International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Mental stress among female teachers of selected private and public schools in Dhaka City

By: Khan Nasrin Jahan, Afshan Zareen, Mahibun Nahar, Nasima Begum

Key Words: Mental stress, female teachers, school environments.

Int. J. Biosci. 18(4), 123-143, April 2021.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.4.123-143

Certification: ijb 2021 0209 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mental stress is now a day’s common problem among female school teachers. Mental stress is most commonly being seen when demands of a situation exceed the personal resources that the individual can bring to bear on them at that moment. This comparative cross-sectional study was carried out from January to December 2019 to compare the level of mental stress between selected private and public female school teachers in Dhaka city. Sample size of the study was 263. Among them 191 from private schools and 72 from public schools. Majorities (61.3%) of respondents are age 25-36 years in private schools and 48.6% had age 37-48 years in public schools. Average monthly income of female teachers 17933.61 BDT and 36223.61 BDT in private and public schools respectively. Majority (57.6%) had moderate stress and 42.4% had low stress in private schools. 62.5% had moderate stress and 37.5% had low stress in public school female teachers which was significant (p=0.046) in graduate level of education. Severe workload among female teachers, 68.7 % were found moderate stress which was significant (p=0.042) in private school. In public teachers who had severe workload, 74.4% were found to be having moderate stress. Moderate stress was significant with non-flexible working hours in both private (p<0.001) and public (p=0.001) female school teachers. Support of boss was significantly associated (p<0.01) with moderate stress in public school. Moderate stress was significantly associated with satisfaction with current teaching profession in both private (p<0.001) and public (p=0.003) schools teachers. Mean perceived stress score (16.48±4.045 and 19.16±3.630) was significantly (p=0.007) different respectively between sufficient and non-sufficient leisure hours in public school. Mean perceived stress score (19.94±4.195) was significantly different (p=0.012) not satisfied at decision making in Private schools. Mean perceived stress score by selected attributes was significantly different between salary satisfaction in female teachers of private (p=0.001) & public (p=0.022) schools and also significantly different among different educational level of husbands in private (p=0.006) and public (p=0.053) school teachers. Mean perceived stress score was significantly different (p=0.005) among different duration of teaching profession in public school teachers. In developing country like Bangladesh, teaching is considered as one of the stressful professions. Mental stress among female teachers needs to be prevented and reduced which should be focused. Necessary actions need to their pay structure, general status, working conditions, and workload and school environment.

| Views 34 |

| Views 34 |

Mental stress among female teachers of selected private and public schools in Dhaka City

Alfred Solomon D, David Robinson P, Thephilah Cathrine R. 2017. Assess the level of stress among school teachers in selected schools at vellore. International Journal of Development Research 9(11), p 16456-16458.

Asa FT, Lasebikan VO. 2016. Mental health of teachers: teachers’ stress, anxiety and depression among secondary schools in Nigeria. International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, p 1-10.

Akinoboye JO, Akinoboye DO, Adeyemo DA. 2002. Coping with stress in life and workplace. Striling –Horden publishers, Ibadan, Nigeria, p 1-8

Arroba T, James K. 2002. Pressure at work, A survival guide (2ndedititon). Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill.

Aujla P, Sandhu P, Gill R. 2004. Stress management techniques used by working women and non-working women of Ludhiana city. Indian Journal Social Research 45(1), p 47-58.

Bhagi M, Sharma S. 1992. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychology, New Delhi: Ammol Publication.

Babu R, Fatihma A. 2017. Mental Health of Women Teachers and Their Professional Life Stress. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 22(10), p 39-45.

Brown M, Ralph S, Brember I. 2002. Change-linked work-related stress in British teachers. Research in Education 67(1), p 1–12.

Bullletin of the World health organization. 2000. WHO International consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology 78(4).

Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. 1983. Aglobal measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24, p 386-96.

Cezar-Vaz MR, Bonow CA, Almeida MCVD, Rocha LP, Borges AM. 2015.  Mental health of elementary schoolteachers in Southern Brazil: working conditions and health consequences. The Scientific World Journal 2015.

Cacioppo JT. 1994. Social neuroscience: Autonomic, neuroendocrine, and immune responses to stress. Psychophysiology 31, p 113–128.

Dellutri D. 2001. The factor structure of twelve item General Health Questionnaire”:the result of negative phrasing, London.

Donaldson RJ, Donaldson LJ. 1998. Essential Public health Medicine. Lbrapham Ltd. London.

De Lange AH, Taris TW, Kompier MA, Houtman IL, Bongers PM. 2003. The very best of the millennium”: longitudinal research and the demand control-(support) model. Journal of occupational health psychology 8(4), p 282.

