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Efficacy of different composts extracts for the management of Rhizoctonia solani of potato under the laboratory conditions

By: Iram Bilqees, Muhammad Usman Ghazanfar, M. Imran Hamid

Key Words: Potato, Management, Sugarcane waste, Poultry waste compost.

Int. J. Biosci. 18(5), 69-76, May 2021.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.5.69-76

Certification: ijb 2021 0221 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Rhizoctonia solani is one of the destructive pathogens of the potato crop responsible for stem canker characteristics, root rot, and black sclerotia on tubers, which reduced the market quality of potato. Several management strategies have been adopted to overcome losses inflicted by this pathogen, such as chemical control, organic amendments, cultural practices and the development of resistant varieties. However, none of these management strategies work well to overcome this pathogen. Chemicals are causing severe environmental and health issues. Organic amendments and cultural practices are eco-friendly, however; the pathogen produces resistant sclerotia and can survive for a long time. The development of resistant varieties is laborious and the novel strains of the pathogen rapidly break the resistance of varieties. The present work was carried to evaluate compost extracts as an alternative to chemicals against R. solani. Two commercial composts, sugarcane waste compost and poultry waste were used at three concentrations 30%, 40%, and 50% respectively under laboratory conditions through food poisoning technique. Results revealed that poultry waste compost extract with 50% concentration was found best to manage R. solani as compared with other treatments. Based on our findings it is concluded that compost extract can be augmented for the sustainable management of R. solani for organic production of potato.

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Efficacy of different composts extracts for the management of Rhizoctonia solani of potato under the laboratory conditions

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Iram Bilqees, Muhammad Usman Ghazanfar, M. Imran Hamid.
Efficacy of different composts extracts for the management of Rhizoctonia solani of potato under the laboratory conditions.
Int. J. Biosci. 18(5), 69-76, May 2021.
https://innspub.net/ijb/efficacy-of-different-composts-extracts-for-the-management-of-rhizoctonia-solani-of-potato-under-the-laboratory-conditions/
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