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Role of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize (Zea mays) growth and nutrient uptake in acidic soils under controlled conditions

By: Réussite Bugale Malembaka, Richard Onwonga, Joyce Jefwa, Fredrick Ayuke, Leon Nabahungu,

Key Words: Native AMF, Phosphorus, Zinc, Ferralsol, Nitisol, Maize

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 18(3), 20-32, March 2021.

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Indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) have a potential to boost maize (Zea mays) growth and increase the P and Zn uptake through the symbiotic association they form with the plant, even in acidic soils conditions. Five AMF inoculums produced from the most abundant and ubiquitous morphotypes isolated from field soils in maize fields in South Kivu (DRC) were assessed. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine the role of these AMF on nutrients uptake in a Nitisol and a Ferralsol. Eight treatments namely inoculums named AMF1 (Gigaspora gigantea), AMF2 (Gigaspora sp.), AMF3 (Gigaspora margarita), AMF4 (Rhizophagus intraradices) AMF5 (Acaulospora reducta), mineral phosphorus fertilizers (Pi), commercial biofertilizer Rhizatech and a Control were laid in a randomized complete block design. In the Ferralsol, Pi application, Rhizatech and AMF2 produced the highest height. Pi application resulted in the best shoot biomass. No difference was observed for the P content, but for the Zn content, AMF2 was the highest. Roots colonization did not vary among treatments. In the Nitisol, AMF4 produced the highest plant height and AMF1 the highiest chlorophyll content. AMF4 and Rhizatech colonized highly the roots. AMF3 gave the highest P however, Zinc content was equal in all treatments and the controls yielded the lowest results. Spores densities in both inoculums produced and experimental soils were low compared to the commercial inoculum but growth and roots colonisation was influenced by fertilization and soils types. The performance of efficient AMF inoculums of Gipaspora gigantea, Gigaspora sp., Rhizophagus intraradices and Acaulospora reducta applied with high densities spores and multispecies inoculums should be assessed.

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Role of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize (Zea mays) growth and nutrient uptake in acidic soils under controlled conditions

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Réussite Bugale Malembaka, Richard Onwonga, Joyce Jefwa, Fredrick Ayuke, Leon Nabahungu,.
Role of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize (Zea mays) growth and nutrient uptake in acidic soils under controlled conditions.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 18(3), 20-32, March 2021.
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