International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of a commercial rice pesticide on embryonic and larval development of climbing perch (Anabas testudineus)

By: Farah-Nurasyikin Rosman, Zarirah Zulperi

Key Words: Anabas testudineus, Embryonic development, Histology, Larval development, Pesticide.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(3), 272-281, September 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.3.272-281

Certification: ijb 2019 0139 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Pesticides are chemicals that are used to kill pests, including insects, rodents and fungi. Pesticides are very toxic to other organisms, including humans, animals and environments. This research was aimed to examine the effect of a commercial brand rice pesticide on embryonic and larval development of Anabas testudineus. The treatment used in this experiments were divided into two; embryonic and larval development. For embryonic development, treatments were prepared in different concentrations of a commercial brand rice pesticide, Brand X, as follows: control, 50 ppm, 100 ppm, 150 ppm and 200 ppm. Embryonic development was observed from 0 hour until hatched, approximately 24 hours. Meanwhile, for larval development, treatments were prepared in different concentration of Brand X as follows: control, 10 ppm, 30 ppm, 50 ppm, 70 ppm, 100 ppm, 150 ppm and 200 ppm. The results showed deformities found in embryonic development in more than or at 100 ppm of the pesticide. Larval development results showed the behavioural changes in the larval and all the larval died after 5 days of pesticide treatments. Gills histology of the fish larvae treated with the pesticide showed degradation, necrosis, adjacent of secondary lamellae and blood congestion. Furthermore, treatment at 10 ppm of the pesticide in larvae also showed bone deformity. This study showed the harmful effects of rice pesticides to the aquatic organisms and the pesticides is not suitable to be used in a high concentration (>50 ppm) as it will disrupt biodiversity for a sustainable agriculture.

| Views 18 |

Effect of a commercial rice pesticide on embryonic and larval development of climbing perch (Anabas testudineus)

Bahnasawy M, Khidr AA, Dheina M. 2009. Seasonal variations of heavy metals concentrations in mullet, Mugil cephalus and Liza ramada (Mugilidae) from Lake Manzala, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries 13(2), 81-100.

http://dx.doi.org/10.21608/EJABF.2009.2034

FAO (Fisheries and Aquaculture Department). 2016. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Jordaan MS, Reinecke S, Reinecke A. 2013. Biomarker responses and morphological effects in juvenile tilapia Oreochromis mossambicusfollowing sequential exposure to the organophosphate eazinphos-methyl. Aquatic Toxicology 144, 133-140.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2013.10.007

Khan MZ, Law FC. 2005. Adverse effects of pesticides and related chemicals on enzyme and hormone systems of fish, amphibians and reptiles: a review. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences 42(4), 315-323.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10669-008-9175-3

Kobayashi MS, Msangi M, Batka S, Vannuccini MM Dey, Anderson JL. 2015. Fish to 2030: the role and opportunity for aquaculture. Aquaculture Economics and Management 19(3), 282– 300.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13657305.2015.994240

Köhler H-R, Triebskorn R. 2013. Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond? Science 341, 759-765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1237591

Lasheen MR, Ammar NS. 2008. Speciation of some heavy metals in River Nile sediments, Cairo, Egypt. The Environmentalist 29(1), 8-16.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10669-008-9175-3

Leong KH, Tan LB, Mustafa AM. 2007. Contamination levels of selected organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the Selangor River, Malaysia between 2002 and 2003. Chemosphere  66(6), 1153-1159.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.06.009

Li XY, Liang HJ, He YJ, Li ZH, Chen HH, Xie JT, Zhang HT. 2014. Acute toxicity and safety evaluation of 5 fungicides to 3 species of aquatic organism. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences 16, 125-128.

Mejanelle L, Laureillard J. 2008. Lipid Biomaker Record in Surface Sediments at Three Sites of Contrasting Productivity in the Tropical North Eastern Atlantic. Marine Chemistry 108(1-2), 59-76.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2007.10.002

Morioka S, Sakiyama K, Ito S, Vongvichith B. 2009. Technical report and manual of seed production of the climbing perch Anabas testudineus. JIRCAS Working Report, p 61. ISSN: 1341-710X

Narra MR, Rajender K, Reddy RR, Rao JV, Begum G. 2015. The role of vitamin C as antioxidant in protection of biochemical and haematological stress induced by chlorpyrifos in freshwater fish Clarias batrachus. Chemosphere 132, 172-178.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.006

Osman AG, Kloas W. 2010. Water Quality and Heavy Metal Monitoring in Water, Sediments, and Tissues of The African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) from the River Nile, Egypt. Journal of Environmental Protection 1(04), 389-400.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2010.14045

Rabalais NN, Turner RE, Díaz RJ, Justić D. 2009. Global change and eutrophication of coastal waters. ICES Journal of Marine Science (66), 1528−1537.

https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsp047

Renick VC, Weinersmith K, Vidal-Dorsch DE, Anderson TW. 2016. Effects of pesticide and a parasite on neurological, endocrine, and behavioural responses of an estuarine fish. Aquatic Toxicology 170, 335-343.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.09.010

Sandahl JF, Jenkins JJ. 2002. Pacific steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to chlorpyrifos: benchmark concentration estimates for acetyl cholinesterase inhibition. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: An International Journal 21(11), 2452-2458.

https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620211126

Shuman-Goodier ME, Propper CR. 2016. A Meta-Analysis Synthesizing the Effects of Pesticides on Swim Speed and Activity of Aquatic Vertebrates. Science of The Total Environment 565, 758-766.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.205

Stampini M, Davis B. 2009. Does nonagricultural labor relax farmers’ credit constraints? Evidence from longitudinal data for Vietnam. Agricultural Economics 40(2), 177-188.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-0862.2009.00368.x

Toan VP, Sebesvari Z, Bläsing M, Rosendahl I, Renaud FG. 2013. Pesticide management and their residues in sediments and surface and drinking water in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Science of the Total Environment 452, 28-39.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.026

Vidthayanon C. 2002. Peat Swamp Fishes of Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand, p 136.

Yacoub AM, Sabra S, Kourashi MA. 2017. Pathological changes in Liver Structure and Function of Oreochromis niloticus experimentally exposed to Escherichia coli. International Journal of Biotechnology & Bioengineering 3, 4-95.

http://dx.doi.org/10.25141/2475-3432-2017-4.0095

Zalina I, Saad C, Christianus A, Harmin S. 2012. Induced Breeding and Embryonic Development of Climbing Perch (Anabas testudineus, Bloch). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 7(5), 291-766.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jfas.2012.291.306

Farah-Nurasyikin Rosman, Zarirah Zulperi.
Effect of a commercial rice pesticide on embryonic and larval development of climbing perch (Anabas testudineus).
Int. J. Biosci. 15(3), 272-281, September 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/effect-commercial-rice-pesticide-embryonic-larval-development-climbing-perch-anabas-testudineus/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update