International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Exogenous application of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) improves the nutritional status of Maize grown under salinity stress in response to Etiolation and De-etiolation conditions

By: Granaz, Kanval Shaukat, Abdul Samad, Mereen Nizar, Ghous Baksh, Mir Chakar Rahim, Wajid Ali, Tariq Ismail

Key Words: Salinity stress, de-etiolation and etiolation, PGRs, nutrients, Maize.

Int. J. Biosci. 21(1), 90-101, July 2022.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.1.90-101

Certification: ijb 2022 0006 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Plant growth and developmental processes are affected by both absences of light and salinity stress. Light and salinity affect the plant’s essential nutrients by affecting the mineral uptake through the rooting system. A pot experiment was conducted under the ambient condition of Turbat, Balochistan, to explore etiolation and de-etiolation response of maize hybrid (SP-17S23) to salinity stress under exogenous application of plant growth regulators (PGRs). Maize seedlings in three sets, i.e., non-etiolated, etiolated, de-etiolated, subjected to salinity stress (120 mM NaCl) after 15 days of seed germination. After a week, the seedlings were sprayed with optimized levels of PGRs, including thiourea (10 mM), salicylic acid (250 µM), and Kinetin (3 µM). Salinity stress affected maize growth by affecting the nutritional status. Salinity negatively affects plant’s nutrient contents such as (Nitrate, K, Mg). However, the foliar supplementation of PGRs significantly enhanced the nutrient content under salinity. Concludingly, the data recommend that foliar application of PGRs plays a key role in hampering the impacts of salinity by improving plant’s nutrients contents, thereby improving the growth of plants.

| Views 22 |

| Views 22 |

Exogenous application of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) improves the nutritional status of Maize grown under salinity stress in response to Etiolation and De-etiolation conditions

Ahsan N, Lee DG, Lee SH, Kang KY, Lee JJ, Kim PJ, Yoon HS, Kim JS, Lee BH. 2007. Excess Induced physiological and proteomic changes in germinating rice seeds. Chemosphere 67, 1182-1193.

Akram M, Ashraf MY, Ahmad R, Waraich EA, Iqbal J, Mohsan M. 2010 Screening for salt tolerance in Maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids at an early seedling stage. Pakistan Journal Botany 42, 141-154.

Akram NA, Ashraf M. 2011. Improvement in Growth, Chlorophyll Pigments and Photosynthetic Exogenous Application of Thiourea Ameliorates Salt Stress Effects by Alleviation of Oxidative Damage in Hybrid Maize 230 Performance in Salt-Stressed Plants of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by Foliar Application of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid.” Agrochemical. 55, 94-104.

Ashraf M, Foolad MR. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment-a shotgun approach to improve germination growth and crop yield under saline and none-saline conditions. Advances Agronomy. 88, 223–271.

Ashraf M, HR Athar, Harris PJ, Kwon TR. 2008. Some prospective strategies for improving crop salt tolerance. Advance in Agronomy 97, 45-8.

Ashrafuzzaman M, Khan M.A.H, Shahidullah SM. 2002 Vegetative growth of Maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by a range of salinity. Crop Research 24, 286-91.

Batool S, Wahid A, Basra SMA, Shahbaz M. 2020. Light augments the action of foliar applied plant growth regulators: Evidence using etiolated maize (Zea mays) seedlings. International Journal Agricultural Biology 23, 801‒810.

Binenbaum J, Weinstain R, Shani E. 2018. Gibberellin localization and transport in plants.Trends in Plant Science 23, 410‒421.

Brien TO, Beall FD, Smith H. 1985 De-etiolation and plant hormones: Hormonal regulation of development. Plant Physiology. 11, 282-307.

Campell N, Reece J. 2004. Biology 7th Ed. 13 978-0805.

Dasgan HY, Aktas H, Abak K, Cakmak I. 2002. Determination of screening techniques to salinity tolerance in tomatoes and investigation of genotype responses. Plant Science 163, 695- 703.

