. and Salvia spinosa L. in Isfahan climatic conditions

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