International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Management of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) through plant based derivatives on Abelmoschus esculentus under field conditions in District Mardan, Khyber PakhtunKhwa, Pakistan

By: Sarir Ahmad, Bibi Safia, Tika Khan, Nazia Shah, Muhammad Abdal, Jalal Uddin

Key Words: Whitefly, Management, Okra, Neem oil, Garlic oil.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 293-299, January 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.293-299

Certification: ijb 2019 0140 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Okra is an important vegetable sown all over the globe due to its nutritional value and taste. It is attacked by a tiny fly known as Whitefly. It suck the sap and also transmit Begomovirus to the okra. Whitefly being the major pest of Okra cause decline in the yield therefore, for the management this research was conducted. The efficacy of naturally occurring plant based derivatives were tested against whitefly population dynamics on Okra. Okra was sown in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) having five replications. Treatments included Neem oil (5%), Garlic oil (5%), Castor oil (5%), Datura innoxia extract (2.5%), and Tegetes patella extract (2.5%) and Confidor were evaluated against whitefly population dynamics. A total of two sprays were applied with interval of 15 days. The results revealed that after 1st spray, neem oil showed high efficiency by having minimum number (0.11) of whitefly followed by confidor (0.12). After the 2nd spray, the effectiveness of all treatments increased with the exposure time. All the treatments showed high mortality by having less numbers of whitefly. Maximum shoot length was achieved with neem oil and confidor 148 cm respectively followed by castor oil 147cm. Most number of fruits (18 per plot) were found in neem and garlic oil treated plants followed by confidor 17. Maximum fruit weight was achieved with all the treatments over check. It is therefore, concluded that due to the hazardous effects of insecticides on ecosystem, these naturally occurring safe plant based insecticides should be applied for whitefly management

| Views 40 |

Management of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) through plant based derivatives on Abelmoschus esculentus under field conditions in District Mardan, Khyber PakhtunKhwa, Pakistan

Ali ZA, Yahya R, Sekaran SD, Puteh R. 2016. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using apple extract and its antibacterial properties. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 1-6.

Amjad M, Bashir MH, Afzal M, Ahsan M. 2009. Efficacy of some insecticides against whitefly (BemisiatabaciGenn.) infesting cotton under field conditions. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences 7, 140-143.

Anwar F, Rashid U, Mahmood Z, Iqbal T, Sherazi TH. 2011. Inter-varietal variation in the composition of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) seed oil. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 271-280.

George F. 1985. Response of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus (L.) Moench) to Fertilizer. Fertilizer Research 8, 287-301.

Hussain MA, Mukhtar T, Kayani MZ, Aslam MN, Haque MI. 2012. A survey of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in the Punjab province of Pakistan for the determination of prevalence, incidence and severity of root-knot disease caused by Meloidogyne spp. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 2071-2075.

Hyun KK, Jahan SA, Kabir E, Brown RJC. 2013. A review of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their human health effects. Environment international 60, 71-80.

Inayatullah C, Ghani MA, Ghaffar A. 1985. Cotton whitefly, Bemisiatabaci (Genn.) and its control. Directorate of Agricultural Information, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, 90.

International Board for Plant Genetic Resources IBPGR. 1990. Report on International Workshop on Okra Genetic resources held at the National bureau for Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, India.

Irum A, Khan J, Aslam N, Haq EU, Javed HI, Irfan M, Rasool A, Mastoi MI, Aslam A. 2014. Efficacy of Plant Derived Oils And Extracts Against Whitefly Bemisiatabaci (Gennadius) On Sesame Crop. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 27, 250-254.

Jha SK, Kumar M. 2017. Relative efficacy of different insecticides against whitefly, Bemisiatabaci on tomato under field condition.Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5, 728-732.

Mustafa G. 2000. Annual Report. Entomology Section, Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad Pakistan, 1-14.

Patil BL, Fauquet CM. 2009. Cassava mosaic geminiviruses: actual knowledge and perspectives. Molecular Plant Pathology 10, 685-701.

Sardana HR, Bambawale OM, Kadu LN, Singh DK. 2004. Development and validation of adaptable IPM in egg plant, Solanummelongena L. in a farmers participatory approach. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 32, 123-128.

Sarir Ahmad, Bibi Safia, Tika Khan, Nazia Shah, Muhammad Abdal, Jalal Uddin.
Management of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) through plant based derivatives on Abelmoschus esculentus under field conditions in District Mardan, Khyber PakhtunKhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 293-299, January 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/management-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-plant-based-derivatives-abelmoschus-esculentus-field-conditions-district-mardan-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update