Farooq M, Hussain M, Wakeel A, Siddique KHM. 2015. Salt stress in Maize: effects, resistance Mechanisms, and management. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Springer Verlag/EDP Sciences/INRA, 35(2), 461-481.

Fageria NK, Moreira A. 2011. The role of mineral nutrition on root growth of crop plants. Advances In Agronomy. 110, 251‒331.

Flowers TJ, Galal HK Bromham L. 2010. Evolution of Halophytes: Multiple Origins of Salt Tolerance in Land Plants. Function Plant Biology 37, 604-12.

Garcia-Martinez JL, Gil J. 2002. Light regulation of gibberellin biosynthesis and mode of Action. Journal Plant Growth Regulation 20, 354-368.

Ghassemi F, Jakeman AJ, Nix HA. 1995. Salinisation of land and water resources. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Gunes A, Cicek N. 2007. Salicylic acid induced changes on some physiological parameters symptomatic for oxidative stress and mineral nutrition in Maize (Zea mays L.) grown under salinity 164, 728-736.

Kant S, Kant P, Raveh E, Barak S. 2006 Evidance that differential gene expression between the halophytes, Thellungiella halophile, and Aeabidopsis thaliana of the compatible osmolyte proline. Plant Cell Environment 29(7), 1220-1234.

Kaya C, sonmez O, Aydemir S, Ashraf M, Dikilitas M. 2013. Exogenous application of mannitol and thiourea regulates plant growth and oxidative stress responses in salt-stressed Maize (Zeamays L.), Journal Plant International 8(3), 234-241.

Khan MIR, Ashfaque F, Chhillar H., Irfan M, Khan NA. 2021. The intricacy of silicon, plants growth regulators and other signaling molecules for abiotic stress tolerance: an entrancing cross talk between alleviators. Plant Physiology Biochemistry. 1(62), 36-47.

Kashem A, Kawai S. 2007 Alleviation of cadmium phytotoxicity by magnesium in Japanese mustard spinach. Soil Science Plant Nutrition 53246-251.

Kowalenko CG, Lowe LE. 1973. Determination of nitrates in soil extracts. Soil Sci Society American Products 37, 660-668.

Lin DC, Nobel PS. 1971. Control of photosynthesis by Mg2+. Arch. Biochem. Biophys 145, 622.

Lin J, Wang Y, Sun S, Mu C, Yan X. 2017. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth, Photosynthesis and photosynthetic pigments of Leymus chinensis seedlings under salt- alkali stress and nitrogen deposition. Science Total Environment. 576, 234‒241.

Maathuis FJM, Amtmann A. 1999. K+ nutrition and Na+ toxicity: The basis of cellular K+ /Na+ ratios. Annual Botany 84, 123-133.

Mok DW, Mok MC. 1994. Cytokinins: Chemistry, Activity and function, CRC Press, Boca Raton. 129-137.

Munns R. 2002. Comparative Physiology of Salt and Water Stress. Plant Cell Environment 5(2), 239-250.

Munns Tester M. 2008 Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology (59), 651‒ 681.

Nemhauser J, Chory J. 2002. Photomorphogenesis. In: The Arabidopsis Book. C.R. Somerville and E.M. Meyerowitz (eds.). American Society of Plant Biologists. Rockville, Maryland, USA.

Niste M, Vidican R, Rotar I, Stoian V, Pop R, Miclea R. 2014. Plant nutrition affected by soil salinity and response of Rhizobium regarding the nutrient accumulation. Production Environment 7, 71‒75.

Ouda SAE, Mohamed SG, Khalil FA. 2008. Modeling: The effect of different stress condition   on maize productivity using yield-stress model. International Journal Natural Engineering. Science. 2(1), 57-62.

Riefler M, Nora O, Strand M, Smulling T. 2006. Arabidopsis Cytokinin receptor mutants reveal function in shoot growth, leaf senescence, seed size germination, root development and cytokinin metabolism. Plant Cell 18, 40-602.