Friedman IA. 2000. Burnout in teachers: Shattered dreams of impeccable professional performance. Journal of Clinical Psychology 56(5), p 595-606.

Friedman DE. 1988. Why the glass ceiling? Across the Board 7, 33-37.

Ghulza FH, Qamar ZA, Arshad M, Haider G. 2019. A Study of the Organizational Stress among Public Sector Secondary School Teachers in Punjab. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences 8(2), p 285.

Hasan. 2014. A study of occupational stress of primary School teachers. Educationia Confab 3(4), p 11-19.

Holeyannavar PG, Itagi SK. 2009. Stress and health status of primary school teachers, Department of Human Development Rural Home Science College, UAS, Dharwad-580 005, India.

Hillert A, Schmitz E. 2004. Editors. “Psychosomatic diseases in fe­male and male teachers. Causes, concepts, prevention, ther­apeutical approaches”. Stuttgart: Schattauer; German.

Hatti SB, Aneelraj, Kaita KN, Baruah A. 2016. Occupational stress of school teachers working in government and private schools, International Journal of Medicine Research 1(5), p 53-55.

Herman H, Saxena S, Moodie R. 2005 .Promoting Mental Health: concepts, Emerging Evidence, Practice. A report of the World Health Organization, Department of Mental and Substance abuse in collaboration with the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation and The University of Melbourne .Geneva, Switzerland: WHO press.

Hasty RE. 2007. Teacher attrition: The relationship between teachers’ stress and their intentions to leave their current positions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, AZ.

Hadi AA, Naing NN, Daud A, Nordin R, Sulong MR. 2009. Prevalence and factors associated with stress among secondary school teachers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 40(6), p 1359-70.

 

Islam Nurul Md, 2011. Life Stress and Mental Health of Primary School Teachers. Bangladesh journal of behavioral sciences. VolIV, 1, p 32-42.

Jurado D, Gurpegui M, Moreno O, Fernández MC, Luna JD, Gálvez R. 2005. Association of personality and work conditions with depressive symptoms.  European Psychiatry 20(3), p 213-222.

Jain G, Tyagi HK, Kumar A. 2015. Psycho-Social Factors Causing Stress: A Study of Teacher Educators. Journal of Education and Practice 6(4), p 125-130.

Jamal M. Baba VV. 2000. Job Stress & Burnout among Canadian Managers & Nurses: An Empirical Examination. Canadian Journal of Public Health, Nov /Dec

Jurado D, Gurpegui M, Moreno O, Fernández, MC, Luna JD. Gálvez R. 2005. Association of personality and work conditions with depressive symptoms.  European Psychiatry 20(3), p 213-222.

Kamboj Malvidr. 2017. A Study of occupational stress among female teachers working in secondary schools in Rewa District. International Journal of Advanced Educational Research 2(3), p 62-65.

Kumar MS, Prasad AS, Kumar PV. 2018. Impact of occupational stress on personal life: a study on private sector life insurance companies in Telangana state. From the editor’s desk, p 12-15.

Kessler RC. 1998. The World Health Organization International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE): Initial work and future directions –the Nape lecture; p 2-9.

Lazarus RS, Folkman S. 1984. Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer. Google Scholar.

Milaat WA. 1997. Stress in School: Prevalence of Hidden Psychiatric Illness among Jeddah School of Worker, Saudi Medical Journal 18, p 240-243.

Male DB, May D. 1997. Research section: Stress, burnout and workload in teachers of children with special educational needs. British journal of special Education 24(3), p.133-140.

Milbourne SA. 2006. The Effect of Ambiant Working Condition on Teacher –Child Interactions and Teacer Stress and Wellness. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Newyork : the university of Delaware.

Mathew L. 2005. An exploratory study on occupational stress and coping strategies of special educators in South India. Available at SSRN 643192.

Nathawat SS. 1997. Value based quality of life. Indian journal of Psychology 24, p 101 -102.

Nayak J. 2008. Factors Influencing Stress and Coping Strategies among the Degree College Teachers of Dharwad City, Karnataka. Master of Home Science in Family Resource Management.

Nelson C, Darwin B, Low C, Gary R, Kaye S. 2005. The Emotionally Intelligent Teacher: A Transformative Learning Model. New York: Academic Press.

Niaz U. 1995. Violance against women: women’s rights are human rights. Karachi: soroptimistic Club International.

Othman Z, Sivasubramaniam V. 2019. Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Secondary School Teachers in Klang, Malaysia. International Medical Journal 26(2), p 71-74.

Onder CF, Sari M. 2009. The Quality of School Life and Burnout as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Teachers. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice 9(3), p 1223-1235.

Ojha S, Rani U. 2004. A Comparative study of the level of the stress and various dimensions of mental health among working and non-working women. J.Com. Gui. Res. 21(3), p 297-303.

Pettigrew LS, Wolf GE. 1982. Validating Measures of Teacher Stress. American Educational Research Journal 19(3), p 373–396.

Rupa, Jerlin, Durai, Vijaya. 2012. A Study on Stress among School Teachers with Special Reference to Madurai District. Available at SSRN:

https:// ssrn.com/ abstract= 2115412.

Ryhal PC, Singh K. 1996. A study of correlates of job stress among university faculty. Indian Psy. 46, 1-2, p 20-26.

Repetti RL, Mathews KA, Wardon I. 1989. Employment and women’s health: Effects ofpaid employment on women’s mental and physical health. American Psychologist 44, p 1394-1401.

Qusar N. 2011. A Study of Occupational Stress among School Teachers. International Journal of Education & Allied Sciences 3(1), p 3-5.

Ravichandran R, Rajendran R. 2007. Perceived sources of stress among the teachers. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology 33(1), p 133-136.

Reddy MV, Chandrasekhar CR. 1998. Prevalence of mental and behavioral disorders in India: a met analysis. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 40, p 149-157.

Shirley LK, Kathy MH. 2002. Stress Hormones: How do them Measure Up. Biological Research for Nursin 4(2), p 92-103.

Selye H. 1976. THE stress of life 2nd edition. New York:MCGraw Hill.

Selye H. 1936. Thymus and adrenals in the response of the organism to injuries and intoxications. British Journal of Experimental Psychology 17, p 234-248.

Seibt R, Matz A, Hegewald J, Spitzer S. 2012. “Working conditions of female part-time and full-time teachers in relation to health status”. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 85, p 675–87.

Saravanan K, Muthu Lakshmi K. 2017. A Study on Occupational Stress among Teachers of Higher Secondary Schools in Nagappattinam District. Journal of Teacher Education and Research 12(2), p 144-156.

Smith K, Milstein M. 1984. Stress and teachers: old wine in new bottles. Urban Education 19(1), p 39–51.

Singh MSingh G. 2006. Assessment of Mental Health Status of middle-agefemale school teachers of Varanasi city. Internet Journal of Health 5(1), p.6.

Sumanta Dawn, Payel Talukdar, Subir Bhattacharjee, Om Prakash Singh. 2016. A Study on Job related Stress among School Teachers in Different Schools of West Bengal, India. Eastern Journal of Psychiatry 19(1), January – June 2016.

Sami N, Saeed T. 2006. Psychosocial consequences of secondary infertility in Karachi. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association 56, 19.

Shyam SS. 2008. Occupational stress among teachers working in secondary schools of Karauli district of Rajasthan state (Doctoral dissertation, SCTIMST), p.

Subramanium V. 1999. The Impact of globalization on Women’s reproductive health and rights: a regional perspective development 42, p 145-149.

Stromquist NP. 2018. The global status of teachers and the teaching profession.  USA [United States of America]: Education International Research. Available online also at:  [Accessed in Manila, the Philippines: January 5, 2019].

https://ei-ie-alorg/sites/default/files/docs/2018_ei_research_statusofteachers_eng_ final.pdf

Seaward BL. 2006. Physiology of stress. Managing Stress: Principles and Strategies for Health and Wellbeing p 2-34.

Samad NIA, Hashim Z, Moin S, Abdullah H. 2010. Assessment of stress and its risk factors among primary school teachers in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Global Journal of Health Science 2(2), p 163.

Thomas N, Clarke V, Lavery J. 2003. Self –reported work and family stress of female primary teacher’s .Australian Journal of Education 47(1), p 73-87.

Thara R, Patel V. 2006. Regional Health Forum WHO South East Region (SEAR) 5, No 1.

Tasnim S. 2006. Job satisfaction among female school teachers: a study on primary schools in Bangladesh”.

Waqar, M,Parray, Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Purnima Awasthi. 2016). Stress among Teachers. A Theoretical Examination. The International Journal of Indian Psychology 3(4), p 2349-3429.

Wright C, Nepal MK,     Bruce Jones WDA 1990. Mental health patients in PHC services in Nepal. JInst Med. 12, p 65-74.

The World Health Report. World Health Organization, Geneva. 1998.

World Health Organization. Mental disorders [Internet]. World Health Organ organization. 2018 [cited 2019 Feb 11]. Available from:

http:www.ho.i t/news- room/fact-sheets/detail/mental-disorders

Khan Nasrin Jahan, Afshan Zareen, Mahibun Nahar, Nasima Begum.
Mental stress among female teachers of selected private and public schools in Dhaka City.
Int. J. Biosci. 18(4), 123-143, April 2021.
https://innspub.net/ijb/mental-stress-among-female-teachers-of-selected-private-and-public-schools-in-dhaka-city/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update