Sarwar G, Ashraf MY. 2003. Genetic variability of some primitive bread wheat varieties to salt tolerance. Pakistan Journal of Botany 35, 771-777.

Senbayram M, Gransee A, Wahle V, Thiel H. 2016. Role of magnesium fertilizers in agriculture. Plant soil continuum. Crop and Pasture Science. 66(12), 1219-1229.

Shahid MA, Sarkhosh A, Khan N, Balal RM, Ali S, Rossi L, Gómez C, Mattson N, Nasim,Garcia-Sanchez WF. 2020. Insights into the physiological and biochemical impacts of salt stress on plant growth and development. Agronomy. 10, 938.

Shalhevet J. 1995. Using marginal quality water for crop production. Int. Water Irrigation Review 15(1), 5-10.

Shannon MG. 1979. In quest of rapid screening techniques for plant salt tolerance. Horticultural Science 14, 587-589.

Srivastava AK, Ramaswamy NK, Mukhopadhyaya R, Chiramal-Jincy MG, D’Souza SF. 2009 Thiourea Modulates the Expression and Activity Profile of mtATPase under Salinity Stress in Seeds of Brassica juncea. Annual of Botany 103(3), 403-10.

Svriz M, Damascos MA, Lediuk KD, Varela SA, Barthélémy D. 2014. Effect of light on the growth and photosynthesis of an invasive shrub in its native range. AoB Plant 6, 033.

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 2009. Fisiologia vegetal. 4th Edition. Porto Alegre: Artmed, p 819.

Tiryaki I, Kaplan SA. 2019. Enhanced germination performance of dormant seeds of Eragrostistef in the presence of light. Tropical Grassland. 7, 244-251.

Tisdale SL, Nelson WL, Beaton JD, Havlin U. 1993. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Vandenbussche F, Verbelen JP, Van Der Straeten D. 2005. Of light and length: regulation of hypocotyle growth in Arabidopsis Bioessays 27, 275-284.

Wahid A, Parveen M, Gelani S, Basra SMA. 2007. Pretreatment of Seeds with H2O2 Improves Salt Tolerance of Wheat Seedling by Alleviation of Oxidative Damage and Expression of Stress Proteins.  Journal Plant Physiology 164(3), 283-94.

Wahid A, Sehar S, Perveen M, Gelani S, Basra SMA, Farooq M. 2008. Seed Pre-treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide Improves Heat Tolerance in Maize at Germination and Seedling Growth Stages. Seed. Science Technology 36(3), 633-45.

Walker CJ, Weinstein JD. 1991. Furthur characterization of the magnesium chelatese in isolated developing cucumber chloroplasts. Plant Physiology 95, 1189-1196.

Wang C, Yang A, Yin H, Zhang J. 2008. Influence of water stress on endogenous hormone contents and cell damage of maize seedlings. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50(4), 427–434.

Zhao Z, Chen G, Zhang C. 2001. Interaction between reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in drought-induced abscisic acid synthesis in root tips of wheat seedlings. Australian Journal Plant Physiology 28, 1055-1061.

Zia A, Guo B, Ullah I, Ahmad R., Khan, MA Abbasi BH, Wei Y. 2011. Salinity Tolerance and Site of K+ Accumulation in Four Maize Varieties Grown in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Region of Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(25), 6040-7.

Granaz, Kanval Shaukat, Abdul Samad, Mereen Nizar, Ghous Baksh, Mir Chakar Rahim, Wajid Ali, Tariq Ismail.
Exogenous application of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) improves the nutritional status of Maize grown under salinity stress in response to Etiolation and De-etiolation conditions.
Int. J. Biosci. 21(1), 90-101, July 2022.
https://innspub.net/ijb/exogenous-application-of-plant-growth-regulators-pgrs-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-maize-grown-under-salinity-stress-in-response-to-etiolation-and-de-etiolation-conditions/
Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update